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Article
DIAGNOSTIC STUDY ON MICROFILARIAE AND SOME BLOOD PROTOZOA IN QUAIL BIRDS (COTURNIX COTURNIX JAPONICA) IN NINEVEH GOVERNORATE
دراسة تشخيصية على اليرقات الخيطية الدقيقة وبعض الاوالي الدموية في طائر السمان

Author: Rawaa G. Mohammad رواء غانم محمد
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 32-42
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The study covered a diagnosis for detection of microfliaria in 90 blood samples obtained from quail birds. The results recorded that total infestion rate was (15.6%).Three species of microfliaria have been diagnosed in quail. Form A of detected larvae measured 106 – 125 μm in length and 2.5 –3.0 μm in width, while form B measured 97–145.4 μm in length and 4.0 – 6.0 μm in width , finally form C dimensions measured 120–150 μm and 4.5 – 5.0 μm in width respectively. Knott technique detected most positive cases with higher sensitivity rate 85.7%, than other techniques used in the study. The rate of infection recorded in adult birds 14.5% was little higher than it in young birds 10.7% with no significant statitiscal defferences between males and females. The study showed appearance of 7.7% of mixed infections of microfliaria with Aegyptianella spp. and 4.4% with plasmodium spp. Finally the study pointed that microfliaria appeared with high percentage in circulating blood than peripheral blood of 40 quail birds, as15% and 10%in circulating and peripheral blood respectively.

اشتمل البحث على دراسة تشخيصية للكشف عن اليرقات الخيطية الدقيقه في 90عينة دم من طائر السمان.شارت النتائج الى ان النسبة الكلية للخمج بلغت15.6 %,شخصت ثلاثة انواع منها في طائر السمان تراوحت طول النوع Aبين106-125 مايكرومتر والعرض 2.5-3.0 مايكرومتر والنوع B بين97 -145.4 مايكرومتر والعرض بين4.0-6.0 مايكرومتر والنوع C بين 120- 150 مايكرومتر والعرض بين4.5- 5.0 مايكرومتر. كشفت تقنية Knott عن معظم الحالات الموجبة اذ سجلت اعلى نسبة كفاءة من بين التقنيات الاخرى المستعملة بلغت 85.7% سجلت نسبة الخمج في الطيور البالغة ارتفاعا قليلاعنها في الصغيرة العمر اذ بلغت 14.5% و10.7% في الطيور البالغه والصغيرة على التوالي مع عدم وجود فرق معنوي بين الذكور والاناث .واظهرت الدراسة وجود خمج مختلط لطفيلي اليرقات الخيطية الدقيقة مع طفيلي spp. Aegyptianella بنسبة بلغت 7.7% ومع طفيليPlasmodium spp. بنسبة بلغت 4.4% ووجد من خلال فحص عينة دم ماخوذة من الدم المحيطي الوريد الجناحي وماخوذة من الدم الدائر(الرئة) من 40 طائر من السمان ان نسبة تواجد طفيلي اليرقات الخيطية الدقيقة في الدم الدائر اعلى من الدم المحيطي اذ بلغت 15% و 10% في الدائر والمحيطي على التوالي.


Article
EVALUATION OF SOME EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL EGG QUALITY TRAITS OF QUAILS REARED IN BASRAH CITY
تقييم بعض الخصائص الخارجية والداخلية لبيض السمان المُرَبَّى في مدينة البصرة

Author: MUDHAR ABD SALMAN ABU TABEEKH مضر عبد سلمان ابو طبيخ
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 78-84
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was designated to evaluate some external and internal characteristics of quail eggs reared in Basrah city. Ten mature female quails were used in the present study. All birds were reared under similar environmental, managerial and hygienic conditions. To assess the egg quality parameters, a total of 100 eggs were randomly collected for 20 days.The values related to egg weight, shape index, shell weight, shell ratio , shell thickness, egg length, Egg width, Shell index and shell surface area (cm2) are found respectively as 7.041, 79.590, 0.973, 14.193, 0.307, 2.825, 2.245, 13.044 and 8.205. The internal traits as albumen index, albumen height, albumen weight, albumen ratio, albumen width, Albumen length, albumin average, yolk diameter, yolk height, yolk weight, yolk index, yolk ratio and Yolk : Albumen ratio are found respectively as 12.056, 3.204, 2.5, 35.515, 2.308, 3.058, 2.683, 2.195, 3.983, 2.591, 17.601, 36.746 and 1.120.

