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Article
Correlation between the progress of civilization in the time of the Abbasid state and the evolution of the sport movement
الترابط بين التقدم الحضاري في زمن الدولة العباسية وتطور الحركة الرياضية

Author: Ismail Khalil Ibrahim إسماعيل خليل إبراهيم
Journal: Sciences Journal Of Physical Education مجلة علوم التربية الرياضية ISSN: 19920695 Year: 2007 Volume: خاص بالمؤتمر Issue: جزء اول Pages: 144-160
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Correlation between the progress of civilization in the time of the Abbasid state and the evolution of the sport movementA. M. Dr. Ismail Khalil IbrahimResearch Summary That stand on the areas of interdependence between the progress of civilization in the time of the Abbasid state and the evolution of the sports movement is a matter of the utmost importance if we want to clarify the role of sport in the construction of civilization. The research aims to identify the aspects of the development of civilization in the time of the Abbasid state and areas of interdependence between cultural progress and the status of the development of the sport movement. The problem was a lack of research in the library to sports studies and research on site sports movement in the march of progress of civilization has been achieved in the time of the Abbasid state. And referred the researcher to progress in the fields of science, philosophy, industry, thought, literature and economics, which represent the pillars of the development of civilization, and pointed to the role of philosophers in the promotion of the status of sport and show its importance and its benefits and what tool that role in increasing turnout general public and the elite it. It also touched on the sports games that were practiced in the time of the Abbasid state Calverosah, horse racing and scepter, chess, swimming and wrestling ... Etc.. The researcher pointed to the factors and objectives of the scientific development and the development of sport both on the unit, as well as areas of interdependence between them. He also pointed out some important areas in the march of the sports movement and saw that it must be known to, arbitration, such as training, management, regulation and education of children and boys. And the researcher to several conclusions, including:- The main purposes for which the sport was practiced in the time of the Abbasid state is military purposes, educational, health and recreation.- The development of medicine and pharmacy knowledge and contributed to the diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries.- That of the philosophers, doctors, first to clarify the importance of play, movement and sport for individuals in general and the children, boys in particular.

الترابط بين التقدم الحضاري في زمن الدولة العباسية وتطور الحركة الرياضيةأ.م.د إسماعيل خليل إبراهيم ملخص البحث ان الوقوف على مجالات الترابط بين التقدم الحضاري في زمن الدولة العباسية وتطور الحركة الرياضية هو امر على قدر من الاهمية اذا ما اردنا توضيح دور الرياضة في البناء الحضاري . ويهدف البحث الى التعرف على جوانب التطور الحضاري في زمن الدولة العباسية ومجالات الترابط بين التقدم الحضاري وما وصلت اليه الحركة الرياضية من تطور . وتمثلت مشكلة البحث في افتقار المكتبة الرياضية الى الدراسات والبحوث التي تتناول موقع الحركة الرياضية في مسيرة التقدم الحضاري الذي تحقق في زمن الدولة العباسية . و تطرق الباحث الى التطور في مجالات العلوم والفلسفة والصناعة والفكر والادب والاقتصاد لكونها تمثل مرتكزات التطور الحضاري ، واشار الى دور الفلاسفة في تعزيز مكانة الرياضة وتبيان اهميتها وفوائدها وما اداه ذلك الدور في زيادة اقبال عامة الناس وخاصتهم عليها . كما تطرق الى اللعبات الرياضية التي مورست في زمن الدولة العباسية كالفروسية وسباق الخيل والصولجان والشطرنج والسباحة والمصارعة ... الخ . واشار الباحث الى عوامل ومرتكزات التطور العلمي والتطور الرياضي كلا على حدة ، فضلا عن مجالات الترابط بينهما . واشار ايضا الى بعض المجالات المهمة في مسيرة الحركة الرياضية والتي رأى انها لابد وان عرفتها كالتدريب والتحكيم والادارة والتنظيم وتعليم الاطفال والصبيان . وتوصل الباحث الى استنتاجات عديدة ، منها : - ان الاغراض الرئيسة التي مورست الرياضة من اجلها في زمن الدولة العباسية هي الاغراض العسكرية والتربوية والصحية والترويحية . - ان تطور الطب والصيدلة ساهم في معرفة وتشخيص وعلاج الاصابات الرياضية .- ان للفلاسفة والاطباء السبق في توضيح اهمية اللعب والحركة والرياضة للافراد عموما وللاطفال والصبيان بشكل خاص .


