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Article
Perceptions of Seniors Toward Nosocomial Infections at College of Medicine Babylon

Author: Kareem Abed Mobashr
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 758-767
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of medical students toward nosocomial infections, in addition to, evaluation Curriculum through advising information of some items regarding HCAIs(Healthcare-associated infections) from which the medical students received their knowledge during college's study. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was carried out on the final year medical students from College of Medicine, which included (106) students, at University of Babylon (Babil -Iraq) in 2013.An anonymous questionnaire consisted of four sections, with 30 items. Students’ knowledge section was designed to explore students' knowledge toward nosocomial infections, while another section was designed to gather information about student's behavior, to explore student attitudes toward precautionary guidelines and perception of the risk of acquiring healthcare-associated infections by multiples questions and to evaluate advising information of some items on healthcare-associated infections for students. The Chi-square test was used for significance, a P-value (<0.05) is considered statistically significant and p <0.01 is considered highly significant. Results: The study showed the overall average of the medical students' knowledge was (68.34%) about healthcare-associated infections, however, the knowledge regarding specific areas was weak, particularly concerning the risk of transmission of infection to the hospital personnel (41.5%) and stethoscopeas a potential source of infections (43.86%). In general, their behaviors were adequate (69.38%) to reduce the risk of infections, whereas, wearing protective materials when contact with patient sometimes were only (49.06%) of them do that. Generally the attitudes were positive (68.68%).Females had (48.87%) better attitudes than males (19.81%). Advising information about some items of healthcare-associated infectionsare generally acceptable (50, 65%), however, about (39.62 %) of the students sometimes have been advised toward safety intravenous inserted devices and only (22.16 %) of them have been advised about stethoscope cleaning.Conclusions: The students have adequate knowledge, positive attitudes and adequate behaviors to reduce nosocomial infections; however, advising information about some items of healthcare-associated infectionswas generally acceptable. These findings emphasize the need of stressing on education about this sort of infections in the health care curricula.


Article
Toward Iraqi National Medical Licensing Examination

Authors: Ashoor R Sarhat --- Sarab K. Abedalrahman
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 77-84
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Many factors that necessitate the need for a national medical licensing examination in Iraq, and these are the following; the rapid increase in the number of medical schools and their students, the expected influx of Iraqi and foreign medical graduates from foreign countries to work in Iraq especially after 2003. The expected increasing number of students and award of scholarships to increasing numbers of students to study medicine in various countries with the absence of published national guidelines for minimal acceptable competencies of a medical graduate are of driving forces for this examination. This article is to discuss the need for consensus of lists of competencies that a graduating medical student is expected to master in order to practice medicine, and then to design national licensing examinations to address these different competencies.


Article
What it means to do Pharmacology Curriculum Delivery in a College of Medicine: An Experience of 20 Years
ماذا يعني عمل إلقاء منهاج الفارماكولوجي في كلية طب: خبرة عشرون عاماً

Author: Majid A. K. Lafi د. مجيد عبد الكريم لافي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 141-146
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The pharmacology curriculum at the colleges of medicine of the Iraqi universities is drug-group based one and undergoes a revision by a national meeting of Deans and Heads of departments of the colleges of medicine convenes every five years in Baghdad, the last meeting was held in 2002. It is taught the third year of six-year MBChB course, adopting the traditional teaching system with theory (didactic-lecture style) 90 hours, practical 60 hours and discussion 30 hours. The purpose of this work is to report my personal experience in delivering the pharmacology curriculum at the College of Medicine, University of AL-Anbar. Curricular Modes of Learning: formal lectures (traditional didactic lecture-style); practical: actual practical sessions (performed by students), demonstration sessions (Demonstrated by the teaching staff), video sessions, seminars; tutorials; free discussions, pharmacological key issues, and medical problems. Assessment: continuous (tutor review in the tutorial process) and formal (occurs by examination at mid and end of year) It is concluded that 1. Tutorial instructional activities foster better knowledge understanding and skills learning which enhance the ability in reflective practice and in turn eventual self-learning. 2. During the tutorial process, student-generated learning issues may arise as interactional gain from the tutorial to be reviewed by the teaching staff to incorporate modification in the future curricular modes of learning. 3. A better motivation and learning is achieved when interfacing both pharmacology and pathophysiology in the learning process. Appropriate recommendations have been presented. Key words: Medical Education, Passive learning, Tutorial-based learning

