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Article
Assessment of the Effects of Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension uponPregnant Women and Their Pregnancy Outcome in Erbil City

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the possible role of cockroaches as a transmitter of medically important microorganisms, pathogenic organisms were isolated and identified from external and guts of cockroaches trapped at hospitals and houses. Methods: One hundred and fifty two cockroaches were collected from different parts of hospital and houses around it. They were collected for isolation and identification of bacteria and parasites from external surface and internal digestive tract of cockroaches. Statistical analysis was done by using t- test. Results: This study show that high rates of cockroaches show contamination of medically important bacteria and parasites. The species of the pathogenic agents was determinate and the number and percentages of infected cockroaches was recorded. Conclusion : And for this, cockroaches act as a potential transmitter of medically important pathogenic and may cause of nosocomial infection in both hospitals and houses. Therefore, control of cockroaches will substantially minimize the spread of infectious diseases in our environment.

Keywords

cockroaches --- Bacteria --- Parasites.


Article
The presence of protozoal cysts and helminthic ova on Vegetables collected from Baghdad markets

Author: Guirges.Y.
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2005 Volume: 47 Issue: 1 Pages: 89-91
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

SummaryThe vegetables are considered as an important source of human infection with intestinal parasites. Aims: to try a detection of the protozoal cysts or helminthic ova from vegetables collected from Baghdad markets.Methods: The study was carried out during three months I'1 of September to the end of November 1999. Four different kinds of vegetables were selected for this study including tomato, onion, cucumber and celery. The vegetables soaked and washed in saline, centrifuged and the sediment examinedfor the presence ofprotozoal cysts, helminthic ova or fungi.Results: Ova of Ascaris lumbricoides and Enterobius vermicularis were isolated from tomato and celery. Hookworm ova were isolated from celery leaves. Entamoeba histolytica cysts were present on tomato, celery and cucumber. Giardia lamblia cysts found on tomato and celeiy. In addition, the monilia (Candida albicans) and Geotrichum candidum were isolated from tomato and celery. Conclusion: Vegetables may play an important role in intestinal parasites infection.


Article
Prevalence of Zoonotic Parasites in Stray Cats in Baghdad

Author: Mahmoud N. Al-khushali
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 152-156
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:It is known in recent years that stray cats can transmit several serious zoonotic parasitic diseases to man especially immunocompromised patients.The aim of this study is to detect such parasites in stray cats in Iraq.METHODS:Serum and faecal samples were taken from 126 stray cats from different areas of Baghdad, subjected to serological test (IHAtest) and parasitological examination to detect cyst,oocyst,ova of zoonotic arasites ,as well as careful examination of skin and hair for ectoparasites.RESULTS:Positive seroprevalence (72.2%) for Toxoplasma gondii were found in stray cats, 114 examined cats (90.4%) were found to be infected with different zoonotic enteric parasites.Three types of ectoparasites(73%) infested these cats..Some of these parasites were recorded for the first time in Iraq which include: Cryptosporidium spp, Giardia spp, Capillaria spp, Toxascaris leonine, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus, Ixodes spp, Felicola subrostratus .CONCLUSION:The high seroprevalence of T. gondii and high infection rates for zoonotic enteric parasites and ectoparasites in stray cats could be the cause of theincreased incidence of human enteric and skin diseases in this country


Article
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infestations in Al-Anbar Province , West of Iraq.
انتشار الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية في الأنبار‘غرب العراق

Author: Abbas Obaid Farhan عباس عبيد فرحان
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2012 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 12-15
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Intestinal parasitic infestation still represents an economic and public health problem in the world particularly in the developing countries including the Middle East. To estimate the current prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection among people living in Al-Ramadi City/ West of Iraq. 1804 faecal samples were collected from males and females of different ages attending Al Gailani-Central Medical Laboratory, Al-Ramadi/Al-Anbar, from June 2006 to October 2009. One methods used were direct faecal microscopic examination and formol-ether concentration. The total infectivity rate by intestinal parasites was 19.7%. The overall infection rate by intestinal protozoa was significantly higher than intestinal helminth infection. E. histolytica was the most prevalent intestinal parasitic infection, whereas E. vermicularis was the predominant helminth. The frequency of the parasitic infestations was slightly higher among females (20.7%) than males (19.1%). A significantly higher prevalence of parasitic infections among younger age groups than the older age groups, since age group ≤5 years showed the highest infection rate (33.3%) when it was compared with other age groups (5.3%). Intestinal parasitic infestation was more prevalent among younger age groups. Screening for parasitic infestation is necessary as part of the general health care programme. Preference should be given to screening the younger age group to improve the standards of infant care.

