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The Outcome of Varicocelectomy on Sperm Parameters in Subfertile Men with Clinical Varicoceles Who Have Asthenozoospermia and or Teratozoospermia with Normal Sperm Count

Authors: Mohammed Ali Ghadhban --- Ahmed Abdulameer Alwan
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2016 Volume: 12 Issue: 22 Pages: 106-109
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Design Of Study: prospective study.Duration: From 2014 to 2015Setting: Department of Urology, AL-Diwaniya teaching Hospital, Infertility clinic.Patients & Methods: Over a period of one year hundred (100) patients with varicocele associated with male infertility over a 3-years period were included in this study. Pre- and postvaricocelectomy seminal fluid parameters evaluation according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria was performed at 6-month intervals.General anesthesia was given to all patients.Results:One hundred patients met the criteria their age range from 25 to 45 years with a mean age of 32± 3 years. The mean duration of infertility was 3years (range: 1.5–6).). Only the sperm motility of patients with normospermia showed a significant improvement postoperativelyConclusion:No significant improvement in sperm morphology may be obtained inpatients with clinical varicocele and preoperative normospermia.


Article
Diagnostic laparoscopy in female infertility

Authors: Entessar Abdel Jabbar انتصار عبد الجبار --- Raida M. Al-Wazzan رائدة محمد الوزان
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2009 Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-64
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: To highlight the importance of laparoscopic evaluation in the etiology of infertility and to evaluate the etiology in primary and secondary infertility.
Methods: This retrospective study included 1233 patients complaining of infertility, 919 patients had primary infertility and 314 patients had secondary infertility. All had been subjected to diagnostic laparoscopy at the Infertility Center in Al-Batool Teaching Hospital, Mosul.
Results: Laparoscopy diagnosed pelvic abnormality in 87.27% of infertile patients which was statistically significant difference comparing to no abnormality detected in 12.73%. The ratio of positive findings in secondary infertility was significant in comparison with the positive findings in primary infertility. Single pelvic abnormality detected during laparoscopy among infertility patients was seen in 75.09% of cases and it was statistically different from multiple pelvic abnormality: 24.91%, and it was highly significant among primary infertility patients (77.24%) and among secondary infertility patients (30.87%). Among all infertile patients, ovarian factor was the most common (66.83%) followed by tubal factor (22.03%), endometriosis (4.46%), pelvic inflammatory disease (2.85%), pelvic adhesion (2.10%) and uterine fibroid (1.73%). Ovarian factor was highly significant in primary infertility while tubal factor and pelvic inflammatory disease were the highly significant in secondary infertility.
Multiple pelvic pathology identified by laparoscopy showed the tubal factors associated with poly cystic ovary in 29.49% of cases (31.66% in primary infertility and 25% in secondary infertility with no significant statistical difference). Pelvic inflammatory disease associated with other pelvic abnormality 34.09% was highly significant among secondary infertility patients. Congenital uterine abnormalities was not seen alone, it was seen associated with other causes among primary infertility patients (9 cases 0.72%).
Conclusion: Diagnostic laparoscopy is a valuable technique and is a mandatory invasive investigation for complete assessment of female infertility before the couple progresses to infertility treatment especially where assisted reproductive techniques were not available.
Keywords: Infertility; primary infertility; secondary infertility; diagnostic laparoscopy.

الخلاصةالهــدف: لتبيان أهمية الناظور التشخيصي في معرفة سبب العقم عند النساء في حالات العقم الأولي والثانوي.الطريقة: دراسة أستعادية لـ 1233 مريضة لديها حالة عقم من اللواتي راجعن مركز العقم في مستشفى البتول التعليمي في الموصل. 919 مريضة تعاني من العقم الأولي و 314 مريضة تعاني من العقم الثانوي.النتائـج: أظهرت النتائج بان الناظور شخّص وجود سبب في الحوض في 87,27% من الحالات وان وجود سبب واحد في الحوض هو الأكثر في حالات العقم الأولي 75,09% بينما وجود عدة أسباب في الحوض كانت الأكثر بين حالات العقم الثانوي. المبيض ومشاكله السبب الرئيسي في حالات العقم وهو السبب الأكبر في العقم الأولي بينما مشكلة الأنابيب والتهابات الحوض كان السبب الأكبر في حالات العقم الثانوي. وفي حالات العقم عامة التي وجد فيها أكثر من سبب وجد مشكلة الأنابيب وحالة تكيس المبيض في 29,49% ووجد أن مشكلة التهاب الحوض مع أسباب أخرى أكثر حدوثا في حالات العقم الثانوي. الاستنتاج: الناظور التشخيصي فحص له قيمة لإكمال فحوصات النساء اللواتي لديهم حالة عقم قبل العلاج المتقدم خاصة في حالة عدم توفر وسائل العلاج .

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