research centers


Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by

Article
The occupational hazards and diseases among dentists in Mosul City: Musculo– skeletal pain, eye problem and hepatitis

Author: Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 8 Pages: 136-145
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the distribution of the health hazards and diseases among dentists in Mosul Cityaccording to age, sex and number of working hours per week. It also stated the usage of personalprotective measures among dentists. Materials and Methods: The study of population consisted ofone hundred and thirty dentists. The target population comprised dentists who worked in Mosul City.The study was conducted within form of questionnaire. Dentists were asked whether they suffered anyoccupational disease related to a musculo–skeletal pain and its location whether in the back, upperlimbs or lower limbs. Also location of back pain as in the neck, shoulder, thoracic, lumber and sacralregions. Additionally, dentists were asked about eye problem, infectious diseases and if they arewearing medical gloves and masks. Results: The musculo–skeletal pain was the most frequent complaint of the total dentists (63.08%). Back–pain was the most prevalent of the musculo–skeletal disorders among dentists (81.54%) of the total sample and more frequently in the cervical area; i.e., neck and shoulder (66.15%). There was a significant difference between the prevalence of differentmusculo–skeletal pain and the weekly working hours among dentists (p = 0.01). There was asignificant difference between dentists with and without eye problems (p = 0.033). Higher prevalenceof dentists from the total sample did not complain of infectious diseases (82.31%). Dentists whomnever wearing gloves and masks comprised the higher percentages of the total sample (46.15% and 19.23%, respectively). Conclusions: Carrying out their professional work, dentists are exposed to a number of occupational hazards. The study revealed that musculo–skeletal pain was the frequent complaint of dentists and more frequently in the cervical area (neck and shoulders) with a significant association between the number of working hours per week and musculo–skeletal pain in all locations (back, upper limb, lower limb). The majority of the examined dentists complain of eye problem during their practice, whereas most of them never complain any infectious disease. No significant association between dentists wearing gloves but significant association between those wearing masks with the age.


Article
Effect of car painting vapours on pulmonary and

Author: Ahmad Tarik Numan (MSc, PhD)
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2012 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 58-64
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Automobile spray painting is considered an occupation with a high risk of respiratory impairment and asthma. Exposure to organic solvents used for spraying might be of high risk for development of dysfunction in other organs.Objective: The study was designed to evaluate the pulmonary and hepatic toxicity due to exposure of automobile painters to organic solvents in work places within the Baghdad governorate area.Methods: Thirty cross sectional selected male workers employed in automobile body paint shops in two industrial areas within Baghdad city (Al-Sheikh Omar and Al-Rasheed camp regions) were recruited to the study during the period from March to May 2012. Thirty non-exposed students and employees in the college of pharmacy-University of Baghdad, age matched with workers, were included as control group. Pulmonary function test (PFT) was performed for all subjects using flow spirometry and blood samples were obtained for evaluation of serum transaminases (AST and ALT), in addition to serum levels of total bilirubin and albumin. The results were correlated with age of workers and duration of exposure.Results: The results indicated significant decrease in PFT markers (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC and PEF) compared to control group, while liver function did not significantly affected. Correlation of the PFT markers with age and duration of exposure reveals non significant values.Conclusion: Spray painting is an occupation which involves the risk of respiratory impairment and also confirms the need of regular medical examinations and implementation of appropriate measures to prevent adverse respiratory effects of workplace exposure in automobile spray painters.Keywords: respiratory function, automobile painting, occupational hazardsRunning title: Occupational hazards of automobile painting

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (2)


Language

English (2)


Year
From To Submit

2012 (1)

2006 (1)