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Article
Oral malignant lesions in a sample of patients in the north of Iraq (Retrospective study)

Author: Ali I Al–Niaimi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 176-180
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To determine the frequency of occurrence and the distribution of different oral malignant lesions in a sample of patients in the north of Iraq. Materials and Methods: This study including the reviewof 6603 patients’ files with different types of malignant tumors of the body between the years 1995– 1999 and the cases affecting the oral cavity were isolated and undergo descriptive statistical analysis.Results: From the 6603 patients’ files reviewed, only 119 cases (2%) had malignant lesions of the oral cavity with age range between 2.5–90 years and the mean of age was 58.3 years. Male:female ratio was 1.2:1. Squamous cell carcinoma was the predominant tumor of the oral cavity. Lower lip was the most commonly affected site by the oral cancer. Conclusion: Oral cancer included many types of tumors but the predominant type is the squamous cell carcinoma that takes many forms. Although it show high occurrence over the age of 40 years but it may occur at any age and sex. The other types of cancer although they are rare in the oral cavity but they should be taken in consideration during diagnosis oforal cancer.


Article
A ETIOLOGICAL STUDY ON SOME FORMS OF BOVINE PULMONARY IN Al-NASSIRIYA AND AL-BASRAH CITIES LESIONS
دراسة وبائية لبعض أشكال الإصابات الرئوية للأبقار في محافظتي ذي قار والبصرة

Author: Mahdi M. Thueni مهدي مرشد ثويني
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 158-162
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

In this study , it was aimed to isolate some Bacteria from some pulmonary lesions of various pathological conditions occurring in the lungs of cows. For this aims ,samples of the investigation were obtained through the examination of a total of (660)cows ranging from 3 to 10 years of age were examined for lungs affection during the period from November 2006 to July 2007 .Out of these samples ,(148) lung ,constituting (22.4%)suspected for abnormalities were selected . The encountered pulmonary lesions which found in our study were (148) cases (22.4%), included 11 various type of pulmonary lesions associated with bacterial isolation. Escherichia coli being the most frequently isolated organism and the number of it's isolates was (68), constituting (34.9%) of the overall number of isolates. The various bacterial isolates with different pulmonary lesions are mentioned and it's significance is discussed.

تضمنت هذه الدراسة محاوله لتحديد بعض المسببات الجرثومية للآفات الرئوية في الأبقار لحالات مرضية مختلفة تحدث تلقائيا في رئات الأبقار,جنوب العراق. لهذا الغرض ثم أجراء مسح على رئات الأبقار المذبوحة. في المجازر الجنوبية (ألبصره و الناصرية). ومن خلال الفحص لما مجموعه (660) بقرة تتراوح أعمارها من 3ــ10 سنة بدت ظاهريا سليمة لمدة عشرة أشهر للفترة من تشرين الأول 2006 إلى تموز2007 ومن تلك الرئات المفحوصة تم الحصول على (148) رئة مصابة وبنسبة (22.4%) وكان سببها جرثومي . عزلت المسببات الجرثومية من أفات رئوية مختلفة لهذا الحيوان (الأبقار) ) , وكانت اغلب العزولات الجرثومية المرتبطة بتلك الحالات الاشريشيا القولونية حيث بلغ عدد عزولاتها (68) التي شكلت (34,9%) من العدد الكلي للعزولات الجرثومية البالغة (195) عزله . تم ذكر المسببات الجرثوميهه المعزولة من الآفات الرئوية المختلفة وتشخيصها ومناقشة أهميتها بالنسبة لهذا الحيوان (الأبقار).


Article
HISTOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACTION OF THE CASTOR SEEDS ON THE INTERNAL ORGANS IN MALE WHITE MICE
دراسة نسيجية لمعرفة تاثير المستخلص المائي لبذور الخروع على الاعضاء الداخلية للفئران البيضاء

Author: Intisar A. Hassan*, Ahmed Q. Al-Awadi**, Israa S. Salman*, Noor N. Jasim
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 54-65
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Water extract of castor bean was prepared and injected in mice in order to study the effect of acute phase of toxicity (in different doses) on living tissue, for these reasons, 24 male white mice were divided equally into 4 groups. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd groups were injected with the aqueous extraction of the castor seeds subcutaneously with 20, 30 and 60 mg/Kg of body weight, respectively, while the 4th group used as control group. After 24 hrs. the internal organs showed degenerative changes and proteintious material in the spleen and kidney, also these organs in addition to liver and stomach showed inflammatory reaction in their parenchyma. The lesions in the examined internal organs were mild in a dose of 20 mg/Kg B.W. and more sever lesions seen in a dose of 60 mg/kg of body weight.

Keywords

Castor seeds --- spleen --- Lesions.


