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Article
STUDY OF SOME BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN URINE AND SERUM OF EXPERIMENTALLY- INDUCED UROLITHIASIS RABBITS BY SODIUM OXALATE

Author: Arwa , H.M.AL-Saeed اروى حميد السعيد
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 47-54
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was undertaken to find the alteration in some urine and serum parameters of urolithiasis rabbits induced by sodium oxalate .Animals were divided into two groups six in each, first group animals received only normal saline (0.9%) as control group , while second group animals were treated with sodium oxalate (70 mg / Kg b.w intraperitoneal ) daily for 15 days as treatment group . The results of urine analysis indicated that increased urine specific gravity , protein level and leukocytes , while decreased pH in treatment group as compared with control group , also observed that hemolysis in urine but there was no significant difference (p> 0.05) in urine level of glucose , Ketones , nitrite , urobilinogen and bilirubin in treatment group as compared with control group . The results of serum analysis indicated that there was no significant difference (p> 0.05) in serum level of calcium and phosphorus , while , increased serum level of sodium , potassium , uric acid and creatinine in treatment group as compared with control group . The study indicated that there was some changes in both urine and serum parameters in urolithasis .

Keywords

Serum --- Rabbits --- Sodium oxalate


Article
Coronal microleakage of root canal filled teeth pretreated with ferrie-oxalate or dental bonding agent

Authors: Suhad J AL-SHEMMARY --- Majidah K AL-HASHIMI
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 160-165
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

An In vitro study was carried out to compare the effects of the Smear layer and the pretreatment of the foot canal wall with tubular occluding desensitizing agent (6% ferric-oxalate) or a bonding agent on the coronal seal of endodontically treated teeth.Seventy freshly extracted human teeth with single and straight canals were used in This study. The teeth were divided into five experimental groups: twelve teeth each, withone positive and one negative control for each. Group I: With intact smear layer, Group II: Without smear layer. Group III: With intact smear layer and with ferric-oxalate painting of the canal walls. Group IV: Without smear layer and with ferric-oxalate painting of the canal walls. Group V: Without smear layer and with bonding agent.After canal obturation the access cavities were exposed to natural saliva then Pelikan ink. Teeth were cleared and linear dye penetration measured. The results showed that the removal of the smear layer significantly increased the tightness of the coronal seal, and pretreatment of the canal walls with ferric-oxalate significantly decreased the coronal microleakage more than with or without smear layer. Using the bonding agent with a hydrophilic primer, after removing the smear layer, showed significantly less microleakage than all other groups.


Article
Microleakage through cervically exposed dentinal tubules in root canal filled teeth pretreated with desensitizing agent

Author: Suhad J. Hemed سهاد حمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 33-36
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Dentin permeability and microleakage are related together and provide a continuous, microscopic, bidirectional fluid filled route between the oral cavity and the pulp space This study investigates the effect of pretreatment of inner canal wall with ferric-oxalate (desensitizing agent) on the salivary recontamination occurring between the root canal wall and sealer through cervically exposed dentinal tubules.Material and Methods: Forty extracted mandibular premolar teeth were chemomechaincally prepared then randomly divided into two main groups. The inner canal wall of each tooth in the second group was pretreated with ferric oxalate, and then all the teeth were obturated. A ring of 3 mm length at the cervical level of the teeth was subjected to root planning. All specimens were coated except for the ring area subjected to root planning, that was treated with citric acid. The specimens were exposed to natural saliva then pelikan ink. Then cleared and liner dye penetration was measured.Results: Linear dye penetration was measured and the results were statistically analyzed using T-test.Conclusion: The treatment of the inner canal wall with ferric-oxalate significantly reduced the microleakage through the cervically exposed dentinal tubules.


Article
A Study to Determine the Commonest Type of Renal Stone inIraqi Patients Admitted to Al_ Hussein General Hospital in Kerbala

Author: Weaam Awad Kadhim
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 2148-2151
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: Kidney stones (calculi) are known to be one of the most painful medicalconditions. The causes of kidney stones vary according to the type of stone.Aim: This study was employed to determine the incidence of kidney stones type in a group of patient in Kerbala from 2010 to 2012 in which 121patients were enrolled.Patient and method: eighty six males and thirty five females were evaluated to determine the type of kidney stone that they had. The age average was between 30 and 50 years .Results and discussion: It was found that uric acid stones has the highest rate of incidence (52.9%) in both sexes (70.31 % in males and 29.69 % in females). The second rank (27.8%) was occupied by calcium oxalate stones (69.7 % in males and 30.3% in females), the magnesium phosphate stone constitute about 11.5% of all the stones that were collected (64.3 % in males and 35.7 % in females) and cysteine stone constitute 4% (60% in males and 40% in females) was followed. In this study it was observed that xanthine and mixed stones were found in males only in small ratio (2.5% and 1.65% respectively).Conclusion: it is clear that the most common type of renal stone affecting people in Kerbala was uric acid stone which may be due to dietary habit.


