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Article
Magnification in panoramic radiography

Author: Lamia H. AL-Nakib لمياء حامد النقيب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 45-47
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: It is known that the image of panoramic radiograph is larger than the structure it represents.Materials and methods: To quantify the magnification of the machine used in this study (Cranex 3+), horizontal curved wire of 150 mm. was fixed by wax on a dry skull between maxilla & mandible. Other 30 mm. long wires were fixed vertically, one in the midline & the others in the canine, premolar & molar regions bilaterally. The skull was positioned as the patient's head positioned so the area to be exposed is precisely within the zone of sharpness, the films were processed & the radiographs were viewed.Results: A comparison between real & radiographic wires length was done. The result revealed that horizontal magnification was 6.6-10%, while the vertical magnification was 26.6-30%, but the machine rotation was symmetrical.Conclusion: Carnex 3+ X-ray machine had a symmetrical rotation with 26.6-30% vertical magnification &6.6-10% horizontal magnification


Article
The Effect of Age on Clinical and Radiological Presentation in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Baghdad

Authors: Hashim M.Al-Kadhimi --- Haider Noori Dawood
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 125-129
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes the most common type of human tuberculosis worldwide .The most common mode of transmission is by inhalation of droplet nuclei from expectorated respiratory secretions.Active infection is diagnosed by documenting the presence of M tuberculosis in respiratory secretions or other body fluids or tissues.Age is an important determinant of the risk for the disease .The risk may increase in the elderlyOBJECTIVE:To compare the effect of age between elderly and younger on clinical and radiological presentation in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Iraq.PATIENTS AND METHODS:A prospective study was done for 251 patients with smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in outpatient's clinic in the Chest and Respiratory Disease Specialized Center in Baghdad.Collected from January to May 2009.The following parameters were assessed:Age, gender, symptoms, risk factors, radiological findings, and incidence of recurrent .The relation of these parameters between elderly and younger was evaluatedRESULTS:There were 174 young adult patients and 77 elderly patients .The elderly group age was between 60-80years ,and younger adult age was between 17-59 years. There was no significant difference in the symptoms between the two groups .Family history of pulmonary tuberculosis (p=0.009) was more common in young adult, while DM (p=0.001) was more common in elderly .Comparison of radiological findings in young adults vs. elderly patients shown a typical findings (p=0.036) which is more in elderly .There was no significant difference in the incidence of recurrence between the two groups.CONCLUSION:There was no significant difference in the symptoms between elderly and younger age groups .Family history of PTB was more common in young adults, while DM was more common in elderly.A typical radiological findings were more in elderly.There was no significant difference in the incidence of recurrence between the two groups

Keywords

tuberculosis --- age --- radiology


Article
Loosing or damaging occur in x-ray films and Its effects on patient health
فقدان أو إتلاف يحدث في أفلام الأشعة السينية وتأثيرها على صحة المريض

Author: Samerra H. Abdullah
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2013 Volume: 19 Issue: 2 Pages: 296-304
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Radiography is the use of X-rays to view a non-uniformly composed material such as the human body. By using the physical properties of the x-ray an image can be developed which displays areas of different density and composition. This retrospective descriptive study aimed to assess the ratio and the reasons why damaged X- ray films had been detected by the staff of the x-ray department of the Azadi Hospital in Kirkuk city. The present study was carried on 1651 patients who attended radiological department, for period from 1-7-2012 to 30-9-2012. The result showed percentage of x-ray film damaging or losing (25.13%), these losing caused by errors occurred during radiology process, the most x-ray films damaging comes from Technical errors (exposure dose and film processing errors) would be 253 (60.9%)of x-ray film. These errors increase the risk of radiation effects on patients health due to retake x-ray film, patient exposed another dose of radiation.increased.X ray.film.loosing. .