Article
Musculoskeletal biopsy (Bone and soft tissue lesions) referred by orthopedic unit in Al-Diwaniyiah teaching hospital

Authors: Raad Jawad Kadhim Al-Shaibany --- Thair Wali Ali
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2016 Volume: 12 Issue: 21 Pages: 60-64
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Objectives. To study the frequency and type of bone and soft tissue lesions referred by orthopedic unit in Al-Deewaniyiah teaching Hospital.Patients materials and methods. The surgical pathology reports of 86 patients presented with bony and soft tissue lesions were studied. Those records belong to the period extending from January 2014 through December 2014. Histopathologic features were reviewed and classification was made.Results. Lesions referred by orthopedic unit represented about 5% out of all surgical biopsies received by the surgical pathology unit of Al-Deewaniyah teaching hospital. Bony lesions represented 25.5% of lesions while soft tissue lesions represented 74.5% of lesions. There was apparent association between type of lesion and age of the patients. There was no significant association between type of lesion and gender of patients. Conclusion. Bony and soft tissue lesions represent a minor fraction of surgical specimens examined by surgical pathology unit and most of these lesions are benign

كان الغرض من الدراسة استعراض نوع الخزع النسيجية العضلية الهيكلية والتي يتم ارسالها من وحدة جراحة العظام والكسور في مستشفى الديوانية التعليمي من حيث نوع الاصابة وعددها وعلاقتها بعمر المصاب وجنسه. تمت مراجعة ارشيف الفحص النسيجي ل86 عينة خاصة بمرضى وحدة جراحة العظام والكسور خلال العام 2014. تمت هذه الدراسة في مختبر الفحص النسيجي لمستشفى الديوانية التعليمي. اظهلرت النتائج بأن الخزع النسيجية التي تم ارسالها من قبل وحة جراحة العظام والكسور في عام 2014 قد بلغت 5% فقط من مجموع الخزع النسيجية االتي تم فحصها في هذا العام وهي نسبة قليلة نسباً. شملت العينات 22 حالة مرظية بالنسبة لاصابات العظام بينما كانت نسبة الانسجة الرخوة 64 (74,5 %). كانت هناك فروق واضحة من حيتث العمر بالنسبة لمختلف الاصابات لكن لم يكن بالامكان تعيين القيمة المعنوية لقلة عدد الحالات. لم تكن هناك فروق معنوية بخصوص الجنس لمختلف الحالات المرضية.كانت النتيجة المسخلصة من الدراسة كالآتي: ان نسبة الخزع النسيجية المرسلة من قبل وحدة جراحة العظام والكسور تعد ضئيلة نسبيا وكانت معظم الحالات من الاورام الحمية او الالتهابات المزمنة في حين كانت نسبة الاورام الخبيثة قليلة جداَ.


Article
CAROTID SYSTEM LIGATION IN SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF SOME MAXILLOFACIAL HEMORRHAGIC LESIONS AND INJURIES
عملية ربط شرايين الجهاز السباتي في التداخلات الجراحية لعلاج بعض الإصابات والحالات ألنزفيه في منطقة الوجه والفكين

Author: Dr. Ghalib Abid Humaidi د. غالب عبد حميدي
Journal: Thi-Qar Medical Journal مجلة ذي قار الطبية ISSN: 19929218 Year: 2010 Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Pages: 11-23
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:While carotid arteries ligation is uncommon procedure , but they are highly indicated in management of some hemorrhagic lesions and injuries in maxillofacial region . This will prevent possible fatal complications during surgical intervention due to uncontrolled hemorrhage .At the same time in some of these lesions and injuries urgent surgical therapy is required . Review of the anatomy , symptoms , treatment , diagnostic methods and complications is provided . As well , the successful treatment of those hemorrhagic lesions and injuries is discussed as reminder that such ligation is highly effective in controlling bleeding and saving patient`s life . Recommendations of the surgical management of those cases which necessitate ligation of carotid system are discussed .

ألخلاصه : بينما تكون عملية ربط الشرايين السباتيه هي من العمليات الخاصة ولا يلجا لها دائما لكنها ضرورية جدا في معالجة بعض الحالات والإصابات ألنزفيه في منطقة الوجه والفكين وفي هذه ألعمليه يمكن تفادي المضاعفات القاتلة التي يمكن أن تحدث في المداخلات الجراحية لمعالجة مثل هذه الحالات بسبب النزف الشديد الخارج عن السيطرة . وفي نفس الوقت يمكن ان تاتي مثل هذه الحالات كحاله طارئه وتحتاج الى تداخل جراحي سريع لانقاذ حياة المريض . توضيح الناحية التشريحيه وخاصة لمجموعة الشرايين السباتيه والعلامات السريريه والتشخيص وطرق العلاج والمضاعفات لمثل هذه الحالات سيتم عرضه. وكذلك العمليات الناجحه التي تم اجراؤها لهذه الحالات النزفيه لكي تذكر العاملين في هذا الاختصاص ان مثل هذا الربط الى الشرايين السباتيه له التاثير الناجع بالسيطره على النزف الشديد الذي يرافق مثل هذه الحالات والتي يتم بواسطتها انقاذ المريض من هلاك اكيد . كذلك ستقدم بعض النصائح في العمليات الجراحيه لاحتواء مثل هذه الحالات والتي تستوجب في بعضها ربط احد شرايين الجهاز السباتي والتي سيتم مناقشتها باسهاب .


