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Article
Prevalence of Head Pediculosis Among Refugees In Sulaimani Governorate/ Kurdistan- Iraq

Authors: Fatimah Mohammed Ali --- Abdullah Ahmed Hama
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 2C Pages: 1012-1018
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The head louse (Pediculus humanus capits) is one of the common obligate ectoparasites blood-sucking, wingless, belonging to the order Phthiraptera, sub-order Anoplura which are specific parasites of a human being with the medical importance worldwide. This study carried out to estimate the prevalence of head pediculosis and its associated factors among refugees in Sulaimani province. Total of 11798 peoples participated in this study including 5056 male and 6742 female from five refuges campus in Sulaimani province, the direct inspection visually followed to detect head lice infestation (pediculosis). The overall prevalence in the current study was 1.12%, the infestation was significantly higher among female (1.78 %) than the male (0.24 %). The age significantly had an effect on the pediculosis; the higher rate of pediculosis was among children (1-5 years) than the other age groups although Pediculosis was significantly higher among low-level educational peoples (preparatory and primary). The family size, hair washing duration, length of hair and type of hair have the direct effect of the head louse infestation, while the significant association between scalp disease (Dandruff) and infestation rate of head lice was not observed. From this study, we conclude the prevalence of head lice has directly related to age, personal hygiene, and hair type, and the refugee's camps in Sulaimani province (Kurdistan-Iraq) need more health care and health awareness.


Article
Effect of demographic factors in pediculosis prevalence
تأثير بعض العوامل الديموغرافية في انتشار مرض التقمل.

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Abstract

The study was conducted on students of primary schools for the people of the displaced provinces ( Anbar, Tikrit and Mawsil ) who are suffering in their housing overcrowding and low living standards and low level of health.This study depends on the analysis of recorder information in special document (questionnaire) prepared for this purpose and includes some demographic factors such as age , gender , socioeconomic level , occupation , head hairs long and education level of parents…..etc. The total number of samples was (2170) students, (371) student were infected, their ages were (6_14) year.The number of infected samples were registered by direct examination with the naked eye for the heads of the students, the number of lice instars were recorded by using magnifying hand lens and the lice instars were isolated from infected samples using special combs to remove lice from an infected hairs.The results of this study reveals highly significant differences in pediculosis prevalence between male, and female which was (19.41 , 80.59)% respectively. The results reveals also that high number of infections were in the ages (7, 6, 9) year which was (20.49 , 19.14 , 12.2)% respectively.It reveals also that there is highly significant differences between infected students and head hairs long, high infected cases recorded in long hair students compared with short hair students which was (55.53 , 44.47)% respectively.We also found that the family size has significant effect in pediculosis prevalence, high infections was in family size (9 and more person) compared with family size (3_5) person which was (44.47 , 13.21)% respectively.The study also showed presence of highly significant differences between pediculocides which are used in lice killing , Nyda and Kwell-p are more effective in killing ratio (80.43 , 75.96)%, while the lotion Tic-Tac revealed less killing ratio (38.46)%.And it is found that the factor (live with relatives) is the most important factor for the transmission and prevalence of pediculosis between students, the ratio of infection is (33.15)% compared another factors.

أجريت الدراسة على تلامذة المدارس الأبتدائية لسكان المحافظات النازحة ( الانبار وتكريت والموصل ) الذين يعانون في سكنهم من الاكتظاظ وانخفاض المستوى المعاشي والصحي.اعتمدت هذه الدراسة على تحليل المعلومات التي ثبتت في إستمارة خاصة وقد أشتملت هذة الاستمارة على بعض العوامل الديموغرافية مثل ألعمر , ألجنس , ألمستوى الأقتصادي والأجتماعي , السكن , طول الشعر , مستوى التعليم الدراسي للأبوين ....الخ. اذ بلغ عدد العينات (2170) طالبا" وكان عدد المصابين (371) طالبا" , وكانت اعمارهم تتراوح بين ((14_6 سنة. تم تسجيل عدد العينات المصابة عن طريق الفحص المباشر بالعين المجردة لرؤس التلامذة وتم تسجيل عدد آطوار القمل المختلفة عن طريق استخدام العدسة المكبرة , وتم عزل اطوار القمل من العينات المصابة بأستخدام أمشاط خاصة لازلة القمل من شعر المصاب.اظهرت الدراسة وجود فروق احصائية معنوية عالية في انتشار مرض التقمل بين الذكور والاناث اذ كانت نسبة الاصابة (19.41 , 80.59) % على التوالي. وظهر أيضا هناك فروقات احصائية معنوية عالية بين العمر وطبيعة إنتشار القمل حيث وجد أن أعلى الأصابات كانت عند الأعمار (9 , 6 , 7) سنة اذ كانت نسبة الاصابة (20.49 , 19.14 , 12.4) % على التوالي.واظهرت الدراسة وجود فروق احصائية معنوية بين المصابين بمرض التقمل وطول شعر الرأس وقد ظهر ان اعلى الاصابات كانت عند ذوي الشعر الطويل مقارنة" مع ذوي الشعر القصير فقد كانت نسبة الاصابة 55.53) , 44.47)% على التوالي.ووجد ايضا بان لحجم العائلة تأثيرا معنويا في إنتشار مرض ألتقمل فكانت أعلى الأصابات عند الفئة الاسرية الكبيرة (9) شخصا" فأكثر وبنسبة (44.47) %, واقل نسبة اصابة عند الفئة الاسرية القليلة في عدد افرادها (5_3) شخصا" وبنسبة (13.21) %.وبينت الدراسة وجود فروقات احصائية معنوية بين العلاجات والشامبوات المستخدمة في علاج التقمل فكانت اعلى نسبة قتل للقمل باستخدام (Nyda و Kwell-p) وبنسبة (80.43 , 75.96)% على التوالي, في حين سجلت اقل نسبة لقتل القمل باستخدام الغسول TIC-TAC وبنسبة (38.46%).وبينت النتائج هناك فروقا" احصائية معنوية بين العوامل المسببة للمرض وإنتشار القمل وقد ظهر بان عامل (السكن مع الاقارب) كان اكثر العوامل اهمية في انتشار وانتقال القمل بين التلامذة اذ كانت نسبة الاصابة (33.15)% مقارنة مع العوامل الاخرى.