صممت هذه التجربة لتقييم بعض المواصفات الخارجية والداخلية لبيض طائر السمان المربى في محافظة البصرة. عشر من إناث السمان استخدمت في هذه التجربة. جميع الطيور خضعت لظروف متشابهة في الأجواء والرعاية والتربية. مائة بيضة جمعت عشوائيا خلال عشرون يوما لإجراء الاختبار. سجلت القياسات الخارجية كوزن البيض, دليل الحجم , وزن قشرة البيض, نسبة القشرة , سمك القشرة, طول البيضة, عرض البيضة, دليل القشرة والمساحة السطحية للقشرة (سم2) فكانت كالأتي: 7.041, 79.590, 0.973, 14.193, 0.307, 2.825, 2.245, 13.044و .8.205 أما القياسات الداخلية مثل دليل الألبومين, ارتفاع الألبومين, وزن الألبومين, نسبة الألبومين, عرض الألبومين, طول الألبومين, معدل الألبومين, قطر الصفار (المح), ارتفاع الصفار, وزن الصفار, دليل الصفار, نسبة الصفار ونسبة الصفار- الألبومين فكانت 12.056 ،3.204، 2.5، 35.515،2.308 ، 3.058،2.683، 2.195، 3.983، 2.591، 17.601،36.746 و 1.120.

Keywords

quail --- shell --- albumin


Article
HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF QUAILS LIVER EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED BY AFLATOXIN
دراسة مرضية نسجية لكبد السمان المعرض تجريبيا لسموم الافلا

Author: Q.Q.Ibrahim قيس قرياقوس ابراهيم
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 116-126
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study to evaluate the toxic effects of aflatoxin (AF) at a rate of 2.5 and 5 ppm on liver histopathological appearance of local quails.sixty quail chicks at one day old randomly divided into two pen replicates of ten chicks each were assigned to each of three dietary treatments. 1) basal diet containing no AF/kg diet (control); 2) basal diet supplemented with 2.5 ppm diet and 3) basal diet supplemented with 5 ppm diet. The chicks were individually weighed on a weekly basis, feed consumption and body weight gain were recorded weekly. The trial period was 5 weeks and quails were maintained on 24-h continuous light schedule and ad libitum access to diets and water. Feeding Aflatoxin to quails included liver fatty changes, necrosis, bile duct hyperplasia and aggregation of lymphocyte . The intensity of these changes were increased with increasing AF level in the diet. The results indicated that local quails are sensitive to AF

Keywords

aflatoxin --- quail --- liver.


Article
THE EFFECT OF GENISTEIN ON SOME PRODUCTIVE AND BIOCHEMICAL BLOOD TRAITS OF QUAIL ( Coturnix coturnix japonica )
تاثيرالجنستين في بعض الصفات التناسلية والكيموحيوية لدم طيور السمان (Coturnixcoturnix japonica )

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Abstract

This study was conducted at commercial poultry farm in Aboalkassib from 9/3/2013 to 9/5/2013. A total of 60 day old quail chicks were randomly distributed to four groups , 15 birds for each treatments. Treatments were (1): control group , (2) : 100 ml genistein per 1 litter of drinking water, (3): 100 ml genistein plus 10 ml vitamin E per 1 litter of drinking water , and (4): 150 ml genistein plus 10 ml vitamin E per 1 litter of drinking water . T3 caused significantly (P<0.05) increase in PCV and Hb during two periods of the experiment, and in the cholesterol concentration during (0-30) days of age . Whereas, T3 and T4 caused significantly (P<0.05) increase in the cholesterol during (0-60) days of age . Glucose also increased significantly (P<0.05) in T4 during (0-30) days of age and in T2 during (0-60) days of the of the experiment. T2 resulted in increase in estrogen concentration significantly (P<0.05) during 0-30 days of the experiment.