Article
Lithotripsy of Different Urinary Tract Stones by Using Seeds of Carum copticum

Author: Ahmed G. Sabar
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences المجلة العراقية للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 16833597 Year: 2010 Volume: 19 Issue: 2 Pages: 38-41
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

It has been a well-known practice to use seeds and the essential oil of Carum copticum as a strongly antiseptic , antispasmodic , aromatic , bitter , diaphoretic , digestive , diuretic , expectorant and tonic. Also used for cure influenza, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis. To our knowledge it will be the first time to use the seeds of this herb as a urinary tract stone lithotripsy.This research aimed to the use of these seeds as a lithotripsian against different types of urinary stones and determine the efficiency of these preparation against which types of stone.A liquid solution was prepared from dissolving the seeds powder in cow milk and then concentration this preparation was done by boiling at 100°C to reduce the volume of solution to the half.The treatment was given via oral administration for successive 9 days before breakfast. 350 patients with urinary stone of different type took part in this research. All patients were subjected to ultrasonography and intravenous pyelography examinations to localized the position and detect diameter of stone. The above examination and also biochemical tests for diagnosis of stones ingredients were repeated after the administration of treatment and excretion of stone fragments in urine. The results were so promising especially against pure ca-oxalate stone.

استخدمت بذور نبات النخوة (كمون الملوكي) وكذلك الزيوت الطيارة المستخلصة من البذور كمواد مضادة للمغص ,مدرة, مساعدة للهضم, مقشعة , واستعملت ايضا لعلاج البرد والسعال والربو والاسهال والتهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي. واستخدمنا بذور هذا النبات كعلاج لتفتيت حصى المجاري البولية حسب معلوماتنا لاول مرة في هذا المجال . يهدف هذا البحث الى استخدام بذور نبات النخوة الهندية كعلاج لتفتيت حصى المجاري البولية بانواعها المختلفة, وتحديد الفعالية الاكبر تجاه اي نوع من انواع الحصى . تم تحضير نقيع من مسحوق بذور النبات باستخدام حليب الابقار وتم تركيز النقيع بغليانه الى 100 درجة مئوية لاختزال الكمية الى النصف . اعطي الخليط عن طريق الفم لمدة 9 ايام متتالية قبل الافطار .شارك في هذه الدراسة 350 مريضا ممن يعانون من وجود الحصى في المجرى البولي اخضعوا الى فحوصات السونار (الموجات فوق الصوتية) ,والاشعة الملونة لتحديد موقع وحجم الحصى , ثم اجري لكافة عينات البحث فحص الادرار العام .اعيدت هذه الفحوصات بعد استخدام العلاج كذلك اجريت الفحوصات البايوكيمياوية على الحصيات المتفتتة والنازلة في الادرار لتشخيص مكوناتها حيث تبين ان هذا العلاج فعال بكفاءة عالية تجاه حصاة اوكزلات البوتاسيوم النقية وبدرجة اقل للحصوات من الانواع الاخرى .


Article
Evaluation of biochemical parameters in calcium oxalate renal stone formers

Author: Mannal Abd AL-Monim Ibrahim
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Pharmacy المجلة العراقية للصيدلة ISSN: 16802594 / EISSN 22642522 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 27-35
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Background: Calcium oxalate renal stones are the most predominant cases of renal stones, their formation is more complex and no specific cause for the stone can be identified so called 'idiopathic'. This study was designed to analyze the metabolic and biochemical alterations in serum, urine and their relation to pathophysiology of calcium oxalate stone formation Patients and Methods : In this study, individuals have been classified into three groups: Group (A) included (29) apparently healthy persons of non calcium oxalate stone formers aged (20-35 years), group (B) included (16) patients with calcium oxalate renal stone aged (20-35 years) and group(C) included (15) patients with calcium oxalate renal stone aged (40-70 years). Fasting serum, random urine and 24-hours urine samples were collected from all individuals to determine urine volume, creatinine clearance, serum and urine levels of calcium, phosphate ,uric acid ,zinc, copper and serum levels of total cholesterol, high density lipoproprotien-cholesterol and urea .Results: Calcium oxalate stone formers group (B) exhibited significantly decreased serum levels of uric acid (P=0.015),zinc (P=0.031) with increased serum level of total cholesterol(P=0.034) when compared to similar age group of healthy control ,group (A). Urinary parameters in calcium oxalate stone formers also showed significantly increased levels of 24-hour urine calcium(P=0.05) and urine calcium: creatinine ratio (P=0.05)when compared to healthy control. While, older age calcium oxalate stone formers, group (C) showed significantly decreased urine volume (P=0.015)with increased kidney stone size(P=0.03) when compared to younger age calcium oxalate stone formers, group (B). Conclusions: Level of urinary calcium and urine volume are the most important urinary factors in enhancing calcium oxalate stone formation. While the observed changes in biochemical measurements of serum in calcium oxalate stone formers may indicate a probable metabolic relation in pathogenesis of this disease.