التصوير الشعاعي هو استخدام الأشعة السينية لعرض المواد تتألف غير موحد مثل جسم الإنسان. باستخدام الخصائص الفيزيائية للأشعة السينية صورة يمكن وضعها الذي يعرض مجالات مختلفة الكثافة وتكوينها.هذه دراسة وصفية بأثر رجعي تهدف لتقييم نسبة والأسباب قد تم الكشف التالفة أفلام الأشعة السينية من قبل موظفي قسم الأشعة السينية في مستشفى آزادي في مدينة كركوك. وقد أجريت هذه الدراسة على 1651 مريضا الذين حضروا قسم الإشعاعية، للفترة من 1-7-2012 إلى 30-9-2012. وأظهرت نتيجة النسبة المئوية للفيلم الأشعة السينية ضارة أو فقدان (25.13٪)، وهذه سببها فقدان حدثت أخطاء أثناء عملية الأشعة، ومعظم الأفلام الأشعة السينية الإضرار يأتي من الأخطاء التقنية (جرعة التعرض ومعالجة الأخطاء فيلم) سيكون 253 (60.9٪) من فيلم الأشعة السينية. هذه الأخطاء تزيد من خطر الآثار الإشعاع على صحة المرضى نظرا لاستعادة فيلم الأشعة السينية، يتعرض المريض جرعة أخرى من radiation.increased.X ray.film.loosing. .


Article
Facial dimensions and asymmetry in clinically symmetrical faces with skeletal Class I & Class III malocclusion in an adult sample aged between 18-28 years (digital panoramic study)

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Abstract

Background: Several studies attempted to find the relationship between facial asymmetry and malocclusion andmany authors found some extent of asymmetry in individuals with normal occlusion. The purposes of this study wereto assess the amount and direction of facial asymmetry and the differences in facial angles and dimensions inclinically symmetrical faces with class I normal occlusion and class III malocclusion for both genders.Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 58 individuals with clinically symmetrical faces aged 18-28 years,divided into two groups; class I group consisted of 30 individuals (14 males and 16 females) and class III groupconsisted of 28 individuals (14 males and 14 females). Clinical examination and digital lateral cephalometric andpanoramic radiographs were performed for each individual. Four angular (Go, Y-C-Go, Y-C-PTM and Y-C-O) andthree areal measurements (Maxillary, Mandibular and dental) were measured for each individual’s panoramicradiograph using AutoCAD program 2008.Results and Conclusions: The results showed that clinically symmetrical faces demonstrate significant asymmetry withthe left side being significantly larger than the right side and the amount of asymmetry was more at the level of themandible and the least amount of asymmetry was found at the dental area. The amount of asymmetry wasindependent of neither gender nor skeletal jaws relationship. Facial structures in term of size and shape are larger inmales than in females in both class I and class III groups.


Article
Traumatic Diaphragmatic Rupture
اصابات الحجاب الحاجز التمزقیة

Author: Sameer Mohi-Aldeen سمير محي الدين احمد
Journal: Al-Mustansiriyah Journal for Pharmaceutical Sciences مجلة المستنصرية للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 18150993 Year: 2014 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 108-115
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:To describe changes in the presentation, examination of the chest in patients withdiaphragmatic rupture, was reviewed to identify the difficulty in the diagnosis and treatmentof this injury. Between April 2006-and December 2012, 38-patients with traumaticdiaphragmatic rupture were treated, and analyzed demographic data , cause of injury, extentand location of the diaphragmatic lesion with herniated organs, were described the clinicalpresentation.Retrospective study of 38-cases, 36-male, 2-female, 37 cases left side, one case rightside. Main cause was penetrating injury 35-cases, blast injury (12), gunshot (16), stab (7).Blunt injury 3-cases, road traffic accident (2), post-operative damage and tear the diaphragm(1) case. Average age33-year, range (4-65years old).The diagnosis made by C-XR, C-T Scan,MRI, were grade of injury II-IV most common, associated injury stomach, spleen, bowel,kidney, retroperitoneal hematoma, liver. Repair through laparotomy and thoracotomy. Chestpain abdominal pain shock was the main presentation.The study showed the suspicion beside the radiological C-XR, C-T Scan are veryuseful in initial diagnostic approach to traumatic diaphragmatic rupture. The difficulty is thatdiaphragmatic injuries particularly after penetrating trauma may initially go unnoticed andwithout changes in the C-XR Images diagnosis is made difficult. Early diagnosed, treatmentreduces intra and postoperative morbidity and mortality.

