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Article
Fungi from the Tidal Zone of Khawr AL-Zubair Canal Southern Iraq

Author: S. K. Abdullah, A. H. Al-Saadoon and M. H. Al-Salihy
Journal: Marsh Bulletin مجلة الاهوار ISSN: 18169848 Year: 2007 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 18-31
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

A survey on the filamentous microfungi inhabiting soil and mud of the tidal zone of Khawr Al-Zubair canal, Southern Iraq was conducted. A total of 144 species belonging to 61 genera were encountered from 99 soil and mud samples collected from different distances from the water edge. The isolates were assigned to 107 species of mitosporic fungi, 29 species of ascomycotina and 8 species of zygomycotina. Tidal zone of Khawr Al- Zubair supported a diverse species belonging to the genera Alternaria , Aspergillus (11 species for each),Bipolaris (8 species),Chaetomium, Curvularia,Ulocladium (7 species for each) , Stachybotrys (6 species)and Exserohilum (5 species). Eight species of marine fungi were isolated viz: Camarosporium roumerguerii, Exserohilum rostratum, Leptosphaeria sp., Monodictys pelagica, Trichocladium constrictum, T. ochrasporum,Zalerion martimum and Z.varium. There is apparently no characteristic fungal flora for tidal zoneof Khawr Al-Zubair canal except for frequent isolation of some well known marine species.

Keywords

marine fungi --- tidal zone --- soil fungi --- Iraq


Article
Aquatic fungi of Iraq: A review

Author: Tawfik M. Muhsin توفيق محسن
Journal: Marsh Bulletin مجلة الاهوار ISSN: 18169848 Year: 2012 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 39-47
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

In this review the past and updated contributions on aquatic fungi in Iraq are provided. Up to date, 29 species of freshwater fungi (water molds) belong to the order Saprolegniales (Oomycota) were recorded and represented by four genera namely; Achlya, (11 species), Dictyuchus (6 species), Calyptralegnia (2 species) and Saprolegnia (10 species) and two species of Olpidium (Chytridiomycota). These fungi were isolated mainly from waters of Shatt Al-Arab River and its creeks in Basrah. While 33 species of marine fungi have been recorded and isolated from various submerged wood and dead plants in saline and freshwater of southern Iraq. Literatures concerning the ecological investigations on aquatic fungi in this region were also cited in this review.

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