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Article
Swyer-James-Macleod Syndrome in a Sixty Year Old Patient
متلازمة سواير جيمس ماكليود في مريض عمره ستون عاماً

Authors: Patricia McWalter د. باتريشيا مك ولتر --- Amal Al-Shmassi د. امل الشمسي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2011 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 361-363
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome (SJMS) is an uncommon, acquired condition characterised by unilateral hyperlucency of the lung and associated with the development of emphysema, bronchiectasis and/or bronchiolitis obliterans (1). It is thought to be due to sequelae of childhood respiratory infections (2). In SJMS, the involved lung or portion of the lung does not grow normally and is slightly smaller than the opposite lung (3). This case demonstrates the importance of considering SJMS in patients with recurrent respiratory infections and unilateral lung hyperlucency on chest x-ray.We report the case of a 60 year old man who has a long history of recurrent sinusitis and respiratory tract infections. Although he had been diagnosed with bronchiectasis at a younger age, it wasn’t until the age of 60, that Computed Tomography (CT) of chest confirmed Swyer-James syndrome. This case demonstrates the importance of considering SJMS in patients with recurrent respiratory infections and unilateral hyperlucency on chest x-ray.Key words: Respiratory system, Swyer-James-Macleod Syndrome Ear, nose & throat


Article
Anatomical and Morphometric Study of the Trachea in Pied Kingfisher Birds ( Ceryle rudis ).

Author: Nabeel Abd Murad Al-Mamoori
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2016 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 15-23
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The present study include eleven of the Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) birds from both sex, the weight and length of body were (98 ± 6.901gm), (32 ± 0.524 cm) respectively. The trachea characterized by a long flexible tube (6.34 ± 0.26 cm) in length and this refer to (49.403%) from the ratio length of respiratory system. It was mostly extend along the right side of the neck ventral to the esophagus and then enter the coelomic cavity. The trachea extend rostrally from the caudal end of the cricoid cartilage of the larynx into the connection between the trachea and syrinx (First tracheosyringeal cartilage ) caudally. The weight of trachea was (0.152 ± 0.018 gm) and this refer to (9.331%) from the weight of respiratory system. The cartilage rings which forming the trachea was oval in shaped and form the basic unit structure of the trachea. The total number of tracheal cartilage rings was (64.2 ± 1.2) and the diameter of the cartilage rings unequal and show a gradual decrease of its connection of the larynx into the syrinx and the mean of perimeter of the trachea connection with larynx was (43.252 ± 1.911 mm), while the connection with syrinx was (22.915 ± 1.152 mm). It can be see two skeletal muscles connected with trachea were trachiolateralis and sternotrachealis muscles.


Article
A Study of blood gases (PO2, PCO2, HCO3-) changes after long exposure to formaldehyde vapor on the respiratory system of rabbits
دراسة التغير في غازات الدم بعد التعريض لفترة طويلة لبخار الفورماليديهايد عن طريق الجهاز التنفسي في الأرانب

Authors: B. F. Al-Hussany بهاء فخري الحسني --- A.F. Reshak علي فارس رشك --- T. A. Abass ثامر عبود عباس
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 14-19
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

This study was planned to reveal the changes in blood gases after long exposure to formaldehyde vapor on the respiratory system of rabbits. Treated animals were housed in closed room and exposed to formaldehyde fume using 10% formalin solution for a period of six months. Exposure was twenty-three hours for the whole period of experiment, and one hour a day was left for ventilation. Control group was exposed to distilled water humidity. There were significant differences between PO2, PCO2 (Partial Pressure) and HCO3- in addition to pH, hemoglobin, packed cell volume and reticulocyte counts.

صممت هذه الدراسة لمعرفة التغيرات في غازات الدم لدى الأرانب بعد تعريضها لفترة طويلة لبخار الفورمالديهايد على الجهاز التنفسي. وضعت الحيوانات في غرفة مغلقة وعرضت لبخار الفورمالديهايد باستعمال ١٠% محلول الفورمالين على مدى ستة أشهر فترة التعريض كانت 23 ساعة يوميا خلال فترة التجربة وساعه واحدة للتهوية في حين عرضت مجموعة السيطرة الى بخار ماء المقطر فقط. كان هناك اختلافات إحصائية بين الضغط الجزيئي لغاز الأوكسجين (PO2), الضغط الجزيئي لغاز ثاني أوكسيد الكاربون (PCO2), آيون البيكاربونات (HCO3-) بالإضافة الى حامضية الدم, الهيموغلوبين, حجم الخلايا المضغوطة وعدد الخلايا الشبكية.


Article
Anatomical And Morphometric Study Of The Trachea, Primary Bronchi And Lung In Laughing Dove ( Streptopelia Senegalensis(.

