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Article
Reduction Of Inferior Turbinate By Radiofrequency
اختزال المحارة السفلية للأنف بواسطة جهاز الترددات الراديوية

Author: Dr.Shamil A. Hilal د. شامل عبود هلال
Journal: Thi-Qar Medical Journal مجلة ذي قار الطبية ISSN: 19929218 Year: 2011 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 30-34
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Objective : A prospective study was done at the period of 3rd July2009 - 4th Seb.2010 to see the effectiveness of radiofrequency in inferior turbinate reduction regarding nasal obstruction,morning sneezing , snoring, headache and nasal discharge.Method : Thirty-seven patients had been underwent radiofrequency turbinate reduction under local anesthesia and follow up them regarding their complaints. Results : We found that radiofrequency inferior turbinate reduction is very simple, effective, and relatively complication free as out patient procedure. Conclusion : Radiofrequency for inferior turbinate reduction can be held as outpatient procedure with minimal time & relatively simple cost and give the same results as other procedure that held to reduce the inferior turbinate bulk . So it is preferable over them when the equipments are available.

يعاني الكثير من مرضانا من تداعيات التضخم المزمن للمحارة السفلية الموجودة داخل التجويف الأنفي غير المتزامنة مع إعراض حساسية المجاري التنفسية العليا مما استدعى البحث عن أساليب عديدة لعلاجها وكانت إحدى هذه الطرق هو استخدام الترددات الراديوية لإزالة ذلك التضخم والتي اكتشفت وطورت أجهزتها خلال العقدين المنصرمين. حيث قمنا هنا بدراسة تأملية لتبيان فوائد ومساوئ استعمال هذه الطريقة في المعالجة. أجريت هذه الدراسة المنظورة للفترة من3 تموز2009 لغاية 4 أيلول 2010 على 37 مريض حيث تم اجراء اختزال المحاره السفليه بجهاز الترددات الراديوية تحت التخدير الموضعي وتمت متابعتهم حول مدى استجابتهم . لوحظ فعالية استخدام الترددات الراديويه وخلوه تقريبا من اي اعراض جانبيه اضافه الى سهوله استخدامه كبديل للعمليات التقليديه تحت التخدير العام.


Article
Coblation versus dissection tonsillectomy in children
Coblation مقابل تشريح اللوزتين عند الأطفال

Authors: Moyaser Abdul-Rahman Yaseen --- Sermed Ebdollatif Tahyr
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 25-31
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Tonsillectomy is the surgical procedure of removing the tonsils. Various methods of tonsillectomy have been practiced aimed at decreasing or eliminating intraoperative and postoperative morbidity. This study was conducted to determine the different outcomes of tonsillectomy surgery in both coblation and dissection techniques.Methods: A prospective control study was conducted with a total sample size of 66 patients. Each patient underwent tonsillectomy by using ArthroCare Coblator on the right side and dissection method on the left side. Children between the age of 3-12 years old were selected with indications of recurrent tonsillitis and/or kissing tonsil causing snoring and/or sleep apnea. Children with peritonsillar abscess, malignancy, bleeding disorder were excluded. Operative time and blood loss, postoperative pain, bleeding and healing process were compared between two methods. Operations performed by the same surgeon.Results: The intraoperative time was significantly shorter (P <0.001) and intraoperative blood loss was significantly lesser (P <00.01) in coblation as compared to dissection tonsillectomy, while there were no significant differences in the postoperative pain scores on 1st, 2nd, 7th and 14th postoperative days. There was a significant healing process in tonsillar fossa in favor of coblation rather than dissection. No primary or secondary postoperative bleeding was reported.Conclusion: Coblation tonsillectomy is a safe procedure with significantly less intraoperative time and less blood loss and better surgical wound healing with similar postoperative pain in comparison with dissection tonsillectomy.


Article
Evaluation of 900 mhz mobile phone effects on palate and tooth germ development in mouse embryo (histological & immunohistochemical study)