Article
Clinicopathological analysis of common oral lesions

Authors: Shanaz M. Gaphor شاناز غفور --- Mustafa J. Abdullah مصطفى عبد الله
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 2 Pages: 101-107
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Oral health is important to the quality of life of all individuals. Oral lesions can cause discomfort or painthat interferes with mastication, swallowing, and speech. Oral disease is a health problem that is not only a matter oforal hygiene and local condition, but can also be a precursor to other dangerous and potentially life threateningillnesses. The present study was designed to analyze the main clinicopathological aspects of most common orallesions in patients who visit the Oral Diagnosis Clinic of the College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistanregion, Iraq.Patients and methods: This prospective study was performed on 3144 patients from July 2009-July 2010. In this study atotal of 3144 patients were examined. Of these 1507 (47.93%) were males and 1637 (52.06%) females. The patients'age ranged between 10 to 79 years. An interview was conducted to collect information using a structuredquestionnaire which was completed by each patient. The lesions that could not be diagnosed by clinicalexaminations alone were analyzed histopathologically.Results: Among 3144 patients, only 799 patients (25.41%) had oral lesions. Females constituted 49.81% (n=398) andmales 50.18 (n=401). The age range of the patients was between 10-79 years with a mean age of 33.75 years.Anatomic changes and developmental anomalies were considered as linea alba (16.68%), Fordyce's granules(12.37%), torus mandibularis (0.66%), torus palatinus (0.55%). Common oral lesions after those considered beinganatomic changes and developmental anomalies were fissure tongue (18.23%), cheek biting (12.15%), hairy tongue(6.51%), and recurrent aphthous stomatitis (5.85%) , ankyloglossia (3.75%) , lingual varicosities (2.87%) , frictional(traumatic) keratosis (2.87%) , denture stomatitis (2.54%), recurrent herpes simplex virus infection (2.43%), traumaticulcer (2.43%), geographic tongue (1.98%), fibroepithelial hyperplasia (1.32%), denture induced fibrous hyperplasia(1.21%) , angular cheilitis (0.99%) , oral lichen planus (0.88%) , median rhomboid glossitis (0.88%) , peripheral giant cellgranuloma (0.22%) , and gingival hyperplasia (0.33%) .Conclusion: Routine examinations of oral cavities are valuable in identifying several oral lesions and this will help toestablish early diagnosis and treatment and better prognosis particularly early precancerous and other oral lesions


Article
The value of ultrasound and color doppler ultrasonography in the evaluation of periapical lesions in comparison to histopathological and/or surgical findings

Authors: Mithaq A. Zebun --- Ahlam A. Fattah احلام فتاح
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 59-66
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Imaging techniques play a very important role in the specialty of endodontic. The ultrasonographictechnique is non-expensive procedure, safe, and reproducible. The aim of the study was to determine the sensitivity,specificity, and accuracy of ultrasound and color Doppler ultrasonography in evaluation of periapical lesions (cyst,granuloma, mixed lesion “cyst within graulomas mass”, and abscess.Subject, Material and method: The sample consists of prospective study for 64 Iraqi participants who attendedKarbalaa Specialized Center for Dentistry (males & females).Those patients were diagnosed clinically and radiographically as having periapical lesions of dental origin. They wereexamined by real time ultrasound and color Doppler ultrasonography with echographic predilection about the typeof the lesion based on three parameters measured by ultrasound including: content, outline, and the vascularity. Theechographic diagnosis was compared to the final histopathological and /or surgical findings obtained from theperiapical surgeries.Results: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis were respectively as follow: for periapicalcyst, they were 92.3%, 96.1%, and 95.3%. While for periapical granulomam, they were 87.0%, 92.7%, and 90.6%. Formixed lesions, they were 66.7%, 98.4%, and 96.9% and lastly for periapical abscess, they were 92.0%, 97.4%, and 95.3%.The ultrasound diagnosis in our study had an overall agreement of 89% between ultrasound diagnosis and finaldiagnosis based on histopathological and/ or surgical findings.Conclusion: Ultrasound is a non- invasive, low cost, and complementary method for examination and diagnosis ofperiapical lesions and there is correlation of ultrasonographic findings with histopathological and /or surgical findingsfor final diagnosis.