إن منهاج الفارماكولوجي في كليات الطب للجامعات العراقية يتبنى مبدأ المجموعة الدوائية و يخضع للمراجعة من قبل اجتماع وطني توافقي لعمداء ورؤساء الأقسام في كليات الطب والذي يُعقد كل خمس سنوات في بغداد. وقد عُقد الاجتماع الأخير في عام 2002. إن مدة الدراسة لنيل درجة البكلوريوس في الطب والجراحة (MBChB) هي ست سنوات ولا تتطلب مؤهلات خاصة سابقة لكلية الطب. الفارماكولوجي يُدرس في السنة الثالثة من منهاج الست سنوات، ومتبنياً لنظام التدريس التقليدي و النظري (اسلوب المحاضرات) 90 ساعة للنظري، و 60 ساعة للعملي و 30 ساعة مناقشة. إن الغرض من هذه الدراسة هو لإبداء و إظهار خبرتي الشخصية في إلقاء منهاج الفارماكولوجي في كلية الطب، جامعة الأنبار. أساليب منهج التعلم: المحاضرات (اسلوب المحاضرات التقليدية النظرية) وللمحاضرات العملية: جلسات عملية فعلية (تؤدى من قبل الطلبة) وجلسات تظاهرية (تؤدى من قبل الهيئة التدريسية)، جلسات فيديو, سمينرات و مناقشات حرة وفترات تدريسية لمجموعة صغيرة من الطلبة، المبادئ الرئيسية في الفارماكولوجي، والمشاكل الطبية. التقييم: مستمر (بشكل عملية مراجعة) و بصورة رسمية من قبل الكادر التدريسي (ويحدث ذلك من خلال الامتحانات في منتصف ونهاية السنة).وقد استنتج و توصل البحث إلى إن 1- النشاطات التعليمية التي تكون بتوجيه المدرس المعني تعزز المعرفة و الفهم الجيدين ومهارات التعلم والتي تقوي القدرة في الممارسة الانعكاسية وبالمقابل تصبح تعلماً ذاتياً فعلياً. 2- أثناء عملية وفترة تدريس مجموعة صغيرة من الطلبة، فأن قضايا و مسائل التعلم التي تتولد عند الطلبة قد تثار باعتبارها كسب تفاعلي ناتج عن فترة تدريس مجموعة صغيرة من الطلبة و تخضع للمراجعة والتنقيح من قبل الهيئة التدريسية لإجراء التعديل المطلوب في أساليب المنهج المستقبلي للتعلم. 3- لقد تم إنجاز تعلم فاعل و جيد بإحداث تداخل لكلٍ من الفارماكولوجي و الفسلجة و الباثولوجي في عملية التعلم. وقد قدمت بعض التوصيات المناسبة


Article
Assessing Computer Skills and attitudes toward electronic learing and internet use in a sample of third year medical students of baghdad medical college- iraq.

Author: Ahmed. S.Al naaimi احمد النعيمي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 60-64
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract


Article
Pattern of Internet Use Among Medical Students in Hawler Medical University in Erbil Kurdistan Region

Author: Haitham Issa Bahoo Al – Banna
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 443-449
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The use of computer and internet by people in all walks of life increase day by day, The internet plays a crucial role in access to information resources especially for medical students. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of current study is to determine the pattern of internet use among Hawler medical university students .METHODS:A cross sectional study started between 10/4-8/5/2014 involve 400 undergraduate students in four colleges of Hawler medical university. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and open-info version 2.3 to find the association between variables at p value ≤ 0.05 to be significant.RESULTS :Out of 400 students, 298(74.5%) use internet daily,252(63%) of users were females.192(48%) were from first stage,372(93%) access internet at home ,235(58%) connecting to internet using either smart phone or personal laptop,225(56%) of students fathers and 166(41.5%) of mothers educational level were college degree. 313(78.3%) of students were from families with medium socioeconomic status ,335(84%) preferred facebook sector of internet,145(36.%)thought that internet interfere negatively with their study,213 (53%) want and 120(30%) want strongly to use internet in medical education in future..The main barriers to internet use is time constraints 280(70%) while only 48(12%) report poor computer and internet skills .CONCLUSION :It was seen that there is under utilization of the potential of internet resources to augment learning. Increase awareness is mandatory for correct manner of better utilization of internet resources in medical education.