Authors: Faten H. Berto فاتن بيرتو --- Athraa Y. Al-Hijazi عذراء يحيى الحجازي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 39-46
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background Mobile telephones, sometimes called cellular phones (GSM, Global System for Mobile Communication)or handies, are now an integral part of modern telecommunications. In some parts of the world, they are the mostreliable or only phones available. In others, mobile phones are very popular because they allow people to maintaincontinuous communication without hampering freedom of movement.This study was carried out to evaluate theeffects of 900 MHz mobile phone on palate and tooth germ development in mouse embryo for the period of (16thday, 18th day intrauterine life and one day postnatal life).Materials and Methods Thirty pregnant Bulb-c Albeno Swiss female mouse (2-3 months of age, 100-125 gm of weight),were used in the present experiment. Those mice were divided into three groups. The first group consisted of 6pregnant mice were assigned as a control group. The second group consisted of 12 pregnant mice were exposed tomobile phone radiation for 60 minutes daily and the third group consisted of 12 pregnant mice were exposed tomobile phone radiation for 120 minutes daily starting from the zero day of gestation till the day of scarification. Theembryos of mice; were obtained at different period of gestation (At 16th day I.U.L., 18th day I.U.L.,and One day oldpostnatal period).Results Histological examination and immunohistochemical evaluation for CD34 expression were done for all animalsincluding control group showed that mobile phone (EMF radiation) with 900 MHz in short exposed period (one hour)can stimulate tooth germ cells as it was shown,an early appearance of tooth germ in cap stage at 16th day I.U.L andpositive expression of CD34 marker on dental tissue.Conclusion In this study we investigated an important point that the effects of mobile phones concerned onmesenchymal germ cell rather than ectodermal germ cell which represented by positive reaction of CD34 onmesenchymal cell of dental sac ,bone and cartilage. Increment in time exposure to EMF radiation emitted frommobile phone for 2 hours duration showed retardation in tooth development with obvious reduction in size of themice.


Article
Influence of Mobile Phone Electromagnetic Field Exposures on Pseudomonas Aeruginosa and Staphylococcus Aureusinvitro

Authors: Brooj Muhammmed Irzouki بروج محمد رزوقي --- Ismail Ibrahim Latif اسماعيل ابراهيم لطيف --- Amer D.Majeed عامر داود مجيد
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2013 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 54-62
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Mechanism underlying the lethal effect of microwave radiation on microorganisms are yet to be discovered. Some researchers hypothesized that electromagnetic waves can increase the target temperature and destroy life.Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of cell phone radiation on bacteria that cause otitis media.Materials and Methods: Two bacterial isolates were selected from cases of inflammation of the middle ear(otitis media). Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, isolates were exposed to electromagnetic waves emitted from mobile. After the incubation period, the absorbance was measured to determine the degree of turbidity by using spectrophotometer on the wavelength 400nm.Results: It was found that is no effect of mobile radiation up to six minutes of exposure to both bacterial Species, but influence began after the six minutes and increased influence directly proportional to the time. Effective dose 50 of Staphylococcus aureus was 11.5 minutes while for Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 14.2 minutes. Conclusions: The radiofrequency of cell phone effects on the bacteria depend on the following factors: the exposure time to mobile radiation, water content and increasing temperature, breaking protein molecule.


Article
Gasserian ganglion thermal radiofrequency and alcohol ablation

Author: Abdul Sahib Hussein Al-Timimi
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-74
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is a neuropathic, stabbing recurrent episode ofpain within the distribution of one or more branches of the trigeminalnerveaffecting the face.Trigeminal neuralgia is idiopathicin 50%of the patientsleading to focal demyelination andaberrantneuraldischarge.Treatment must be individualized to each patient. Carbamazepine remainsthe drug of choice and the first‐line treatment of TN but ineffective in 60%.Minimally invasive interventional pain therapies and surgery are possibleoptions when drug therapy fails. Patients with poor surgical risk may be moresuitable for other types of interventional therapy.A case of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia in a 49 years old female, presentedwith a 20 years history of severe lancinating intermittent pain, not relived byoral medications. In our case we will discuss the role of radiofrequencytherapy in combination with alcohol ablation for this chronic pain and followup for 1 year duration.