لاتزال الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية تمثل مشكلة اقنصادية وصحية في العالم وخاصة في الدول النامية منها الشرق الاوسط.الغرض من الدراسة : لتحديد معدل انتشار الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية لسكان محافظة الانبار/غرب العراق. المواد وطريقة العمل: 1804عينة من البراز جمعت من الذكور والاناث من مختلف الاعمار والمترددين لمختبر الكيلاني الطبي المركزي في الرمادي للفترة من حزيران 2006 الى تشرين الاول 2009بأستخدام طريقة الفحص المجهري المباشر للبراز والتركيز بالايثر الفورمال.النتائج: معدل الاصابة الكلية للطفيليات المعوية كانت 19.7%. معدل الاصابة بالطفيلي المعوي كانت بمغزى معنوي اعلى من معدل الاصابة بالديدان المعوية. الاصابة ب E. Histolytica كانت اكثر انتشارا من الاصابة ب E.Vemiclaris , تواتر الاصابة بالطفيليات لدى الاناث (20.7%) كانت قليلا اعلى مما لدى الذكور (19.1%). معدل انتشار الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية لدى الصغار كانت اكثر مما هوعليه لدى الكبار وذي مغزى معنوي حيث ان معدل الاصابة لدى الفئة العمرية الاقل من خمس سنوات كانت (33.3%) عند مقارنتها مع معدل الاصابة لدى الفئة العمرية الاكبر سنآ (5.3%) .الاستنتاج والتوصيات: الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية كانت اكثر انتشارآ لدى الصغار وعليه فان التحري عن الاصابة بالطفيليات ضروري كجزء من البرنامج العام للرعاية الصحية ويفضل ان يركز التحري للصغار لتحسين الرعاية النموذجية للطفل .


Article
Parasitic infections causing diarrhoea among children less than six years at Al-Nasiriyah province
مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية عند الاطفال تحت عمر ست سنوات في مدينة الناصرية

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the parasitic agents of diarrhoea in children aged less than six years. Out of 780 cases of diarrhea, 206 (26.41%) had one or more parasitic infections and the remaining 574 (73.58%) had other enteropathogenic agents of diarrhoea. There were 166 (21.98%) protozoal infections and 40 (5.12%) helminthes. Male children were 113(45.8%) and females were 93(44.68%). The most common pathogens were Giardia lamblia 117 (56.79%); Entamoeba histolytica 49 (23.78%); Enterobius vermicularis 27 (13.10%); Ascaris lumbricoides 9 (4.36%) and Hymenolepis nana 4 (1.94%). Moreover, the highest parasitic infections observed during summer months with bottle-feeding nutrition.

تهدف هذه الدراسه الى تحديد مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية عند الاطفال الذين كانت اعمارهم اقل من ست سنوات .المجموع الكلي لحالات الاسهال التي تم دراستها 780 ,ظهر منها 206 حالة سببها طفيليات (26.41%) وباقي الحالات 574 (73.58%) كانت مسبباتها غير طفيلية. شكلت الاوالي الطفيلية 166 (21.98%) بينما شكلت الديدان المعوية 40 (5.12%). اظهرت الدراسة ان الاطفال الذكور اكثر اصابة 113 (54.80%) بينما الاناث 93 (44.68%), كذلك فان الطفيليات الاكثر تواجدا هي الجيارديا لامبليا 117 (56.79%),تليها اميبا النسيج 49 (23.78%), الدودة الدبوسية 27 (13.10%), الاسكارس 9 (4.36%) ثم الدودة القزمة 4 (1.94%). بالاضافة الى ذلك , اظهرت الدراسة ان الاصابات الطفيلية تكثر في اشهر الصيف عند الاطفال الذين يرضعون رضاعة اصطناعية

Keywords

Diarrhoea --- parasites --- children


Article
Parasitic infections causing diarrhoea among children less than six years at Al-Nasiriya province
مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية عند الاطفال تحت عمر ست سنوات في مدينة الناصرية

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the parasitic agents of diarrhoea in children aged less than six years. Out of 780 cases of diarrhea, 206 (26.41 %) had one or more parasitic infections and the remaining 574 (73.58 %) had other enteropathogenic agents of diarrhoea. There were 166 (21.98%) protozoal infections and 40 (5.12 %) helminthes. Male children were 113(45.8 %) and females were 93(44.68 %). The most common pathogens were Giardia lamblia 117 (56.79 %); Entamoeba histolytica 49 (23.78 %); Enterobius vermicularis 27 (13.10 %); Ascaris lumbricoides 9 (4.36 %) and Hymenolepis nana 4 (1.94 %). Moreover, the highest parasitic infections observed during summer months with bottle-feeding nutrition.