اجريت التجربة في حقل دواجن اهلي في ابي الخصيب للفترة بين 9/3/2013 ولغاية 9/5/2013 . استخدم 60 فرخا" من افراخ طائر السمان التي وزعت عشوائيا" الى اربعة معاملات باستخدام الجنستين وفيتامين E , وبواقع 15 فرخا" لكل معاملة . المعاملات هي (1): السيطرة ( المقارنة) , (2) : استخدام 100 مل جنستين لكل 1 لتر من ماء الشرب , (3) : استخدام 100 مل جنستين مضاف اليه 10 مل من فيتامين E لكل لتر من ماء الشرب , (4) استخدام 150 مل جنستين مضاف اليه 10 مل من فيتامين E لكل لتر من ماء الشرب. ادت المعاملة الثالثة (T3 ) الى زيادة معنوية (P<0.05) في حجم كريات الدم المرصوصة والهيموجلوبين خلال فترتي الدراسة , وكذلك زيادة في تركيز الكولسترول خلال فترة (0-30) يوم من التجربة . بينما سببت المعاملتان T3 و T4 زيادة معنوية (P<0.05) في تركيز الكولسترول خلال الفترة (0-60) يوما" من التجربة . ازداد مستوى الكلوكوز معنويا" (P<0.05) عند استخدام المعاملة T4 خلال الفترة (0-30) يوما" من التجربة وفي المعاملة T2 خلال الفترة (0-60) يوما" من التجربة . ادت المعاملة T2 الى زيادة معنوية (P<0.05) في تركيز الاستروجين خلال الفترة (0-30) يوما" من التجربة .


Article
MORPHOLOGICAL AND HISTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF THE EVENTS CYCLE OF SPERMATOGENESIS IN THE TESTES OF ADULT MALE COMMON QUAIL

Author: Satar Abood Faris
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 289-301
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Twenty adult common quail male obtained from Soq-Al-Shiyookh localmarket .They were kept under light and feeding conditions adopted by it. Theanatomical study was appeared that the reproductive system in common quail consistof paired testes ,efferent ducts, epididymis, vasdeference and recetaculum .The testesare lying within the abdominal cavity and are joined to the dorsal body wall by shortconnective tissue . They are paired oval-shaped structure .The average of the lefttesticular size is ( 2 ± 0.04 cm3) and the average of the right testicular size is (1.85 ±0.01 cm3).The average of the left testicular weight is (1.9 ± 0.01 gm. ) and the averageof the right testicular weight is (1.7 ± 0.01 gm.). The testes of quail are long axis isoblique and directed dorso caudally .The epididymis is relatively large and is firmlyattached to the dorso lateral surface of the testes. The histological study was showedthat the spermatogonia are identified adjacent to the basement membrane of theseminiferous tubules either singly or in cluster but they do not form a complete basallayer. The primary spermatocyte are the largest cells of the spermotogenic population. Their nuclei are notable for both their size and appearance ,being big and vesicular isdue to the presence of condensed chromatin. The secondary spermatocyte enter thesecond meiotic division ,the subsequent cells formed from this division arespermatids. Spermatocytogenesis ends when spermatids appears .The spermatidsundergo a complex process of differentiation leading to the transformation of thesespermatids into sperm . Based on changes in the acrosomes and nuclei during thedevelopment of spermatid will give rise mature spermatozoa

Keywords

Quail --- Epididymis --- Spermatogensis.