تعد حصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم الكلوية من أكثر أنواع الحصى الكلوية انتشارا وتشكيلها الاكثر تعقيدا ولايوجد سبب محدد لتكوينها, صممت الدراسة لتحليل التغيرات الايضية والكيميائية الحيوية في إدرار وأمصال الدم للمرضى المكونين لحصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم الكلوية وعلاقتها بفسلجة مرضية تكوين تلك الحصى .المشاركين وطرق العمل : تم تقسيم المشاركين في هذه الدراسة إلى ثلاث مجاميع : مجموعة (أ) وتشمل (29) شخص لا يكونون حصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم الكلوية تتراوح أعمارهم بين(20-35 سنة),مجموعة (ب) وتشمل (16)مصاب بحصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم الكلوية تتراوح أعمارهم بين (20-35سنة)ومجموعة (ج) التي تشمل (15)مصاب بحصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم الكلوية تتراوح أعمارهم بين(40-70 سنة). وقد تم جمع عينات الإدرار,أمصال الدم بعد فترة صيام وكذلك جمع الإدرار لمدة 24 ساعة لجميع المشاركين لتقدير حجم الادرار وطرح الكرياتنين و قياس مستوى الكالسيوم ,الفوسفات, حامض اليوريك ,الزنك والنحاس في أمصال الدم والإدرار وكذلك تقدير مستوى الكولسترول والكولسترول عالي الكثافة و اليوريا في أمصال الدم النتائج :اظهرت مجموعة المصابين بحصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم الكلوية عند مقارنتها مع مجموعة السيطرة من نفس الفئة العمرية انخفاض معنوي في مستويات أمصال الدم لحامض اليوريك (مستوى الدلالة =0.015) و الزنك (مستوى الدلالة =0.031) مع ارتفاع معنوي في مستوى الكولسترول الكلي (مستوى الدلالة = 0.034). كما اظهرت متغيرات الادرار في المكونين لحصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم ارتفاع معنوي في مستوى الكالسيوم في الادرار المتجمع خلال 24 ساعة (مستوى الدلالة =0.05)و نسبة الكالسيوم إلى الكرياتنين البولي(مستوى الدلالة =0.05) عندما قورنت مع متغيرات الادرار لمجموعة السيطرة. بينما أظهرت مجموعة المصابين بحصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم الكلوية ذات الفئة العمرية الاعلى ,مجموعة (ج)، تناقص معنوي ملحوظ في حجم الإدرار(مستوى الدلالة =0.015) مع زيادة معنوية في حجم الحصى(مستوى الدلالة = 0.03) عندما قورنت مع المجموعة (ب).الاستنتاج: يعتبر مستوى الكالسيوم البولي وحجم الادرار من اهم عوامل الادرار المؤثرة في تكوين حصى اوكزالات الكالسيوم الكلوية ،بينما تشير المتغيرات المقاسة في امصال الدم الى وجود علاقة ايضية محتملة في تكوين تلك الحصى.