Article
Assessment of current situation of medical education in the College of Medicine-University of Baghdad

Authors: Salah M. Tajer --- Omar S. Khattab
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 4 Pages: 451-455
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The most important advances in medical education in the last decade are the shift in focus from learning objectives to learning outcomes. The advantages of active over passive learning are researched-based. The aim of this study was to evaluate the students reading habits; utilization of lectures, group study, resources utilized during study, and if there is a need to change the curriculum.
Methods: A prospective study was done in Medical City Teaching Hospital, from January 2007 to January 2008, including 438 students from the college of medicine, university of Baghdad. A questionnaire consist of 28 questions was given to them. These questionnaire elicited responses regarding reading habits, utilization of lectures, group study, and resources utilized during study. The t-test was used for statistical analysis, the results were considered significant if P value < 0.05.
Results: In this study students were dependant on passive learning mainly. There was greater use of the lecture notes, and less use of library, textbooks,
Journals and online sources. The willing of the students to have active learning was significant (P value < 0.05)
Conclusion: We would like to conclude that teaching methods are changing, and we should consider that in our curriculum, we should concentrate on active learning. There is a public expectation that we, in the academic and clinical community, will produce safe, ethical and professional doctors.


Article
Validation of dundee ready education environment measure (DREEM) in Basrah college of medicine
تطبيق مقياس دندي الجاهز للبيئة الأكاديمية في كلية طب البصرة

Author: 1Hamid Abdulwahab, 2Abdulamer Abdulbari
Journal: The Medical Journal of Basrah University المجلة الطبية لجامعة البصرة ISSN: 02530759 Year: 2014 Volume: 32 Issue: 2 Pages: 63-69
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Background: The educational environment has a major impact on students' learning and educational activity hence it is important for evaluation and description. The objective of this study was to explore the quality of the educational environment in Basra College of Medicine. Methods: The Arabic translation of the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) was used to evaluate students' perception of the educational environment. Results: The overall mean score was 93.57 and that for students' perceptions of learning 23.89, students' perceptions of teachers 16, students' academic self-perception 15.53, students' perception of atmosphere 20.5, and students' social self-perception 13.61. Gender was not statistically significant variable. Conclusion: All results in every parameter of the educational environment inventory, whether total mean score or the five subscales, show presence of low values probably related to the traditional system of teaching which need consideration and solutions.

الخلفية: تؤثر البيئة التعليمية بشكل كبيرعلى تعلم الطلاب و فعالياتهم المختلفة ومن هنا تنبثق أهمية تقييمها ووصفها. و الغرض من هذه الدراسة هو استطلاع البيئة التعليمية في كلية طب البصرة.الطريقة: أستخدمت الترجمة العربية لمقياس دندي للبيئة التعليمية لتقييم أدراك الطلبة لهذه البيئة في كلية طب البصرة. حيث تم توزيع قائمة الأسئلة أو الأستبيان على طلبة المرحلة الرابعة و كانت المشاركة طوعية بعد شرح أهمية المشاركة في هذا البحث.النتائج: عدد المشاركين في البحث 91 طالبا حيث تم تحليل أستبياناتهم فكان المقدارالكمي الكلي لمقياس دندي 93.57 وبلغ أنطباع الطلاب عن العملية التعليمية 23.89، وأنطباع الطلاب عن التدريسيين 16، أنطباع الطلاب عن التعلم الذاتي 15.53، أنطباع الطلاب عن الجو التعليمي 20.5، أنطباع الطلاب الذاتي عن الأوضاع الأجتماعية 13.61. لم يكن هناك فرق أحصائي مهم بين الجنسين.ألاستنتاج : أظهرت كل النتائج سواء المعدل الكلي العام أو معدل الفروع الخمسة وجود نواقص تحتاج الى تدارك و حلول.


