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Article
Plasmacytoma and multiple myeloma in Basrah province

Author: Salim L. AL-Saad, Jasim.M. AL-Diab,Osama G. AL-Asady
Journal: The Medical Journal of Basrah University المجلة الطبية لجامعة البصرة ISSN: 02530759 Year: 2013 Volume: 31 Issue: 2 Pages: 75-78
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Objective: to study trends of multiple myeloma and plasmacytoma in Basrah as a model of Asian countries and compare the results with those of western records.Methods: retrospective review of 102 cases of multiple myeloma and plasmacytoma of both sexes registered in Basrah through the years 1996-2010 regarding their demographic features the collected dated tabulated and analyzed.Results: a total of 102 patient, 62 males and 40 females with a median age for males 56 years and for females 55 years multiple myeloma represented 92.2% of total cases while plasmacytoma represented 7.8%.Conclusion: -Incidence rate of multiple myeloma and plsmacytoma in eastern countries seems comparable to incidence rate in eastern countries but the incidence is low when compared to western statistics.-Multiple myeloma and plasmacytoma showed no significant changes through the last 15 years.


Article
The value of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of oral and jaw lesions in patients with plasma cell dyscrasias

Author: Bashar H. Abdullah بشار عبد الله
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 41-44
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been found to be very useful for the diagnosis of lesions as multiple myeloma (MM) and plasmacytomas in different parts of the body. The usefulness of such procedure has not yet been verified in the oral and maxillofacial region. This study was conducted to verify the value of FNAC in the diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial lesions in patients with plasma cell dyscrasias.Patients and methods: After clinical and radiological examination, FNAC was done by the use of 10 cc syringes with 22-23 gauge needles on 11 patients with lesions affecting the maxillofacial region. The smears stained with Leishman’s stain, to be examined microscopically.Results: Twenty eight patients were examined throughout 1.5 years period, 11 had soft tissue/or bone lesions affecting the maxillofacial region. 9 patients with MM and 2 had plasmacytoma. Of 9 patients with MM, the mandible was involved in 5 patients, 3 lesions affected the maxilla, and while in one patient the maxilla and mandible were both affected. Soft tissue lesions were seen in 6 patients. The results of FNAC showed that all lesions were due to involvement with myeloma cell infiltrates, with one exception of 2 osteolytic lesions which were due to odontogenic infection.Conclusion: FNAC is a very useful and safe procedure to diagnose different types of lesions affecting the oral cavity in patients with plasma cell dyscriasis

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