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Article
The Relationship Between Calcium, Magnesium And Inorganic Phosphate of Human Mixed Saliva And Dental Caries

Authors: Dr. Ali Sultan Al-Refai B.D.S., M.Sc., Ph.D.** د. علي سلطان --- Dr. Shukria Mohammad Al –Zahawi B.D.S.,M.Sc.* د.شكرية محمد
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2007 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 157-161
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Selected elements in stimulated whole saliva, and dental caries experience were studied. The stimulated mixed saliva samples were obtained from (56) dental students with an age range between (18 – 23) years. Every salivary sample was centrifuged at (1800 r.p.m) for (6) minute at room temperature. The results showed that the DMFS and DMFT values for females were higher than that of the males in all age groups. The concentration of inorganic phosphate was higher than that of calcium and magnesium and the females showed lower values than males.A negative correlation was recorded between the concentration of calcium, magnesium and inorganic phosphate with the DMFS and DMFT. Significant relation was found between the concentration of calcium with the DMFS and highly significant difference with DS and DMFT. Non significant difference was found between the concentration of inorganic phosphate with the DMFS and DMFT. Highly significant difference was found between the concentration of magnesium and DMFS, FS and DMFT.


Article
Evaluation of salivary α-L-Fucose and its related parameters in periodontitis
تقييم اللعاب α-L-Fucose والمعلمات ذات الصلة في التهاب اللثة

Authors: Bakhtiar Mohiadeen Ahmed --- Mohammed Ahmed Wsoo
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 563-569
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Periodontitis is one of the most widespread oral diseases in Kurdistan. Saliva can be used as a noninvasive diagnostic fluid to measure chemical biomarkers released during oral disease, so this work is directed to focus on the study of salivary fucose (a glycoprotein component) and its related parameters in periodontitis, to assess the possibility of using them as indicators for the disease and its progress.Methods: The present work included 79 individuals. They were grouped into healthy (32), advanced periodontitis (20) and moderate periodontitis(27) subjects. Their age was ranged between (20-60) years. Unstimulated whole saliva samples were collected from all the groups. The samples were used for the estimation of salivary; total fucose (TF), protein bound fucose (PBF), protein bound hexose (PBH), lipid associated fucose (LAF), total protein (TP), total calcium (TCa), zinc (Zn), and salivary magnesium (Mg).Results: Salivary TF, LAF, FF, PBF, TP and TCa were significantly increased in both advanced and moderate periodontic groups comparing to healthy individuals, while there were no significant differences in salivary PBH, Mg and Mg/Ca levels in periodontic groups when compared to normal. Salivary TF/TP, PBF/TP, PBH/TP and FF/TP ratios and salivary zinc were significantly reduced in periodontic males.Conclusion: On the basis of the above results, it can be concluded that these biochemical parameters, may be used as indicators for the extent of periodontal tissue damage, thus they can be used in the identification of periodontitis progresses and treatment follow up.


Article
Detection of salivary flow rate and minerals in smokers and non smokers with chronic periodontitis (Clinical and Biochemical study)

Authors: Basima Gh. Ali باسمة علي --- Omar Husham Ali عمر هشام علي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 68-71
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Chronic periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the supporting tissues of the teeth and it’s acommon chronic adult condition. Smoking is considering a major risk factor for development and progression ofperiodontal disease, and it has an effect to the salivary minerals which cooperate with plaque and calculusinitiation, maturation, and metabolism with periodontal disease formation. The purpose of this study was to evaluatethe effect of smoking on the salivary minerals in subjects with chronic periodontitis compared to healthy subjects bybiochemical analysis of these minerals. .Materials and methods: The study group included 75 males–25 males smokers with chronic periodontitis (G1), 25males non-smokers with chronic periodontitis (G2) and 25 males non smokers with healthy periodontium (G3). All withan age rang 30-40 years. Clinical measurements include (PLI, BOP, PPD, CAL) were determined for each toothexcept third molar. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected. PH and salivary flow rate (SFR) were obtained and thelevels of five elements–sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and phosphate in each specimen were analyzed.Results: A highly significant difference in PLI in (G1) group than in (G3) group and a non significant in (G1) group than(G2) group. A highly significant relation of gingival bleeding on probing in (G2) group in compared to (G1) groupwith very clearly marked decrease in the total sites that bleed in smokers than non-smokers. Significant differences inPPD and CAL were found between (G1) group and (G2) group. The results of this study for salivary minerals showedthat there were high significant differences between (G1) group and (G2) group for Ca+2, Na+1 and K+1 ions andbetween (G1) group and (G3) group for Ca+2, Na+1, K+1 and Po4-3 ions while significant differences were found in (G1)group compared with the other groups for Mg+2 ion. Salivary flow rate was significantly higher in (G1) groupcompared with the other groups. A significant increase in PH level in (G1) group compared to (G3). In (G1) group,there was a significant positive correlation between the mean level of Ca+2 and PLI. There was also a significantnegative correlation between the mean level of Po4-3 and CAL.Conclusions: The researcher could conclude that monitoring for changes in salivary composition might be a usefultool to detect the effect of smoking on periodontal health status.

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