Article
Future Objectives of Medical Sciences Curricula in View of Globalization and the Revolution in Technology of Information: Physiology and Pharmacology as Models
الأهداف المستقبلية لطرائق تدريس العلوم الطبية في ضوء العولمة والثورة المعلوماتية المعاصرة – نموذج علمي الفسيولوجي والفارماكولوجي

Author: Imad Hatim Rashid عماد حاتم رشيد
Journal: Al-Ma'mon College Journal مجلة كلية المامون ISSN: 19924453 Year: 2012 Issue: 20 Pages: 27-48
Publisher: AlMamon University College كلية المامون الجامعة

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Abstract

Objectives: The study attempted to highlight the importance of reassessing current objectives and approaches of learning policies in general, and of medical education in particular, in view of the impacts of globalization and the explosive development in communications and the technology. Study: Pedagogy of the twenty first century based on many principles of which, a new learning environment, novel learning approaches, self-active learning, and life-long learning. The literature on this issue revealed globally that, last decade saw dramatic changes in medical education at least in two issues. The first, involves the learning ways, from the CL approach of physiology and pharmacology education into a PBL approach first, then implementation and training in conjunction with PBL of EBM principles to create therapeutic guidelines for medical practitioners. The 2nd issue includes reassessing most of the medical curricula, through a universal reshuffle process of the syllabus of medical subjects; to determine the resources needed for preparing of expertise, establishments, and techniques, that are necessary for a real medical education. Conclusion: the authorities, both of undergraduate and higher education, invited kindly to organize a workshop meeting for their cadres to start a national, crucial and necessary steps towards the remodeling of learning strategies.

تهدف الورقة البحث في الأهداف المستقبلية لمناهج العلوم الطبية في ظل تحديات تمليها مخاطر عدة ابرزها عصر العولمة وارباكات افرازات ثورة المعلومات والاتصالات ذات الوتيرة المتلاحقة والمتصاعدة , وتتضمن خمسة محاور تتناول:المحور الاول: يتناول مقدمة في الواقع الراهن للمناهج الطبية الراهن, واستعراضاً عاماً لاهداف البحث, وتحديداً لمشكلته.المحور الثاني: يتناول تحديد طبيعة التحديات التي تواجه العملية التعليمية عامة والتعليم الطبي خاصة, والتعريف بابرز هذه التحديات في عصر الثورة المعلوماتية واثرالقيم المعلوماتية كقوة محركة وراء المعلومات وتطور اﻟﻤﺠتمع وما أحدثته من تغيرات في مجال التربية والتعليم بشكل عام مع استعراض الخلفيات الفلسفية والاجتماعية والاقتصادية والسياسية التي زامنت الثورة التقنية والمعلوماتية المعاصرة التي نشاْت العولمة في كنفيها , وأثر تلك في صنع نظريات التعلم واْستراتيجيات التعليم الحديثة.المحور الثالث: يتناول استجابة المؤسسات التعليمية الدولية والاقليمية والدراسات التي تناولت تعليم المستقبل للتحديات, والاهداف التعليمية التي طرحتها كبديل عملي لهذه التحديات .المحور الرابع: يتناول أهداف مناهج العلوم الطبية, متضمنًا خصائص الأهداف من واقعية , وتكامل وشمول وتنوع وتناسق ومرونة والقدرة على الترجمة ..الخ , والركائز الأساسية لهذه الأهداف (المتمثلة في الفرد واﻟﻤﺠتمع وطبيعة المادة), والاتجاهات العلمية والتربوية المعاصرة لها. وكذلك يتضمن الأسس العامة لبناء أهداف مستقبلية لمناهج علوم طبية تواكب التغيرات المعلوماتية المعاصرة والعناصر المساعدة لتحقيق ذلك.المحور الخامس: يتناول بعض تجارب الدول المتقدمة في استحداث مناهج تعليم علمي الفسلجة الطبية والادوية, في ضوء الحاجة الى منهجية جديدة في التعليم الطبي لها القدرة على مواجهة متغيرات العصر. كما يتضمن تقديم جملة من الاستنتاجات والمعايير والتوصيات التي تحكم التوجهات المحلية على طريق مواكبة التغييرات الدولية الحتمية

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