Article
Effect of egg weight on some productive and reproductive traits of Japanese quail under local situation
تأثير وزن البيضة في بعض الصفات الانتاجية والتناسمية لطيور السمان الياباني المرباة تحت الظروف المحمية

Authors: Khalid C. K. Al-Salhie خالد جلاب كريدي الصالحي --- Salah M. Al-Swdani صلاح مهدي السوداني
Journal: Basrah Journal of Agricultural Sciences مجلة البصرة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 18175868 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 179-184
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was conducted during the period 20/9/2012 to 26/11/2012 . At unit of Japanese quail birds of College of Agriculture/ University of Basrah. To evaluate the effect of egg weight on some productive and reproductive as age and weight at puberty Japanese quail birds . A total of 400 eggs were collected and were categorised into 4 weight groups as (10 ,11 ,12,13 g) . The result showed that the chick weight significant (p < 0.05) increase for birds of fourth group as well as weight increase for its birds at fourth week of age compared with weight of first group birds. The results shows early age of sexual puberty for males and females of (second , third and fourth ) groups compared with the males and females of first group. There were a significant (p < 0.05) increase of females weight in fourth group at the age of sexual puberty compared with other groups. The results shows a significant (p < 0.05) increase in weight of first egg product from females of second , third and fourth groups compared with the weight of first egg product from females of first group. In conclusion, heavy sized eggs (13g) lead to better quality of day-old chicks with better post hatching performance.

اجريت الد ا رسة الحالية في وحدة طيور السمان التابعة الى الحقل الحيواني في كمية الز ا رعة /جامعة البصرة لممدة من 20 / 9 / 2012 الى 26 / 11 / 2012 لمعرفة تأثير وزن البيضة في بعض الصفات الانتاجية والتناسمية المتمثمة بعمر ووزن البموغ الجنسيلذكور واناث طيور السمان الياباني ، اُستخدم في الد ا رسة 400 بيضة دُرج البيض الى اربعة مجاميع وزنية ) 10 ، 11 ، 12 ، 13 غ ا رم(،اظيرت نتائج الد ا رسة وجود ارتفاع معنوي ) 0.05 > P( في معدلات الوزن عند الفقس لطيور المجموعة ال ا ربعة فضلاً عن ارتفاع معدلاتاو ا زن طيورىا معنوياً ) 0.05 > P ( لغاية الاسبوع ال ا ربع من العمر مقارنة بأو ا زن طيور المجموعة الاولى واشارت نتائج الد ا رسة الى حصولانخفاض معنوي ) 0.05 > P( في عمر البموغ الجنسي لذكور واناث المجاميع 2 و 3 و 4 مقارنة بعمر البموغ الجنسي لذكور واناث طيورالمجموعة الاولى ، وارتفعت معدلات او ا زن اناث طيور المجموعة ال ا ربعة معنوياً ) 0.05 > P ( عند عمر البموغ الجنسي مقارنة مع باقياو ا زن اناث طيور المجاميع الاخرى واتضح من النتائج تفوق معنوي ) 0.05 > P( في معدلات او ا زن اول بيضة منتجة من اناث طيورالمجاميع 2 و 3 و 4 مقارنة مع وزن اول بيضة منتجة من اناث طيور المجموعة الاولى، نستنتج مما تقدم تحسن معدلات او ا زن الطيورالفاقسة من بيض ثقيل الوزن 13 غ ا رم فضلاً عن تبكيرىا في عمر البموغ الجنسي.

Keywords

egg weight --- puberty --- quail


Article
INFLUENCE OF SEASON ,SEX AND AGE ON HAEMATOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS, BODY WEIGHT AND RECTAL TEMPERATURE IN BLACK LOCAL QUAIL.
تاثير الموسم والجنس والعمر على المعايير الدمويه ووزن الجسم ودرجة حرارة المستقيم في السمان المحلي الاسود

Author: Mohammad H.K
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 340-348
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Effect of age, sex and season were measured during and before sexual maturation of black local quail males and females .Meals erythrocytes count showed higher value compared with that of adult females 6 month .Haemoglobin and hematocrit of adult males were significantly higher than those of adult females. However total leukocyte count and Hetrophil/Lymphocytes(H/L) ratio of the adult female were higher than those of males. Body weight of both sexes increased with age. In the present study the result indicated that erythrocyte, Hemoglobin concentrations and PCV values affected by season. As well as many of the Haematological parameters differed significantly (P<0.05) in accordance to the age, sex and season of local black feather.

