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Article
The Skeletal Posterior Facial Heights Change Among Adolescent Subjects (A Cephalometric Study)

Authors: Hussain A Obaidi --- Manar Y Abdul–Qadir
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 12 Pages: 151-156
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To find out the changes among four age groups for total posterior facial height, upper anterior facial height and lower posterior facial height. Materials and Methods: The sample subjects were having normal class I molar relationships. The sample included: age 11 years (23 males and 25 females),age 12 years (19 males and 22 females), age 13 years (22 males and 28 females), and age 14 years (22 males and 22 females). All subjects were radiographed with lateral cephalometric films and the films were traced. The traced parameters of facial heights were measured. The results were subjected to the descriptive statistics and to the ANOVA And Duncan’s Multiple Range tests to detect the changes among the four age groups and to student's t–test to explore the sex variation fort these parameters.Results: The total posterior facial height displayed no significant change between 13 and 14 years groups, however, the values at both 13 and 14 years groups were significantly greater than that at11 year. The lower posterior facial height in males demonstrated a significantly higher value at 14 years group as compared to both 11 and 12 years groups, while females showed significantly higher value for both 13 and 14 years groups than 11 years group. The sex variation of the facial heights showed that males possessed significantly greater values than females for the lower anterior facial height at 11 years group, the changing also displayed significantly greater value for the total posterior facial heights at 14 years group. Conclusions: Both sexes tend to show an increase in the facial heights with the increase in the age groups and there are significant changes in facial heights between males and females except for total posterior facial height at 14 years age group.


Article
RAMUS HEIGHT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH SKELETAL AND DENTAL MEASUREMENTS

Author: Yassir A. Yassir
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2013 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess mandibular ramus height and to assess the relationship of ramus heightwith various craniofacial and dental measurements in a sample of Iraqi adults with skeletal and dental Class I.Materials and method: The sample consisted of 95 Iraqi adults (54 females and 41 males) having normal occlusion andClass I skeletal pattern aged between 18 and 31 years. Each individual was subjected to clinical examination and digital truelateral cephalometric radiography. The radiographs were analyzed using AutoCAD 2007 software computer program to de- termine ten linear and seven angular measurements. Descriptive statistics were obtained and independent samples t-test wasperformed to evaluate the gender differences, while Pearson’s correlation coefficient test was used to identify correlationsbetween ramus height and other measurements.Results: All linear measurements were significantly higher in males, while angular measurements showed non-significantdifferences between males and females, except for SN-MP, SN-PP, and N-S-Ar angles which were significantly higher in fe- males than in males. For both genders, there were significant positive correlations between ramus height and posterior facialheight, maxillary and mandibular molar dentoalveolar heights, while there were significant negative correlations with SN-MP,PP-MP, and Ar-Go-Me angles. Ramus height in females showed a significant positive correlation with N-S-Ar angle, and asignificant negative correlation with S-Ar-Go angle.Conclusions: Ramus height was directly correlated with intermaxillary space in the posterior region, and inversely correlatedwith angles of mandibular rotation.

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