Article
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF UPWARD PATELLAR FIXATION OF IN BUFFALOES OF BASRAH PROVINCE
العلاج الجراحي لانزلاق الرضفة في الجاموس

Author: Abdalbari A. alfars عبدا لباري عباس الفارس
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: 18138497 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 25-29
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

A study was conducted on 65 clinical cases of upward fixation of patella of she buffaloes treated during the last years(2000 - 2006). The occurrence of the disease with respect to species and season were documented Buffaloes suffering from jerky movement during flexion to complete immobilization of the joint. Since the animal fixes its( limb in extension ) while the patella glides up over the trochela. All Buffaloes were affected with upward fixation of the patella in one back leg. After medial patellar desmotomy, buffaloes become health sound and returned in stride normal. The purpose of this study was to treat and report for the first in literature of upward fixation in buffaloes in Basra provinces.Alternatively tying the animals to a wheel of a bullock cart also resulted in good control of animals under field conditions.

تم في هذه الدراسة تسجيل (65) حالة لأناث جاموس مصاب بانزلاق الرضفة , وكانت تعاني من وجود صوت مرتج في مفصل العرقوب إثناء المشي وبعد الاستراحة مباشرة . وقد لوحظ إن الرباط ثابت في حالة الحركة ولكن الرضفة تنزلق فوق المفصل البكري . وان جميع الحيوانات كانت مصابة بأحد الأطراف الخلفية , وبعد قطع الرباط الرضفي ألأنسي عادت الحيوانات إلى الوضعية السوية

Keywords

Upwards --- Jerky movement --- Patella.


Article
DETECTION OF CILIARY ACTIVITY FOLLOWING VACCINATION WITH 3 COMMERITIAL INFECTIOUS BRONCHITIS VACCINES IN BROILER BIRDS

Authors: Alaa Ismail Saood --- Ali A. S.Al-Mayah
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: 18138497 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 92-106
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate whether different types of InfectiousBronchitis Virus vaccines can affect the cilia of tracheal epithelium of broiler birds, incomparison with Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza Vaccines. as positive control.Sixty one-day-old broiler birds of both sexes were used in this experiment. The birdwere randomly divided in to six groups of ten birds each. Each group was placed in aseparated pin.One of these groups,Group 6 was acted as negative control,whereas theother 5groups were vaccinated with ND, AI and 3 type of IB vaccines. Age, dose androute of administration of different type of vaccines were conducted according to themanufactures directions. Group 1 was vaccinated with ND vaccine at seventh &seventeenth day of age , group 2 was vaccinated with AIV vaccine at first & twenty oneday of age , these 2 groups were acted as positive control .Group 3,4,5, were vaccinatedat first&tenth day of age with different types of IB vaccines . BIVAC1 was used forgroup 3, IBMA5 was used for vaccination of group 4, whereas IB-H120 vaccine wasadministrated to group 5 . Four days post vaccination; all groups were observed forclinical signs. All experimental birds were killed and tracheal rings were examined forciliostasis and Carboniferous Pigment Granules test. The result indicated that group NDvaccineswas 95%, while that of group AI vaccines was 93% whereas the results of these3 types of vaccines were 21%, 33%, 20% for BIVAC1, IBMA5 &IBH120 respectively,while the control was 100% .


Article
Biological evaluation of alveolar bone remodeling in methylprednisolone treated –rats during orthodontic tooth movement