هدفت هذه الدراسة الى تحديد مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية عند الاطفال الذين كانت اعمارهم اقل من ست سنوات .المجموع الكلي لحالات الاسهال التي تم دراستها 780 ,ظهر منها 206 حالة سببها طفيليات (26.41%) وباقي الحالات 574 (73.58%) كانت مسبباتها غير طفيلية. شكلت الاوالي الطفيلية 166 (21.98%) بينما شكلت الديدان المعوية 40 (5.12%). اظهرت الدراسة ان الاطفال الذكور اكثر اصابة 113 (54.80%) بينما الاناث 93 (44.68%), كذلك فان الطفيليات الاكثر تواجدا هي الجيارديا لامبليا 117 (56.79%),تليها اميبا النسيج 49 (23.78%), الدودة الدبوسية 27 (13.10%), الاسكارس 9 (4.36%) ثم الدودة القزمة 4 (1.94%). بالإضافة الى ذلك , اظهرت الدراسة ان الاصابات الطفيلية تكثر في اشهر الصيف عند الاطفال الذين يرضعون رضاعة اصطناعية

Keywords

Diarrhoea --- parasites --- children


Article
The risk of pathogenic intestinal parasitic infections in vegetables and vegetables handers in some of baghdad markets

Author: Rawaa A. Al.jeboori رواء الجبوري
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 82-85
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract


Article
PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITES AMONG CHILDREN AND OLD PATIENTS IN ALEXANDRIA NAHIA

Author: Amal H. Atia
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 112-117
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

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Abstract

In order to confirm the prevalence and rate of infection of intestinal parasites in Alexandria Nahia ( rural area), stool samples were collected from 1154 cases admitted into Alexandria hospital during 6 months in 2003 . Results of examination revealed that 50% of them were positive for parasites, 48% were positive for Giardia lamblia and 33.8% were positive for Entamoeba histolytica which represent the highest prevalence . The lowest prevalence 18.19% was found for Entamoeba coli . Infection were higher in males than in females . No nematodes parasites were revealed in this study .

لكي ُيؤّكد الانتشار ونسبة عدوى الطفيليات المعوية في ناحية اﻹ سكندرية ( منطقة ريفية) ، عينات خروج ُجَِمَعتْ من 1154 حالة دخول إلى مستشفى ا ﻹسكندرية أثناء 6 شهور في العام 2003. كشفت نتائج الفحص بأن 50% منهم كانت إيجابية للطفيليات ، 48% كانت إيجابية لجيا رديا لا مبليا و 33.8 % كان إيجابي لانتا ميــــبا هستولتيكا اللــــــــذان ُيمثلان الانتشار الأعلى . الانتشار لأوطأ 18.19 % وُجد لطفيلــي ألا نتاميبا كولاي . العدوى كانت في الذكـور أعلى من الإناث . .لم يتم الكشف عن ديدان خيطيه في هذه الدراسة . الكلمات ألدليلية: الانتشار، طفيليات معوية ، أطفال ، مرضى كبار السن .


Article
Heamatological parameters and cellular morphological characters of frogs Rana sp. infected with parasites in Basrah marshlands environmental
المعايير الدموية والصفات الشكلية الخلوية لخلايا دم الضفادع جنس Rana sp. ألمصابه بالطفيليات في بيئة اهوار البصرة

Author: Hind Mahdi Jarallah ; Ghazi Malih Jabir* , Auday M.H. Kasm
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 208-213
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

The effect of infection with intestinal parasites of frogs Rana sp. on heamatological parameters were studied. The blood sample were collected and analyzed, the erythrocytes count (RBC), leukcocytes count (WBC), heamoglobine concentration (HB) and packed cell volume (PCV) were determined. Also the study showed increases in number of monocytes and granular leukocytes in blood of infected frogs when compared with control frogs, Heamatological parameters gaves informations about prognosis of the diseases.

تم دراسة تأثير الاصابه بالطفيليات المعوية للضفادع جنس .Rana sp على المعايير الدموية. أظهرت الدراسة تغيرات في تعداد خلايا الدم الحمر والبيض ومستوى الهيموغلوبين وحجم الدم المضغوط. كذلك أظهرت الدراسة زيادة في عدد الخلايا الاحاديه وخلايا الدم البيض الحبيبية للضفادع المصابة عند مقارنتها مع ضفادع السيطرة، وان المعايير الدموية أعطت معلومات حول تزايد المرض.


Article
Study on the intestinal parasites among pre-school children in Basrah city

Author: A. H. H. Awad and (2)Suzan, A. A. A. Al-Azizz
Journal: Journal of Basrah Researches (Sciences) مجلة ابحاث البصرة ( العلميات) ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2005 Volume: 31 Issue: 3A Pages: 33-37
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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A total of seven hundred and fifty of fecal samples were collected and examined for intestinal parasites in Basrah city during the period from July 1998 to June 1999. Six hundred and fifty specimen were collected from children admitted in Basrah Hospital for Birth and Child with or without diarrhea symptomes and one hundred from children outside the hospital.The highest percentage of infection was recorded in March (90%) and the lowest in January (11.7%). It was found that the percentage infection in female was (52.4%) while in male (51.2%), Moreover, the total percentage of infection with protozoa was (42.1%) and of helminths was (7.7%).

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