Article
Mobile Phone Base Stations Health Effects

Author: Shahab A. Alazawi شهاب العزاوي
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2011 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Pages: 44-52
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: The rapid increase of mobile telephony and the associated obvious presence of mobile phone base stations have raised concerns about possible non specific health symptoms (NSHS) caused by emitted microwaves, electromagnetic field (EMF), radiofrequency (RF) and radiofrequency electromagnetic radiations (RFR)Aims: To investigate the health effects among the residence proximity to mobile phone base station in Baquba city.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study from May 2010 till June 2010 of randomly selected inhabitants living in Baquba urban areas for more than one year near to (8 )selected base stations, (375) subjects (200 women and 175 men) were investigated and completed standardized questionnaires that focused on the relevant parameters.Result: The results of the questionnaire survey reveal that people living in the vicinity of base stations report various complaints frequencies, Chi-square with Yates correction were used in relation to the sex, age and distance from mobile base stations, show significant (p <0.05) increase as compared to people living >300 m or not exposed to base stations. In relation of sex; women complained mostly of nausea, headaches, men complain mostly of lowering of libido. In relation to age, in subjects older than 19 years, this study shows the existence of a greater sensibility for some NSHS symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, sleep disturbances, irritability, feeling of discomfort, dizziness, cardiovascular problems when comparisons are made between subjects living up to 300 m vs. subjects of the reference group. In relation to distance, the complaints are experienced in a significantly higher (p <0.05) by the subjects in the distance zones of < 10 m to 300m from base stations. Up to10m the symptoms are headaches, sleep disturbances, irritability, depressive tendencies, feeling of discomfort, loss of appetite, nausea, difficulties in concentration, , visual disturbances, lowering of libido. Significant differences (P < 0.05) are observed up to 100 m from base stations for symptoms such as: headaches sleep disturbances, irritability, depressive tendencies, feeling of discomfort, difficulties in concentration, memory loss and lowering of libido. In the zone 100 m to 200 m from base stations, the symptoms of headaches, sleep disturbances, feelings of discomfort, feeling of discomfort, difficulties in concentration, memory loss are again experienced significantly more often(P<0.05) in comparison with the reference group. Beyond 200 m only the symptom of headaches, fatigue, sleep disturbances is reported at a significantly high frequency (P < 0.05). There was significant increase in the prevalence of sleep disturbance, fatigue, feeling of discomfort among the inhabitants opposite to the station (20.8% versus 10.9%, 23.4% versus 9.8%, 26.0% versus 12.0%) (P < 0.05) respectively.Conclusions: 1. This study shows that inhabitants living nearby mobile phone base stations are at risk for developing non specific health symptoms, the facing position appears to be the worst one for distances from cellular phone base stations < 100 m, so more research concerning the effects of radiofrequency radiation from base stations is indicated.2. It is advisable that cellular phone base stations should not be sited closer than 300 m to populations, as a precautionary measure, sitting of base stations should be such as to minimize exposure of neighbors.Recommendations: Revision of standard guidelines for public exposure to RER from mobile phone base station antennas, regular assessment and early detection of biological effects among inhabitants around the stations are recommended.


Article
SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF THE BIPOLAR RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION DEVICE FOR HEMOSTASIS IN THYROIDECTOMY IN COMPARISON WITH THE CONVENTIONAL KNOT-TYING TECHNIQUE

Authors: Sadq Ghaleb Kadem --- Sarmad Manea Habash --- Mohammed Khalaf Raheem
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2018 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 20-26
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF THE BIPOLAR RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION DEVICE FOR HEMOSTASIS IN THYROIDECTOMY IN COMPARISON WITH THE CONVENTIONAL KNOT-TYING TECHNIQUE Sadq Ghaleb Kadem*, Sarmad Manea Habash# & Mohammed Khalaf Raheem@ *#@MB,ChB, FICMS, Department of Surgery, Al-Shiffa General Hospital, Basrah, IRAQ Abstract The conventional method of hemostasis by using knot-tying technique is safe and effective in thyroid surgery but it is time consuming. A new energy devices like ultrasonic scalpel and advanced bipolar electrosurgical cautery have been proven to be safe and effective in shortening the length of thyroid surgery but the high cost of these advanced generators that designed to work only with an expensive disposable hand pieces, make its use difficult to justify in some hospitals. Radiofrequency ablation device is a refined type of electrosurgical cautery that utilizes a wave of electrons at a frequency between 2 and 4MHz to seal and divide the targeted tissue and the ablation property of this device act as an extra vessel sealing effect, it can be used with conventional reusable bipolar electrosurgical cautery hand pieces. The aim is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a simple bipolar radiofrequency ablation device for hemostasis in thyroidectomy in comparison with the conventional knot-tying technique. This study was conducted in Alshiffa General Hospital following the approval of the local ethical committee. Fifty patients with different thyroid gland pathologies underwent total thyroidectomy in which hemostasis was achieved mainly with bipolar radiofrequency ablation device. The results of this group were compared with results of conventional knot-tying technique by the same surgical team at an earlier period. This study showed that bipolar radiofrequency ablation device significantly reduced; mean operative time, amount of foreign suture material, significant reduction in the mean volume of postoperative drainage, early patient discharge from hospital, and less complications. In conclusion, the use of the bipolar radiofrequency ablation device with conventional reusable bipolar cautery forceps for hemostasis in thyroidectomy is a safe, simple technique and effective in reducing the operative time in comparison with the conventional knot-tying technique.

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