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Abstract

Background: Bone remodeling and metabolism associated with orthodontic tooth movement are regulated by alarge number of local and systemic factors. The widespread useof therapeutic corticosteroids (GCs) today raiseconcerns with regard to their effects on mineralized tissue metabolism. This study aimed to investigate the effect ofMethylprednisolone treatment on alveolar bone remodeling during orthodontic tooth movement.Materials and Methods: A twenty-six 12-weeks old male Wistar albino rats were divided into 2 groups; control group (n= 13) without any drug administration during the study and steroidal group (n = 13) which received 5 mg/kg/day ofmethylprednisolone for 3 weeks. A split- mouth design was used performing orthodontic tooth movement on theupper right 1st molar by applying 20 g of mesial force using superelastic closed-coil spring attached to the incisors for21 days while the upper left side served as the non-appliance side. Orthodontic tooth movement was evaluated onweekly basis using digital caliber. The rats were sacrificed after 3 weeks and alveolar bone remodeling process wasevaluated by counting the number of osteoblast and osteoclast cells at the compression and tension sites at thecoronal and apical levels of the mesiobuccal root of upper 1st molar in both appliance and non-appliance sidesusing digital microscope at 400~ magnification. At day of sacrifice serum measurements for alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and acid phosphatase (ACP) activity were carried out.Results: Showed that in the steroid group there was significantly greater amount of orthodontic tooth movement,greater reduction of bone formation and an increase in bone resorption with the presence of orthodonticappliance, increase in serum ACP activity and reduction of serum ALP activity as compared with the controlgroup,(P . 0.05).Conclusion: The Methylprednisolone therapy in low-medium doses elicits a noticeable change in the bone turnoverrate during orthodontic tooth movement


Article
Verbs of Movement
حركات الأفعال

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One of the difficulties in dealing with spatial concepts is that most languages distinguish formally between static location and motion or direction, but that they do not do so consistently. Sometimes the same form may have both a locative and directional sense; sometime there are distinct forms of each. This research tends to highlight a basic topic in grammar books, especially books that deal with usage and communicative grammar. It tries to collect the verbs that their meanings imply the concept of movement (motion). In English the verb is a word which (a) occurs as part of the predicate of a sentence (b) carries markers of grammatical categories such as tense, aspect, person, number and mood, and (c) refers to an action or state


Article
The Development of the Political Movement in Bahrain 1992-2002
تطور الحركة السياسية في البحرين 1992-2002

Author: Sawsan Jabar Abd Al-Rahman سوسن جبار عبد الرحمن
Journal: College Of Basic Education Researches Journal مجلة ابحاث كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 19927452 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 777-802
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Bahrain gained its dependence in 1971 and a new political stage has been started which was represented by issuing the constitution of 1973 beside forming the council of ministers and the national council. However, that had not continued only for two years where the constitution was suspended and the national council was dissolved; that situation was as an early retrogression for the state where the country experienced the growing of national movement that opposed the government's decisions and emergence of parties and societies such as (the constitutional movement). After the second Golf war (1990-1991) the opposition movements stressed on the importance of the constitution as a sole and accepted base for politics and focused on restoration of the previous representative bodies like the Bahrain national council through the petitions that have been submitted to the ruling regime. They were concentrated primary on enlarging the range of political participation and considering consultation the main base for democracy. In spite of the positive developments that enhanced democracy and which have been occurred precisely since taking waters of governance by Sheikh Hamad Bin Issa in Bahrain in 1999, the political stability has not been achieved; so he issued a new constition in 2002 that aimed to adapt to internal pressures which were encountered by the country. The country remained to suffer from the traditional problems especially the political sectarianism that had spread in the country beside the absolute control by the government over the political bodies.

حصلت البحرين على استقلالها عام 1971، وبدأت مرحلة من التحولات السياسية، تمثلت في صدور دستور عام 1973، وتشكيل مجلس الوزراء والمجلس الوطني، إلا أن ذلك لم يستمر سوى عامين، إذ عُطل العمل بالدستور وتم حل المجلس الوطني، فكان ذلك بمثابة انتكاسة مبكرة للعملية الدستورية، شهدت البلاد على أثرها نمو الحركة السياسية المعارضة لقرارات الحكومة وانبثاق الأحزاب والأندية النيابية ومنها (الحركة الدستورية). أكدت تحركات المعارضة، في مرحلة ما بعد حرب الخليج الثانية 1990-1991، على أهمية الدستور كقاعدة وحيدة مقبولة للسياسة، وتركزت على إعادة الهيئات التمثيلية السابقة، كالمجلس الوطني البحريني عن طريق العناصر والفئات التي تقدمت بالعرائض للنظام الحاكم لتحقيق تلك المطالب فتبلورت أساسا حول توسيع دائرة المشاركة السياسية واعتبار الشورى أساسا للديمقراطية، وبالرغم من التطورات التي حدثت على الساحة المحلية وبالتحديد منذ تولي الشيخ حمد بن عيسى أمور الحكم في البحرين عام 1999 هي أمور ايجابية تعزز المسيرة الديمقراطية، إلا أنها لم تحقق الاستقرار السياسي، فإصدار دستور جديد لعام 2002، كانت تصب في سعي النظام الحاكم للتكيف مع الضغوط الداخلية والخارجية التي كانت تتعرض لها البلاد. فقد ظلت البحرين تعاني من مشاكلها التقليدية، ولاسيما الطائفية السياسية المنتشرة في البلاد، فضلا عن سيطرة الحكومة المطلقة على الأجهزة السياسية وغيرها من الأزمات.