Article
Periapical granuloma: radiological, histopathological, and bacteriological examination

Authors: Helme A AL-TAEE --- Abbas F AL-TAEE --- Mahmood Y TAHA
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 189-200
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Fifty patients with periapical granuloma were studied. Radiological examination showed radiolucent lesion associated with the root apex less than 1 cm in diameter. Histological examination of the lesion showed typical features of periapical granuloma as described by WHO. While bacteriologically, periapical granuloma was sterile


Article
Breast Lesions During Pregnancy Diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology

Authors: Sazan A. M. Al-Atrooshi --- Lubab Fadhil Talal
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 184-190
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The breast functions as a secretory gland during pregnancy due to the interaction of estrogen and progesterone, where the secretory unit is the lobule.OBJECTIVE:Is to highlight breast lesions during pregnancy and to show the importance of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of these breast lesions.PATIENTS AND METHOD:This study was carried out within the Main Referral Training Center for Early Detection of Breast Tumors, Medical City Teaching Hospital, Baghdad (from the beginning of May 2006 till the end of August 2008). Fifty eight pregnant ladies presenting with different breast lesions were included, all were subjected to physical breast examination, ultrasonography of the breast and fine needle aspiration with 10 ml disposable syringe (20-22 gauge), spread on glass slides and fixed in 95% alcohol, stained with Pap stain and examined under light microscope.RESULT:Clinicopathological study of 58 pregnant ladies presented with breast lesions including the age (range between 17-42 years), chief complaint (pain 10(17.2%)cases, mass 30(51.8%) cases, discharge 3(5.2%) cases, painful mass 11(18.9%) cases, axillary mass 3(5.2%) cases and pain and discharge in 1(1.7%) case) , site of the lesion (left side 24(41.4%) cases, right side 27(46.5%) cases and bilateral in 7(12.1%) cases.), the time of presentation during pregnancy (first trimester 19(32.8%) cases, second trimester 26(44.8%) and third trimester 13(22.4%) cases.) Our results show that breast lesions presented during pregnancy were benign in 54 (93.1%) cases, and malignant in 4 (6.9%) cases (all were breast carcinoma), the benign lesions include: fibroadenoma 15(25.9%) cases, inflammatory lesions 13(22.4%) cases, galactocele 8(13.8%) cases, fibrocystic changes 6(10.3%) cases, pregnancy related changes 5(8.6%) cases, lactating adenoma 3(5.2%) cases, 2(3.5%) cases lipoma, and papilloma one (1.7%) case , and one case was diagnosed as accessory axillary breast tissue.CONCLUSION:The majority of breast lesions during pregnancy are benign; however, a small percentage of these lesions prove to be malignant. Aspiration cytology has a place in the work up of abnormal areas found in pregnant breasts but an experienced cytologist with knowledge of the clinical setting is required.


Article
The Corellation Between the Clinical Diagnosis & Histopathological Findings of Placental Abruption

Authors: Miami A. Ali, --- Thaeer Jawad
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 329-334
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:The diagnosis of placental abruption is mostly clinical, histopathological diagnosis is poorlysensitive. Acute and chronic inflammatory processes had been proposed to cause placentalabruption evidences that supports this remains sparse OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation between the clinical diagnosis and histopathological findings ofplacental abruption and to examine the profile of chronic and acute histological lesions associatedwith clinical abruption. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The study included fifty singleton pregnant women with a suspected clinical diagnosis of placental abruption compared to fifty consecutive normal pregnancies ( control group), attendingAL -Yarmouk Teaching Hospital over a period of twelve months, from the first of April 2010 tothe end of march 2011 . Examination of the concordance between clinical indicators for placentalabruption with those of a histological diagnosis was done. The profile of acute and chroniclesions was also examined histopathologically. RESULTS: Among the fifty clinically diagnosed placental abruption cases , thirteen percent (fifteen patients)were confirmed as placental abruption based on gross and histological findings . The mostcommon indication leading to a clinical diagnosis of abruption was evidence of retroplacentalclot(s) or bleeding . Acute lesions that were associated with abruption with confirmed pathologyincluded chorioamnionitis , and chorionic villous hemorrhage . Among the chronic lesions,chronic deciduitis, decidul vasculopathy, & dysmaturation were associated with pathologicallyconfirmed placental abruption. CONCLUSION: The relation between clinical & histological diagnosis of placental abruption remains weak. Acute and chronic histological lesions were observed more frequently in placentas of pregnanciescomplicated by placental abruption than the control cases

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