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Article
Prevalence of Prehypertension in A Sample of Secondary School Girl Students in Baghdad

Author: Mayasah A. Sadiq
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 4 Pages: 220-222
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Prehypertension in children and adolescents is defined as" average levels of age, gender and height adjusted systolic blood pressure (SBP) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of ≥90th to <95th percentile"Prehypertension in adolescents carries a risk of future hypertension and then cardiovascular complications. Objective: To throw light on the prevalence of prehypertension among a sample of secondary school female students in Baghdad.Subjects and methods: This is cross sectional study including female students from 10 randomly selected governmental secondary schools in Baghdad during. The collected data included blood pressure measurement ,height and weight to estimate BMI, then they were classified according to blood pressure tables for females into prehypertensives, hypertensive and normotensives.Results: The Prevalence of Prehypertension of 700 females was 55%, hypertension 16% both 1st and 2ndstage, prehypertension did not spare the underweight girls showing a prevalence of 45%.Conclusion More than half of secondary school girls were prehypertensives; therefore, measuring blood pressure for this age group is critical to prevent the sequelae of prehypertension turning into undiagnosed hypertension.Keyword: Prevalence, prehypertension, secondary school females


Article
Blood Pressure Assessment in Undergraduate Medical Students: Impact of Gender, Body Mass Index and Family History of Hypertension

Authors: Amjed Hassan Abbas --- Samir Swadi Hamoud --- Shahlaa Khaza,al Chabuk
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 307 -315
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Increase blood pressure is considered to be a silent killer which lead to increase in morbidity and mortality, so it is necessary to determine the subjects with high risk at an early stage in order to inhibit the disease progression and its co-morbid conditions. This study aimed to measure the blood pressure of undergraduate medical students and its relation to specific risk factors (gender, body mass index and family history of hypertension).The study was performed in College of Medicine in Babylon University in the period from December 2014 to April 2015 and included 330 students. Some variables were taken from the history in addition to measurement of weight, height, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The results revealed that regarding systolic blood pressure, 15% of students had prehypertension and 8% of students were hypertensive while for diastolic blood pressure, 32% had prehypertension and 4% were hypertensive. There was significant correlation between systolic and diastolic blood pressure with male gender, body mass index and family history of hypertension (P ≤ 0.05).This study revealed high prevalence of prehypertension and in less extent hypertension among college students and this problem represented a neglected issue.

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