Article
Effects of infliximab local injection on orthodontic tooth movement in diabetic rabbits: A histological study
آثار الحقن الموضعي إينفليإكسيمب على حركة تقويم الأسنان في الأرانب المصابة بالسكري: دراسة نسيجية

Authors: Fadhil Y. Jasim --- Rafah M. Al-Maroof --- Anees M. Mudhir
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 1337-1348
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Orthodontic tooth movement is mediated by tumor necrosis factor –α through activation of osteoclasts. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is characterized by a change in the bone remodeling and affects orthodontic treatment. This study aimed to investigate the effects of infliximab local injection on orthodontic movement in the diabetic rabbit. Methods: Sixty six rabbits were divided equally into three groups; two groups were rendered diabetic using alloxan injection, while the third group was regarded as a normoglycemic group. Only one of the diabetic groups received insulin treatment. All rabbits were subjected to orthodontic tooth movement of upper central incisor for 18 days, half of each group received infliximab subperiosteal injection, while the remaining number received saline injection. After sacrifice, tissue samples were subjected to histological preparation and histomorphometric analysis. Results: Insulin treated group revealed less prominent destruction of the periodontium when compared with the untreated group. The histological pictures of infliximab injected groups demonstrated less bone resorption in pressure side and more bone formation in tension side. There was a significantly smaller number of osteoclast with less compression in the width of the periodontal ligament in the tension side with infliximab injection. Conclusion: Infliximab local injection hindered bone resorption in the diabetic state during orthodontic tooth movement.


Article
The effect of water currents on the movement behaviour of the Oriental River Prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense (De Haan, 1849)
تأثير التيار المائي على سلوك حركة الروبيان النهري الشرقي (De Haan, 1849) Macrobrachium nipponense

Author: Tariq H. Yasein طارق حطاب ياسين
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Aquaculture المجلة العراقية للاستزراع المائي ISSN: 1812237X Year: 2010 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 43-54
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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The present study showed the effect of water currents (0.20 – 0.25 msec.) on the movement behaviour of Macrobrachium nipponense during 2 and 24 hour periods inclusive of weight group five (g) . In the first period, the results indicated that group one (0.10 – 0.49 g) aggregated towards the water currents or contrary currents by the relative percentage of 64.47 & 35.33 % , where as the groups were distributed in the following sequences : two , three and four 44 & 56 , 40.67 & 59.33 and 38 & 62 % , respectively . But the results of group five were 3.33 & 96.67 % . However, the results of the second period for the five groups were : 38 & 62 , 27.33 & 72.67 , 22 & 78 , 19.33 & 80.67 and 13.33 & 86.67 % , respectively . The distribution of these age-groups determined at different parts of the tank .

استهدفت الدراسة الحالية تأثير التيار المائي بسرعة 0.20 – 0.25 م/ثا على حركة الأطوار اليرقية واليافعة وغير البالغة للروبيان النهري الشرقي Macrobrachium nipponense . قسمت الروبيانات حسب أوزانها (غم) إلى خمسة مجموعات هي : الأولى 0.10-0.4 غم ، والثانية 0.50- 0.99 غم ، والثالثة 1.00- 1.99 غم ، والرابعة 2.00-2.99 غم، والخامسة3.00- 3.99 غم، لنوعين من الاختبارات وبواقع معدل ثلاثة مكررات، ولمدتين (2 و 24 ساعة) لكل اختبار. ففي الاختبار الأول أظهرت النتائج تأثيرا واضحا للتيار المائي على حركة الروبيان مع اتجاه التيار أو ضده من خلال المدة الأولى(2 ساعة) كانت النسب المئوية لتوزيع المجاميع الخمسة لمعدل المكررات الثلاث كالأتي : 64.67 ± 4.08 و 35.33 ± 4.08 %، 44 ± 2 و 56 ± 2 % ، 40.67 ± 1.16 و 59.33 ± 1.16 %، 38 ± 2 و 62 ± 2 %، 3.33 ± 1.16 و 96.67 ± 1.16 %، بينما تمثلت المدة الثانية : 24 ساعة فكان توزيع المجاميع العمرية كالأتي: 38 ± 7.21 و 62 ± 7.21 % ، 27.33 ± 2.31 و 72.67 ± 2.31 % ، 22 ± 2 و 78 ± 2 %، 19.33 ± 1.16 و80.67 ± 1.16 %، 13.33 ± 1.16 و 86.67 ± 1.16 % على التوالي. أما الاختبار الثاني فتضمن حساب تأثير التيار المائي على تجمع المجاميع الخمسة للروبيان كنسبة مئوية في مناطق محددة من الحوض.