Keywords

Quail --- Haemoglobin --- Lymphocytes


Article
SEROLOGICAL STUDY FOR DETECTION OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS IN JAPANESE QUAILS IN SOME STATE OF DIYALA PROVINCE, IRAQ

Authors: Karim Sadun AL-Ajeeli --- Amer AL-Azawy
Journal: Diyala Journal of Agricultural Sciences مجلة ديالى للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20739524 Year: 2016 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 13-21
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious viral disease all over the world that could cause several losses for the poultry industry. The current study was conducted to clarify the real evidence that the quails play important role in the epidemiology source of NDV. Two groups of quail were used at 50 and150 day old for identification of the NDV. Antigen Rapid Test Kit (Bionote, South Korea) used to identify the positive cases, all positive cases by this kit were tested by Enzyme- Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) to determine the antibody titers against NDV in all study groups. The results of this study revealed that antibodies against NDV were detected with the mean titer of 2904.39 ±119.238 and 4664.36 ±136.659 to each age groups respectively, in spite of no clinical signs of NDV were observed in thetwo groups. The results referred that quail were carrier for the NDV and may be transmission the pathogen virus to other poultry that housed together, and that calls the attention to the importance of the quail from the epidemiological point of view as a potential source of NDV to commercial poultry (broiler or layer) that housed with or near quails.

Keywords

Newcastle disease --- Quail --- ELISA --- Diyala


Article
HISTOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR STUDY OF SPLEEN IN Japanese Quail UNDER THERMAL CONDITION

Author: Zainab A. Al-Ali Majdy Faisal Jalal yaseen
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine the histological and Molecularchanges in the spleen of adult male Japanese quail after being exposed to effect ofthermal stress was recorded. This study included two groups, each group consistingtwelve male birds, the control group (A) was exposed to normal temperature for45days, while the group (B) exposed to temperature (42OC) for 45 days. Thehistological and molecular changes were studied during (15, 30 and 45) days of theexperiment, histological changes in spleen were represented by necrosis,degeneration hemorrhage and shrinkage fibrosis of lymphocytic nodules,cytoplasmic vaculation, infiltration of lymphocytes, metamorphosis of lymphocyte,nuclei pyknotic, dilation in the central vein of lymphatic nodules, edema, dilation ofsinusoids and congested blood vessels. Molecular examination showed that the heatshock protein (hsp70) gen is present in temperature group that is also found in thecontrol group. This confirms that the hsp70 gen is present in birds at normal andabnormal conditions.


Article
The effect of age on growth and development of the gonads pre- to post sexual maturity of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica)

Author: Khalid Chillab Kridie
Journal: Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20727798 23128186 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 39-55
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

A total number of 300 unsexed Japanese quail chicks one day old were randomly distributed in the metal cages to determine the optimal age of sexual activity for quail in Iraq by studying the growth and development of the gonads pre-to post sexual maturity. Data were collected during 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks. Steroids hormone and gonads and oviduct development were studied. Highest testosterone and estrogen hormone levels were recorded on 8 and 10 weeks of age. Left and right testis weight, height, width and volume were recorded highest values on 8 and 10 weeks compared with 4 and 6 weeks . Histological parameter of testes sections indicated a complete development for a seminiferous tubules beginning 8 to 10 weeks . Ovary weight with follicles and oviduct weight were given highest values at 10 weeks old. It has been concluded that the optimal age of sexual activity for quail in Iraq could be situated around 8 weeks.

Keywords

Age --- Quail --- Qonads --- Sexual maturity

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