الخلاصة:تھدف ھذه الدراسة لمعرفة التغیرات التي تصاحب إصابات تمزق الحجاب الحاجز من أعراض وفحص سریريللبطن والصدر، تم استعراض الصعوبات التي تواجھ التشخیص والعلاج المبكر لھذه الاصابات، حیث تم علاج 38 مریضامصابین بمزق الحجاب الحاجز نتیجة الاصابات للفترة بین نیسان (ابریل) 2006 وكانون الاول (دیسمبر) 2012 ، وتحلیلالبیانات الدیموغرافیة لمعرفة طرق الاصابات ونوع الاصابة وحجمھا ودخول أحشاء البطن الى الصدر ووصف علاماتسریریة لھذه الاصابات.بینت النتائج من خلال دراسة استرجاعیة ل 38 حالة ( 36 حالة من الذكور، 2–أناث)، منھا ( 37 حالة الجانبالایسر، وحالة واحدة في الجانب الأیمن)، حیث تبین أن السبب الرئیسي ھو اصابات الاختراقیة 35 حالة، منھا اصاباتالانفجار ( 12 )، طلق ناري ( 16 )، طعن بأداة حادة ( 7)، اصابات غیر مخترقة (شدة خارجیة) 3 حالات، منھا إصابةحادث مرور ( 2)، والضرر ما بعد الجراحة وتمزق الحجاب الحاجز ( 1) حالة، وكان متوسط العمر 33 سنة، ومعدل65 سنة)، وكان التشخیص عن طریق الاشعة السینیة، الأشعة المقطعیة، الرنین المغناطیسي، وكانت درجة - العمر ( 4الأكثر شیوعا في المعدة، الطحال، الأمعاء والكلى. II-IV الإصابةأظھرت الدراسة ان التشخیص ھو عن طریق اشتباه والشك وكذلك الفحوصات الإشعاعیة السینیة، الأشعةالمقطعیة ھي مفیدة للوصول للتشخیص الاولي لتمزق الحجاب الحاجز وتكمن الصعوبة في التشخیص الإصابات الحجابخصوصا بعد الاصابات الاختراقیة قد تذھب دون أن یلاحظھا أحد في البدایة وقد تحدث دون ظھور العلامات في الرقائقالشعاعیة الاولیة مما یؤدي الى صعوبة التشخیص. وأكدت الدراسة أن التشخیص المبكر والعلاج المبكر یقلل من نسبةالمضاعفات والوفیات.


Article
Assessment of entrance skin doses and radiation protection for pediatric X-ray examination
تقييم جرعات الجلد المدخل والحماية من الإشعاع لفحص الأشعة السينية للأطفال

Authors: Runak Tahir Ali --- Rozhan Ahmad Hamad Saeed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2017 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 1878-1883
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Entrance skin dose is the value of the radiation absorbed dose by the skin where the X-ray beam enters the patients. Assessment of entrance skin doses, specifically for pediatric radiology, is very crucial as the children are dividing cells rapidly and are more sensitive to radiation than adults. Their cells can be easily damaged by excessive radiation dose. This study is considered as an attempt to evaluate the effects of diagnostic X-ray on pediatric patients throughout measuring the entrance skin doses and hematological parameters for pediatric patients. Ways of protecting themselves from X-ray hazards is also included.Methods: A case-control study was used to collecting the data for 70 pediatric patients from October 2015 to August 2016 at Radiology Departments of five governmental hospitals throughout Hawler city the capital of Kurdistan Region- Iraq. Pediatric patients aged between (1 day - 6 years) they were divided into case and control group by which 40 of them had got diagnostic X-ray examination as (case group) and 30 of them had not had past history of taking X-rays as (control group). Entrance skin dose was measured indirectly via parameters such as a focus on skin distance, tube voltage (KV) and tube current (mAs) in an arithmetical equation.Results: High level of entrance skin doses were received by pediatric patients in this study. Also, it was found that diagnostic X-ray has effects on pediatrics white blood cells and platelets with the significant difference between case and control group and p-values (< 0.001 and 0.006) respectively.Conclusion: Entrance skin doses levels received by pediatric patients in this study was higher than other studies level and then pediatric patients will be at risk if they are exposed to unnecessary exposure to ionizing radiation. It is important to focus on improving pediatric radiography for reducing the hazards of X-ray radiation on pediatric patients.