Article
Globalization and the Iraqi sports movement
العـــولمة والحركة الرياضية العراقية

Authors: Hope to Saluma أمل علي سلومي --- . Leading high رائــد فائـــق --- Mahmood Dawood Salman محمود داود سلمان
Journal: Sciences Journal Of Physical Education مجلة علوم التربية الرياضية ISSN: 19920695 Year: 2007 Volume: خاص بالمؤتمر Issue: جزء ثاني Pages: 140-150
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Globalization and the Iraqi sports movementA. D. Mahmood Dawood SalmanA. MD. Leading high-M. D. Hope to SalumaResearch Summary Globalization Globalization, which means the international space aimed at dissolving cultural identity and cultural development of nations in the structure of human a broader-based Aqsaqma private as the content of a global evolutionary to contain the world in a project to penetrate the other, and usurp and convert it to the awareness of false events imbalance in the equation of balance, leading to rationing and watering down the more comprehensive based on the events shocked by, inter changes based on the selection in the sense of the house and Winnie, according to his theory of species selection and survival of the fittest. This means that states, nations and peoples to Atkdr the competition will be doomed to extinction in the signal that the world will be within the perspective of selectively assumed ideology of globalization, and that the events of a coup systems, intellectual and human paralyzed to control the conduct of his movement and transformations, and the goal of the abolition of social conflict and emptied of its content, Valastlab winning this leads to sleep societies and negatively to perception, and falsification of human consciousness science in dealing grounds of moral, humanitarian and even of the sacred to be a substitute for all that is spiritual and heavenly.And we call globalization to break down barriers between different countries and that open and expand the exchange and dialogue in all fields, including sports fields, which preceded the other areas as a result of communication and exchange of experiences, visits and sporting events and at different levels to this, we find that the International Olympic Committee as the highest institution of international sports is working to expand the participation of all courses Olympic Games, held every four years and began to globalization in the field of sports since the first Olympics in 1896, Greece, where she participated (13) state (9) games with the participation of 230 for player only, while we find it continued to evolve until almost the number of participating countries (200) state in the Olympic Games held in Athens, also the year (2004) m and with the participation of more than (13000) athletes competing in more than (300) contest, and were seen by nearly four billion people, this is the most important achievement in the field of sports world, which shows that globalization in sports are the best of other areas in the development and spread quickly and in more than a cent a year. We have awarded the Olympic Games a space beautiful for the athletes and widespread spiritually harmonious conformity with the highest values of sport and kept Vdhaeadtha open towards the progress towards the achievements and the starting and exploring the future prospects by making the earth a form is subject to catch and people with a human living their values and dreams in achieving Ttalaúahm contribute sports away from the projects profitability by invaded our games with the present and everyone is now unable to challenge the physical start of the destruction of the values of sport, and missed the Olympic Movement, its long history.