Article
Evolution of the Effectiveness of Peremetherin and Trimethoprim/ Slfomethoxazole on Pediculosis Capitit and some Bacteria Isolated from its Complication
تقييم تاثير البيرميثرين وترايمثوبريم مثاكسوزول على قمل الراس وبعض الابكتريا المعزوله من مضاعفاتها

Authors: Burooj Mohammed Razooqi2 بروج محمود رزوقي --- Khudhair Khalf Al-Kayalli خضير خلف الكيالي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2017 Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 79-82
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract: Background:Head lice infestation caused by Pediculus humanus var. Capitis, is the most prevalent human ectoparasitic disease worldwide, head lice are haematophagous, frequent among children 3-11 years. Traditional pharmacological therapies, have focused on 1 or 2 courses of various ovicidal and pediculicidal topical therapies. Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of permetherin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole on 1 or 2 courses of various ovicidal and pediculicidal topical therapies. Methods; Seventy five females patients with pediculosis capitis , their ages ranged from 3 to 60 years. In 40 patients the pediculosis was complicated by secondary bacterial infection. The patients were divided in to three groups, Group 1 :-The patients were treated by 5% permetherin solution . Group 2 :-Was treated by trimethoprim /sulfamethoxazole tablet or solution according to the age .Group 3:- Was treated by combination of 5% permetherin solution and oral trimethoprim /sulfamethoxazole . Swabs were taken from patients with bacterial infection.Results:The study revealed that 23(92%) patients of the first group, was cleared, 20(80%)patients from the second group, also cleared and all the patients in the third group 25(100%). Of those who were complicated by secondary bacterial infection 40(60%), 30(75%) the cultures show bacterial growth. The cultures which were tested by 5% permetherin shows no inhibition zone but those cultures which were tested by trimethoprim /sulphamethoxazol shows significant inhibition zone.Conclusion:It was concluded that permetherin was ineffective as antibacterial agent but it was highly effectivas pediculocidal agent and it was more effective when combined with oral trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole.


Article
Study the effectiveness of the volatile oils of Pimipinlla anisum, Thymus vulgaris and Saliva officinalis an antidote Pediculosis humanus
وأوراق الزعتر pimipinlla anisum دراسة تأثير فعالية الزيوت الطيارة لبذور اليانسون كمضاد لحشرة القمل Saliva officinalis والميرمية Thymus vulgaris Pediculosis humanus

Author: Mohammed Jasim Jawad م. محمد جاسم جواد
Journal: karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences مجلة كربلاء للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 70272221 Year: 2016 Issue: 11 Pages: 334-338
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Most of the volatile oils found in medicinal plants have important biological activities likeantibacterial, antifungal and antiparasite. The main of this study is to investigate the killingeffect of the volatile oils found in Thymus vulgaris, Salvia officinalis and Pimipinilla anisumon the some parasites and insects like Pediiculosis humanus that infect migrants lived inKarbla city. The oils under investigation were used separately and in mixed formula.Preparation of cream containing these three oils was also investigated. Control sample wasused to evaluate the results. The results showed a highly positive killing effect of both the oilused separately and in the cream form. Statistical data revealed a significant differences fortreated samples of mixed oils and the cream form (100%) at 48 hr, while no significantdifferences noticed with samples of both Pimipinilla anisum and Thymus vulgaris

تعد الزيوت الطيارة الموجودة في النبا تات الطبية مضادا لمختلف أنواع الأسباب المرضية وكذلكتاثيرها علىالتيتصيب الانسان ومن هذه الزيوت Pediculosis humanus بعض الطفيليات والحشرات مثل حشرة القملpediculosis الطيارة زيت الزعتر وزيت الميرمية وزيت اليانسون وهدفت هذه الدراسة الى قتل وتثبيط القمل نوعلدى عوائل النازحين الساكنين في مدينة كربلاء حيثشملت الدراسةتقييم الزيوت الطيارة كعلاج للقضاء Humanusعلى القمل كلا على حده وكذلك مزجت مع بعضها لتقييم تأثيرها مجتمعة وتم ايضا تحضير كريم يحتوي على هذه الزيوتولثلاث فترات زمنية 72,48,24 ساعة بعد المعاملة . وأوضحت ( organ phosphorus) بالمقارنة مع مادة قياسيةPediculosis humanus النتائج الى ان لكل من الزيوت المفردة والممزوجة بالكريم فعالية مضادة لحشرة القملوقد اختلفت معنويا عن معاملة السيطرةخلال فترات الدراسة الثلاث , كما أشارت النتائج الى ان اعلى قيمة للتاثير القا تلكانت عند معاملة كريم الزيوت الثلاثة حيث بلغت (% 100 ) خلال 48 ساعه مقارنة مع معاملة السيطرة ولم يكن هناكاختلاف معنوي للمعاملات بزيت اليانسون وبزيت الزعتر.

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