Article
Chronic Pelvic pain of myofascial origin in a 53 year old patient

Authors: Patricia McWalter --- Tarfah Al-Muammar --- Kevin Hafez
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 4 Pages: 236-239
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Chronic pelvic pain in women has a multifactorial etiology but pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunction is not routinely evaluated as a cause by gynaecologists. There is no gold standard diagnostic test for pelvic musculoskeletal problems. Our patient presented to a gynaecologist because of chronic pelvic pain. However no gynaecological cause was found for her symptoms. This patient enjoyed sport particularly horse riding. Imaging revealed osteitis pubis and an osteophyte of the sacro-ilium. It has been recognised in athletes that there can be an association between stress injuries to the pubic symphysis and degenerative changes at the sacro-ilium. This case demonstrates the importance of thinking of a myofascial cause for chronic pelvic pain.


Article
Measuring The Contribution Of The Computerized Health Information Enhancing Health Service Quality An Exploratory Study In A Number Of Hospitals In The City Of Mosul
قياس مدى إسهام نظام المعلومات الصحي المحوسب في تعزيز جودة الخدمة الصحية دراسة استطلاعية في عدد من مستشفيات مدينة الموصل Measuring The Contribution Of The Computerized Health Information Enhancing Health Service Quality An Exploratory Study In A Number Of Hospitals In The City Of Mosul

Author: Mohammad M. H. AL-Mulla Hasan(PhD) الدكتور محمد محمود حامد الملاحسن
Journal: TANMIAT AL-RAFIDAIN تنمية الرافدين ISSN: 1609591X Year: 2018 Volume: 37 Issue: 119 Pages: 247-266
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The current research aims to investigate the extant of computerized healthy information system sharing in the reinforcement of healthy service quality in a group of hospitals in Mosul City. The Computerized healthy information system regarded as an important factor in hospitals work because it helps the decision makers (the doctor) to diagnose the case and support the presentation of a high quality healthy service which consequently leads to a person satisfaction. In order to achieve the goal of the research, a questionnaire form was distributed to a sample of (4) hospitals in Mosul City. Statistical analysis (SPSS- Vr.19) was used to test the hypothesis. The researchers conclude the following findings: 1.There is a compatible relationship between of Computerized healthy information system and healthy service quality.2.The computerized healthy information system has a participation in supporting healthy service quality in the surveyed hospitals.According to these findings, a number of suggestions were presented the most important one:1.The top management in hospitals must continuation of scientific research to develop computerized healthy information system which adapted the technological and scientific developments in presenting an advanced health services.2.The surveyed hospitals must be support the positive aspect in using computerized hospitals information system to reinforce healthy service quality and to decreasing the negative cases.