العـــولمة والحركة الرياضية العراقيةأ . د . محمود داود سلمانأ.م د. رائــد فائـــقم. د. أمل علي سلوميملخص البحث إن العولمة Globalization والتي تعني الفضاء العالمي هدفها تذويب الهوية الحضارية والثقافية للأمم في بنية إنسانيه اشمل تعتمد على اقصاءوقمع الخصوصي كمحتوى عالمي ارتقائي إلى احتواء العالم في مشروع اختراق الاخر وسلبه وتحويله إلى وعي زائف لأحداث اختلال في معادلة التوازن وصولاً إلى تقنين وتمييع أكثر شمولاً قائم على أحداث صدمه من خلال جمله تغيرات تقوم على الاصطفاء بالمعنى الدار ويني وفقاً لنظريته في انتقاء الأنواع والبقاء للأصلح . وهذا يعني إن الدول والأمم والشعوب التي لاتقدر على المنافسة سيكون مصيرها الانقراض في إشارة إلى إن العالم سيكون ضمن منظور انتقائي تفترضه أيدلوجيا العولمة، وذلك بأحداث انقلاب بالنظم الفكرية للإنسان وشلها للسيطرة على سير حركته وتحولاته والهدف من ذلك إلغاء الصراع الاجتماعي وإفراغه من محتواه ، فالاستلاب الحاصل من هذا يؤدي إلى سكون المجتمعات وسلبا للإدراك ، وتزييف لوعي الإنسان بدعوى العلم في التعامل الأخلاقي والإنساني وحتى المقدس منها لتكون بديلاً عن كل ما هو روحي وسماوي . وندعو العولمة إلى كسر الحواجز بين الدول المختلفة وذلك بالانفتاح وتوسيع التبادل والحوار في المجالات كافة ومنها المجالات الرياضية التي سبقت المجالات الأخرى نتيجة الاتصالات وتبادل الخبرات والزيارات والمنافسات الرياضية وعلى مختلف الأصعدة لهذا نجد إن اللجنة الاولمبية الدولية كأعلى مؤسسة رياضية عالمية تعمل على توسيع مشاركة الدول كافة بالدورات الاولمبية التي تقام كل أربع سنوات وقد بدأت العولمة في مجال الرياضي منذ أول دورة اولمبية في عام 1896 م باليونان حيث شاركت (13 ) دولة في (9) العاب وبمشاركة 230 لاعب فقط بينما نجد إنها استمرت بالتطور حتى قاربت عدد الدول المشاركة(200) دولة في دورة الألعاب الاولمبية المقامة في أثينا أيضا عام(2004) م وبمشاركة أكثر من (13000) رياضي ورياضية يتنافسون في أكثر من (300) مسابقة، وقد شاهدها ما يقارب أربعة مليار إنسان ، وهذا هو الانجاز الأهم في مجال الرياضة العالمية والتي توضح بان العولمة في المجالات الرياضية هي الأفضل من المجالات الأخرى في تطورها وسرعة انتشارها ومنذ ما يزيد على المائة عام . لقد منحت الألعاب الاولمبية فضاء جميلاً للرياضيين وانتشاراً روحياً متناسقاً يتفق والقيم العليا للرياضة وأبقت فضاءاتها مفتوحة باتجاه التقدم نحو تحقيق الانجازات والانطلاق واستشراف آفاق مستقبلية بجعل الكره الأرضية شكلاً قابل للامساك وشعوبها ذات بعد إنساني يعيشون قيمهم وأحلامهم في تحقيق تطلائعهم بالمساهمة بالألعاب الرياضية بعيداً عن المشاريع الربحية التي غزت ألعابنا بالوقت الحاضر وأصبح الجميع عاجزين أمام التحدي المادي الذي بدء بتدمير القيم الرياضية ، وأضاع على الحركة الاولمبية تاريخها العريق .


Article
Assessment of functional range of movement after total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis

Author: Mahmood S. Wahab F.I.C.M.S. (Orth)
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2011 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 214-218
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Background: Total Knee Arthroplasty (T.K.A) is a standard treatment of knee osteoarthritis, to relieve pain and improve range of movement. (R.O.M.) Aim of the study: Is to assess the functional .(R.O.M.) before and after sugery.Patients and methods: 59 (T.K.A) of 53 patients performed at Nursing Home Hospital, Teaching Medical City - Baghdad, the implant used was cemented NexGen PS-Flex (Zimmer) design. Patient devided in to three groups according to pre-operative range of flexion. group1 (>1100). group2 (900-1100), group 3 (<90). with pre-operative flexion contracture ≤ 150. and tibiofemoral angle ≤ 150.Results: there was significant increase in the range of flexion and extension in group 3. while there was no deference in the range before and after operation in group 2. while in group1 there was loss in flexion and gain in extension at one year follow- up after surgery .Conclusion: the pre-operative R.O.M. of arthritic knee predicted the pos-operative R.O.M.

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