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Oral hygiene practices and self-perceived halitosis among dental students

Author: Ghufran A. Hasan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 3 Pages: 58-62
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Halitosis represents a common dental condition, although sufferers are often not conscious of it. It iscommon among humans around the world and is usually caused by an accumulation of bacteria in the mouth as aresult of gum disease, food, or plaque. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of oral hygiene practices,smoking habits and halitosis among undergraduate dental students and correlate the oral hygiene practices, oralhealth conditions to the prevalence of self perceived oral malodor.Materials and Methods: Clinical examination of 250 dental students and a self-administered questionnaire wereincluded in this study. A questionnaire was developed to assess the self-reported perception of oral breath,awareness of bad breath, timing of bad breath, oral hygiene practices, caries and bleeding gums, dryness of themouth, smoking and tongue coating.Results: The results indicated that female students had better oral hygiene practices. Significantly less self-reportedoral bad breath (P = 0.000) was found in female dental students (40%) as compared to male (70%). It was found thatsmoking had statistically highly significant correlation with halitosis (P = 0.000). Presence of other oral conditions suchas dental caries and filled carious lesions also showed higher prevalence of halitosis in dental students.Conclusion Oral hygiene practices and oral health conditions are very important factors in halitosis. Femalesexhibited better oral hygiene practices and less prevalence of halitosis as compared to male students


Article
Isolation and Identification of Microorganisms from Patients with Halitosis
عزل وتشخيص الجراثيم من المرضى المصابين ببخر الفم

Authors: Ghada Y. Abdul-Rahman غادة يونس عبد الرحمن --- Rafit J. Al-Adole رافد الدولة
Journal: Rafidain journal of science مجلة علوم الرافدين ISSN: 16089391 Year: 2018 Volume: 27 Issue: 5E-Microbiology Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Twenty-eight patients suffering from oral halitosis were subjected to this study (14 males and 14 females), their ages range between 18 to 65 years were diagnosed clinically. Ninety-five samples were collected by sterile paper points (size 50) or sterile cotton swab and transported in thioglycolate broth and cultured on blood agar in aerobic or anaerobic conditions for (48-72 hours), the identification of the bacteria was carried out using morphological and cultural characteristics, biochemical tests and antibiotics susceptibility tests. The results showed that 13 different bacterial species isolated in this study ((Bacteriodes spp. (14 isolate), Viridans Streptococci (10 isolates), Peptostreptococci spp. (9 isolates), Actinomyces spp. (6 isolates), Porphyromonas spp. (4 isolates), Fusobacterium spp. (4 isolates), Veillonella spp. (4 isolates), Non.coagulase Staphylococcus (3 isolates) Prevotella spp (one isolate), Propinobacterium spp. (one isolate) Tetragenococci spp. (one isolate), Eubacterium spp. (one isolate), and Staphylococcus aureus (one isolate). The conclusion is the dominance of different genera and species of anaerobic bactria in cases of halitosis.

تم تشخيص ثمانية وعشرون شخصا من الذين يعانون من بخر الفم بالفحص السريري ) 11 ذكر و 11 أنثى( وتت ا روحأعمارهم بين ) 56 11 ( سنة. و جمعت تسع وخمسون عينة باستعمال الرؤوس الورقية المعقمة )حجم 65 ( أو مسحات قطنية -معقمة ثم نقمها في مرق thioglycolate وزرعت عمى وسط اكار الدم في ظروف هوائية أو لاهوائية لمدة ) 11 - 77 ( ساعة وتمتشخيص الج ا رثيم اعتمادا عمى الخصائص الشكمية والصفات الزرعية واختبا ا رت الحساسية لممضادات الحيوية. تم عزل وتشخيصثلاثة عشر نوعا من الج ا رثيم ) أربعة عشر عزلة من جنس Bacteriodes ، عشر عزلات من جنس Viridans Streptococci تسع عزلات من جنس Peptostreptococus ، ست عزلات من جنس Actinomyces ، اربع عزلات منجنس Porphymonos اربع عزلات من جنس Fusobacterium ، اربع عزلات من جنس Veillonella ، ثلاث عزلات منجنس Non-coagulase Staphylococcus . وعزلة من جنس Prevotella ، وعزلة من جنس Propinobacterium ، وعزلةمن جنس Tetragenococci ، وعزلة من جنس Eubacterium ، وعزلة من جنس Staphylococcus aureus

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