يهدف البحث الحالي إلى بيان قياس مدى مساهمة نظام المعلومات الصحي المحوسب في تعزيز جودة الخدمة الصحية لمجموعة من المستشفيات العاملة في مدينة الموصل، إذ يمثل نظام المعلومات الصحي المحوسب أهمية كبيرة في عمل تلك المستشفيات، لما يقدمه من المعلومات التي تساعد متخذ القرار (الطبيب) في تشخيص الحالة المرضية للمريض، وبما يدعم خدمة صحية تؤدي إلى رضا المريض عن تلك المستشفى، ولتحقيق أهداف هذا البحث فقد تم تطوير استبانة وتوزيعها على عينة من المستشفيات في مدينة الموصل و المكونة من 4 مستشفيات، وتم التحقق من الفرضيات التي وضعها الباحث باستخدام مجموعة من الأدوات الاحصائية التي يوفرها البرنامج الإحصائي (SPSS Vr.19)، وقد توصل البحث إلى عدد من الاستنتاجات أهمها:1.وجود علاقة توافقية بين بعد نظام المعلومات الصحية المحوسب وجودة الخدمة الصحية.2.إنَّ نظام المعلومات الصحي المحوسب يسهم في دعم جودة الخدمة الصحية في المستشفيات المبحوثة.وبناءً على الاستنتاجات التي تم التوصل إليها تم وضع مجموعة من المقترحات أهمها1.يتطلب من إدارات المستشفى مواصلة البحث العلمي في تطوير نظام المعلومات الصحي المحوسب وبما يتلاءم مع التطورات العلمية والتقنية في تقديم أفضل الخدمات الصحية للمرضى.2.على المستشفيات المبحوثة تدعيم الجانب الايجابي في استخدام نظام المعلومات الصحية المحوسب في تعزيز جودة الخدمة الصحية وتقليل الحالات السلبية له.


Journal
Duhok Medical Journal
مجلة دهوك الطبية

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Abstract

Duhok Medical Journal (DMJ) is a peer-reviewed, Open Access and non-profit journal published biannually by Duhok College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.DMJ is sponsored by the University of Duhok- College of Medicine is a signatory journal to the uniform requirement for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals, February 2006 [updated 2017] (http://dmj.uod.ac/index.php/dmj/index. It is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research and reviews articles in the aspects related to medical disciplines to ensure rapid and wide dissemination of the results of scientific researches to enhance the development of academic disciplines and serve the society. The Journal has obtained the International Standard Serial Number: ISSN 2071-7326 (print) and ISSN 2071-7334(Online). In addition, DMJ has obtained the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) from Crossref Organization which be identified via this link https://doi.org/10.31386/eissn.2071-7334.To present your original work for should be submitted online in English together with Kurdish and Arabic abstracts should be submitted to DMJ online [http://dmj.uod.ac/index.php/dmj/about/submissions#authorGuidelines]

مجلة دهوك الطبية (DMJ) هي مجلة مفتوحة المصدر غير ربحية تتم اصدارها مرتين في السنة من قبل كلية الطب في دهوك، جامعة دهوك ، إقليم كردستان - العراق. مجلة دهوك هي مجلة موقعة على شرط المتطلبات الرسمية للبحوث والمقالات إلتى تقدم المجلات الطبية الحيوية ، تم انشاءها في شباط 2006 [تم تحديثها في 2017.( (http://dmj.uod.ac/index.php/dmj/index.مجلة دهوك الطبية يتم مراجعتها من قبل مقيمين وأساتذه ذوي اختصاصات طبية مختلفه معتمدين ويتم نشر الأبحاث الأصلية وتراجع المقالات في الجوانب المتعلقة بالاختصاصات الطبية لضمان النشر السريع والواسع لنتائج الأبحاث العلمية لتعزيز التطوير العلمي وقد حصلت المجلة على الرقم القياسي الدولي المعياري المطبعي ISSN 2071-7326 و على الإنترنت ISSN 2071-7334، بالإضافة إلى ذلك، حصلت DMJ على معرف الوثيقة الرقمي (DOI) من منظمة Crossref التي يتم تحديدها عبر هذا الرابط https://doi.org/10.31386/eissn.2071-7334.من اجل تقديم بحثتك ل DMJ للنشر ينبغي تقديمه عبرالإنترنت باللغة الإنجليزية مع ملخصات كردية وعربية ينبغي تقديمها إلى الرابط [http://dmj.uod.ac/index.php/dmj/about/submissions #authorGuidelines]

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