Article
Chemical analysis of urinary tract stones

Author: Falah Mahdi Ali Al-khafaji
Journal: Muthanna Medical Journal مجلة المثنى الطبية ISSN: 2226146x Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 87-92
Publisher: Al-Muthanna University جامعة المثنى

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Abstract

The aim of present study is to reveal the chemical composition of urinary tract stones in patients ministering in Al-Sadir medical city/Al-Najaf. The study conducted from March 2010 -December 2012. Convenience sampling technique was employed. The study included patients of either sex (470 cases, 342 were males 128 were females) and all ages (from 1 to 60 year) were diagnosed with urinary stones. All patients were treated conservatively or by intervention (ESWL, ureteroscopy, PNL, or open surgical therapy). Chemical analysis was performed. Out of 470 patients, 342(72.7%) were males and 128(27.2%) were females. Age of the patients ranging from 1- 60 years. Location of the stones were from various parts of urinary system. Calcium oxalate stones were found in 126 (36.8%) male patients and in 42(32.8%) female patients. Uric acid stones were found in 64(18.7%) male patients and in 6(4.6%) female patients. Struvite stones were found in 6(1.7%) male patients and in 6 (4.6%) female patients. 146(42.6%) male patients and 74(57.8%) female patients were having mixed stones (calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, uric acid and struvite stones). Mixed urinary stones (calcium containing and non-calcium containing stones) constitutes the commonest variety of any stones in our local population of Al-Najaf governorate, Iraq.


Article
Mechanical and Physical Properties of PZT/xAl2O3 Ceramics Systems
الخصائص الميكانيكية والفيزيائية لنظم (PZT/xAl2O3) السيراميكية

Author: Abdulkarim Ziedan Khalf عبد الكريم زيدان خلف
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2014 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 84-90
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The compound of Ferroelectric nanopowrer Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3 was prepared using Oxalate method. Al2O3 was doped using solid state sintering method as general system PZT/xAl2O3 at (x= 0.5, 1, 1.5 vol. %). The effects of Al2O3 addition on the mechanical and physical properties of PZT ceramics were investigated. Increased Vickers Hardness with addition Al2O3 to PZT which its maximum hardness value was found for the samples containing 1vol. %Al2O3. Also, the maximum value of dielectric strength of containing 1vol.%Al2O3. This is indicating that the addition Al2O3 into PZT leads to improve dielectric properties of PZT ceramics. It is observed that the mechanical properties of the ceramics systems PZT/xAl2O3 are larger than of PZT ceramics

تم إعداد مركبات فيروكهربائية ذي الصيغة (Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3) بأستخدام طريقة الاوكزالات. ثم إضافة (Al2O3) الى (PZT) بطريقة تفاعل الحالة الصلبة وحسب الصيغة (PZT/xAl2O3) وعند النسب (x= 0.5, 1, 1.5 vol. %). وقد تم التحقق من تأثير أضافة (Al2O3) الى (PZT)على الخصائص الميكانيكية والفيزيائية. زيادة الصلادة مع إضافة (Al2O3) الى (PZT) والذي عثر على أعلى قيمة للصلادة للعينات التي تحتوي (1vol.%) من (Al2O3). أيضا أعلى قيمة لمتانة العزل الكهريائي عند النسبة (1vol.% ) من (Al2O3 ), وهذا يدل على أن إضافة (Al2O3) الى (PZT) يؤدي الى تحسين خواص العزل الكهربائي لل (PZT). لوحظ أن الخواص الميكانيكية للنظام (PZT/xAl2O3) أكبر من (PZT).


Article
Spectrophotometric Determination of Atenolol Using Indigo Carmine Dye
التقدير الطيفي للاتينولول باستخدام صبغة الانديكوكارمين

Author: Basima A. A. Saleem باسمة احمد عبد الهادي سليم
Journal: kirkuk university journal for scientific studies مجلة جامعة كركوك - الدراسات العلمية ISSN: 19920849 / 26166801 Year: 2019 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 19-35
Publisher: Kirkuk University جامعة كركوك

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Abstract

A simple, rapid, accurate and precise spectrophotometric method is proposed for the determination of atenolol in both pure form and in its pharmaceutical formulation. The method is based on the oxidation of atenolol with chromate in acidic medium of 1N H2SO4, the residual amount of oxidizing agent is then reacted with indigo carmine dye in the presence of oxalate as a catalyst, the increase in the absorbance of the dye, which is proportional to the amount of the determinants atenolol is then measured at 610 nm. Beer's law is obeyed in the concentration range of 30-1500 µg/25 ml with a molar absorptivity of 0.73×104 l.mol-1.cm-1, Sandell's sensitivity index of 0.364 μg.cm-2, and a relative standard deviation of ± 0.263 to ± 0.376% depending on the concentration level. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) are 0.3259 and 1.0863 μg ml−1, respectively. The proposed method has been applied successfully to the determination of atenolol in pure and pharmaceutical preparation.