Authors: Nabeel Abd Murad Al-Mamoori --- Maha Abdul-Hadi Abdul-Rida Al-Abdula
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2016 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 111-119
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

In the current study use ten of the laughing dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) birds from both sexes, the body weight was (102.811±3.599gm). The present study include the morphometric features of the trachea, primary bronchi and lungs. The trachea was appear long flexible tube consist from several number of the cartilage rings closed like (O) shape which refer to the basic unit structure of the trachea. The mean length of the trachea was (6.166±0.176 cm) and this form (66.544 %) from the total length of the respiratory system. The primary bronchi appear as short tubes consist from several number of cartilage rings has (C) shape open from the medial side, connected together by transparent membrane. The length of right and left primary bronchi was ( 5.6 ± 0.4 mm ) ( 6.6 ± 0.2 mm ) and this form (6.043 %) (7.122%) respectively from the total length of the respiratory system. The lungs was pink into light red color, triangular or pyramidal-shaped. Each lung consist from two surfaces costal and visceral surfaces and three borders were lateral, medial and posterior borders. In the costal surface can be seen the lung contain five impressions. The length of the right and left lungs were ( 1.633 ± 0.02 cm ) ( 1.533 ± 0.03 cm ) and this form low percentage from the length of the respiratory system reaches into (17.623 %) and (16.544 %) and the thickness of right and left lungs were (4 ± 0.44 mm) (4.6 ± 0.49 mm), while the weight of the right and left lungs was (0.325 ± 0.032 gm) (0.308 ± 0.018 gm) respectively.


Article
Effect of climate on geographical distribution of respiratory diseases in Abu Ghraib district
اثر المناخ على التوزيع الجغرافي للأمراض التي تصيب الجهاز التنفسي في قضاء ابي غريب

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Abstract

Affect climatic elements on human health, as have the elements of the climate impact on the geographical distribution of respiratory diseases in the district of Abu Ghraib, some diseases are concentrated in the area and move to another, also affect climatic elements on many of the germs and bacteria that cause respiratory diseases, but not limited impact on the distribution of diseases and spread, but affect the prevalence of a disease in a particular month or a certain age, therefore climate basic Banazare of natural factors that have a role in the increase or stimulate the activity of bacteria or microbes that cause many diseases that affect the respiratory system is, and the results of a Study is the spatial changes NiCd weather accompanied by spatial changes in the prevalence of the disease.

توثر العناصر المناخية على صحة الانسان، أذ يكون لعناصر المناخ اثر على التوزيع الجغرافي لأمراض الجهاز التنفسي في قضاء ابي غريب، فبعض الامراض تتركز في منطقة وتنتقل الى اخرى، كما توثر العناصر المناخية على كثير من الجراثيم والبكتريا المسببة للأمراض التنفسية، ولايقتصر تأثيرها على توزيع الامراض وانتشارها وانما توثر على مدى انتشار احدى الامراض في شهر معين او سنه معينة، فلذلك يعد المناخ بعناصره الاساسية من العوامل الطبيعية التي يكون لها دور في زيادة او تحفيز نشاط البكتريا او الميكروبات المسببة لكثير من الامراض التي تصيب الجهاز التنفسي، ومن نتائج الدراسة هو التغيرات المكانية لحوال الطقس يصاحبها تغيرات مكانية في نسبة انتشار المرض.


Article
Histological study of lungs in local chicken
دراسة نسيجية للرئتين في الدجاج المحلي

Authors: Nuha Shaker نهى شاكر --- Iman Ibraheem AL-hacham ايمان ابراهيم الحجام
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-4
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

The study aim to investigate the histological structure of lungs of local chicken and compare them with the other species of birds with foundation of the differences. Ten birds of local chicken 9 months old were dissected. The lungs were takeout, examined, fixed with formalin, and specimens in cross and longitudinal sections were taken for histological examinations. Grossly we notice that the lungs are symmetrical structures located in the dorsal part of thoracic cavity at the level of the second rib, not reach to the last rib. Histologically seen the lung has many lobules which contain a central area of tertiary bronchi surrounded by pulmonary parenchymal capsule, The connective tissue have branches of pulmonary artery and vein with some elastic fibers. The Tertiary bronchi lead to several atria which pass to air capillaries which are the terminal branches of bronchi and the area of gas exchange instead of alveoli in mammals.

تهدف الدراسة الى دراسة البنيان النسيجي للرئتين في الدجاج المحلي ومقارنتها مع أنواع الطيور الأخرى وملاحظة الاختلافات الموجودة بينها. استخدمت عشرة طيور من الدجاج المحلي بعمر تسعة أشهرحيث جرى تشريحها واستخراج الرئتين منها وبعد دراستها عيانيا جرى تثبيتها بالفورمالين ثم اخذت منها عينات بمقاطع طولية وعرضية لغرض الدراسة النسيجية. عيانيا لوحظ بأن رئتي الدجاج المحلي هي عبارة عن تراكيب متماثلة تقع في الجزء الظهري من التجويف الصدري عند مستوى الضلع الثاني ولا تصل إلى الضلع الأخير، أما نسيجيا فتمتلك الرئة الواحدة العديد من الفصيصات الحاوية على منطقة مركزية من القصبات الثالثية محاطة بمنطقة من متن الرئة كما أن النسيج الضام يحتوي على فروع للشريان والوريد الرئوي والألياف المرنة الرقيقة , تؤدي القصبات الثالثية إلى العديد من الأذينات المؤدية بدورها إلى الشعيرات الهوائية وهي الفروع الانتهائية للقصبات ومنطقة التبادل الغازي للرئة بدلاً من الاسناخ في اللبائن.

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