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Article
Evaluation of frictional forces generated by different brackets and orthodontic wires

Authors: Khulood A. Almakhzomi خلود المخزومي --- Nidhal H. Ghaib نضال حسين غايب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 126-131
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Sliding mechanics is widely used during orthodontic treatment. One of the disadvantages of thismechanics is the friction generated at the bracket/archwire interface, which may reduce the amount of desiredorthodontic movement obtained. The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the staticfrictional forces produced by two passive self-ligating brackets stainless-steel and hybrid and two conventionalbrackets stainless-steel and monocrystal ligated with stainless-steel ligature wire at two degrees of torque(zero andtwenty) under dry condition.Materials and method: One hundred and sixty brackets were used in this study divided into four groups each groupconsisted of forty brackets these are: Two self-ligating (stainless-steel and Hybrid) while the two conventional typesare the (stainless-steel and monocrystal).twenty of each group examined with 0.016"x0.022"archwire, ten at 0˚ torqueand ten at 20˚ torque while the other twenty of each group examined with 0.019"x0.025", ten at 0˚ torque and ten at20˚ torque.Results: There was a significant different between all groups except in case when self-ligating brackets (both types)ligated to both wires at 0˚torque there was no significant difference.Conclusions: The self- ligating brackets produce significantly lower static friction than the conventional types at bothdegrees of torque. There was no significant different between both self-ligating brackets at0˚torque while at 20˚torque the stainless- steel self –ligating produce lower static friction than the clear self-ligating type

Keywords

static --- friction --- self-ligating --- conventional --- torque


Article
Frictional Resistance in Self-ligating Orthodontic Brackets and Conventionally Ligated Brackets (An In Vitro Study)

Authors: Fadhil Y Jasim --- Lara R Al-Banaa
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 524-529
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was aimed to compare static frictional forces generated by 3 types of brackets (conventional, active self-ligating and passive self-ligating) combined with 3 different sizes of stainless steel wire. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of three types of brackets (Equilibrium 2, Empower, discovery sl) with a slot size 0.022 inch were coupled with 0.020, 0.018×0.025 and 0.019×0.025 inches stainless steel wires, The testing model consists of 6 brackets used to represent lower anterior teeth. Ten tests were carried out for each group of bracket-wire combination in dry state, frictional force were measured by tensile testing machine. A significant P value of 0.05 was predetermined. Results: self-ligating brackets produced significantly lower value (P ≤0.05) of mean of static friction than elastomerically tied conventional bracket. The frictional force increased proportionally to the wire size. Conclusions: The method of ligation appears to be the primary variable responsible for the frictional resistance generated by these types of brackets

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