اقترحت طريقة طيفية بسيطة وسريعة ودقيقة لتقدير الاتينولول في شكله النقي وفي احد مستحضراته الصيدلانية. تعتمد الطريقة على أكسدة الاتينولول مع الكرومات في الوسط الحامضي من حامض الكبريتيك (1عياري)، ثم تتفاعل الكمية المتبقية من العامل المؤكسد مع صبغة الانديكوكارمين وبوجود الاوكزالات كمحفز، ان الزيادة في الامتصاصية المقاسة للصبغة والتي تتناسب مع كمية الاتينولول تقاس عند nm 610. ينطبق قانون بير في مدى التركيز من µg/25 ml 30 إلى 1500 وامتصاصية مولارية 4 mol-1.cm-110×0.73، ودلالة ساندل للحساسية هي μg.cm-2 0.364، وانحراف قياسي نسبي ±0.263 إلى ±0.376 تبعاً لمستوى التركيز. وبلغت قيمة حد الكشف(LOD) وقيمة حد التقدير الكمي (LOQ) للطريقة μg ml−1 0.3259و 1.0863على التوالي. تم تطبيق الطريقة المقترحة بنجاح لتقدير الاتينولول في شكله النقي وفي احد مستحضراته الصيدلانية.


Article
Crystalluria types and incidence in Basra City; southern of Iraq
البول البلوري(رمل الأدرار), أنواعه السائدة ونسبة حدوثه في مدينة البصرة جنوبي العراق

Author: Jubran K. Hassan جبران خليل حسن
Journal: Journal of Basrah Researches (Sciences) مجلة ابحاث البصرة ( العلميات) ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2011 Volume: 37 Issue: 5A Pages: 72-81
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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In Basra City, Southern of Iraq there was increase in the incidence of urinary tracts problems, these problems include frequent urinary tract infection and crystalluria . The purpose from our study is to find out which predominant types of crystalluria and which gender and age has higher incidence values ; where 328 urine samples for males [n=91] and females [n=237] of different ages where analyzed by general urine examination, and sediment was identified by polarized optic microscope to differentiate types of crystals. The average age of patients, expressed as mean + standard deviation, was [38.05 + 17.57], and age range extended from ≤ 9-80 years and divided into seven age groups from ≤9 years old to equal to or greater than 60 years old .The data was analysed statistically by using t test and chi analysis of frequency at p<0.05. The results showed only two types of crystalluria are found. Which is uric acid that represented 96.03%, and Calcium oxalate that represented 3.97 % .There was no cysteine, or struvite crystals. Incidence percentage of uric acid crystals was greater in both genders (95.6% for males and 96.2% for females) as compared with the incidence percentage of calcium oxalate (4.4% for males and 3.8% for females) , and there was no significant difference between males and females in the incidence percentages for each type of crystalluria . The patients samples were then divided into seven age groups from ≤ 9 years old to equal to or greater than 60 years old and there were no significant differences (at p<0.05) among all age groups in the incidence percentage of each type of crystalluria. Our finding there were only two types of crystalluria are most predominant ; those are uric acid and calcium oxalate and the incidence of uric acid crystalluria was significantly greater than oxalate in both genders and age groups, which may be greatly different from that reported in several studies outside country .

في مدينة البصرة, جنوبي العراق هنالك زيادة في عدد الحالات التي سببها مشكلات في الجهاز البولي والتي قد تعزى الى التهابات المجاري البولية المتكررة والبول البلوري او مايطلق عليه ب( رمل الادرار).هدف الدراسة هو إيجاد نوع البول البلوري(رمل الادرار) السائد وتحديد الفترة العمرية وجنس المريض الذي لديه أعلى نسبة إصابة.فقد تم جمع328 عينة ادرار لــ 91 مريض و 237 مريضة لمختلف الأعمار, وقد تم فحص هذه العينات تحت المجهر لتحديد نوع البلورات في عينات الادرار. وكان معدل عمر المرضى (38+ 17,57) سنة و مدى الأعمار امتد من عدة ايام اإلى 80 سنة وقد تم تقسيم الفئات العمرية إلى سبعة فئات تبدأ من (أقل من9 سنة) وتمتد الى ما فوق ال 60 سنة, وقد تم التحليل الإحصائي باستخدام(t_ test and chi analysis of frequency at p<0.05) وكانت النتائج وجود نوعين فقط من البلورات السائدة والتي هي بلورات حامض البوليك (96,03%) و بلورات اوكزالات الكالسيوم (3,97%) ولم يوجد إي اختلاف معنوي بين جنسي المرضى لكل نوع من البلورات وكذلك لم يوجد اختلاف معنوي بين الفئات العمرية للمرضى حيث كانت البلورات حامض البوليك هي السائدة

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