research centers


Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by

Article
Evaluation of Patients with Liver InjuriesTreated by Perihepatic Gauze Packing

Author: Laith Naef Hindosh
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 35-44
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: The liver is one of the most common organs injured after blunt abdominal trauma. The control of severe hemorrhage remains a problem.
Methods: One-hundred thirty-eight patients diagnosed as liver injury between 09/2003 and 08/2006 had been evaluated prospectively in Al- Kindy Teaching Hospital.
A distinction was made between hemodynamically stable and unstable patients. Different modalities of surgical procedures were done concentrating on perihepatic gauze packing.
Results: (60 out of 138) patients included in the study were clinically evaluated as hemodynamically stable. The average abbreviated injury severity score (ISS) was 25. Twenty patients underwent abdominal surgery. In 12 of them additional liver treatment was performed. The mortality was three, all were non-liver related.
Seventy eight patients were considered to be hemodynamically unstable, and had an average ISS of 38. All of them needed abdominal surgery.
Gauze packing was used as initial therapy for bleeding control from injured liver in 34 patients of both hemodynamically stable and unstable groups with a mortality of 11 patients (32.7%).
Conclusion: perihepatic gauze packing is considered as a life saving and a quick method for controlling ongoing hemorrhage in the treatment of liver injuries before undertaking definitive repair under controlled conditions.
Key words: surgery, liver injury, and gauze packing.


Article
Evaluation of the Potential Role of Serum Seleniumin Diabetic Patients

Authors: * Abdul Kareem Y. J. Al-Sammraie --- Abbas M. R. Al-Mussawi --- Tawfeeq F. R. AL-Auqbi
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 45-49
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: The altered status of some essential trace elements observed in diabetes could have deleterious influences on the health of the diabetics.
Objectives: To estimate and study the potential role of serum Selenium in type 1, type 2 diabetics and healthy subjects; and its relation with lipid profile and glycemic index.
Methods: A case control designed study was carried out at the National Diabetes Center (NDC) / Al-Mustansiria University; on a total of 94 participants formed of 32 type 1 diabetics, 32 type 2 diabetics and 30 healthy control participants. Data collected about age, sex and BMI; also, blood samples examined for FPG, HbA1C, serum total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, serum triglyceride and sera were examined for Selenium by using atomic absorption technique.
Results: Type 1 and type 2 diabetic groups show respectively 75% and 65% decrement in S. Selenium, <70 µg/L. The mean of S. Selenium, age, BMI, waist/hip ratio, FPG, HbA1c, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, Non-HDL and atherogenic index (total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol) for the type 1 and type 2 diabetics shows statistically significant differences from control group. Type 1 diabetics versus type 2 diabetics shows statistically insignificant differences between mean of the S.Selenium, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and atherogenic index (t-test, P > 0.05) while the mean of FPG, HbA1c and triglyceride show highly statistical significant differences (t-test, < 0.001).Simple linear correlation and regression analysis of FPG, HbA1c, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, Non-HDL and atherogenic index of the studied groups shows weak to moderate correlation with their serum Selenium levels.
Conclusions: The inverse relationship between Selenium status and glucose tolerance suggest the potential role of Selenium in diabetics. Serum Selenium levels show high statistically significant differences from healthy subjects; while the differences between type1 and type 2 diabetic groups’ shows no statistically significant differences. Inverse correlations and regression were noticed between S.Selenium levels of all studied groups with their FPG, HbA1c, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, Non-HDL and atherogenic index. Low S.Selenium and HDL-cholesterol plus an increase in total cholesterol, non-HDL and atherogenic index enhance risk of cardiovascular diseases progression among the diabetics.
Key Words: Serum Selenium, diabetes mellitus


Article
Serum Selenium in Psoriatic Patients
ستوى السلينيوم في مصل مرضى الصدفية

Author: Adnan A. Al-Jebori عدنان عبد عون
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 409-413
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract:Background: Psoriasis is a common skin disorder affecting 1% to 3% of the population all over the world. Many etiological factors have been implicated but trace elements, especially selenium, may play an important role.Objective: This study was done to evaluate the serum level of selenium in patients with psoriasis and it's relation to clinical types, duration and surface area of the disease.Patients & Methods: Fifty patients (25 males & 25 females) with different ages and different types of psoriasis were chosen for this study. Also 50 non-psoriatic volunteers, sex and age matched were served as controls, evaluated for serum selenium level.Results: The result of this study has shown that 94% of psoriatic patients have low serum selenium compared with 4% among controls (P=0.0006). The type of psoriasis may have an effect on serum Selenium (P=0.025), the lowest mean serum selenium is found in plaque (non-scalp, non-palmo-planter) psoriasis (58% of patients). The higher extent of body involvements is associated significantly with reduced serum selenium (P=0.0004).Conclusion: From this study we can conclude that selenium deficiency may play a role in psoriasis since most patients (94%) have low serum level.

الملخص:الخلفية: داء الصدف من الآمراض الجلدية الشائعة يصيب 1% الى 3% من الناس في جميع أنحاء العالم. هناك عدة اسباب للمرض ولكن عناثر العناصر لاسيما السلينيوم قد تلعب دورا مهما في أسباب المرض الأهداف: أجريت هذه الدراسة لتقييم عنصر السلينيوم في مصل مرضى الصدفية وعلاقته بالأنواع السريرية ومدة المرض والمساحة السطحية للمرض.المرضى وطرق العمل: تم انتقاء 50 مريضا (25 ذكور و25 إناث) من مختلف الأعمار ومختلف انواع داء الصدف لهذه الدراسة وكذلك تم تقييم السلينيوم في مصل فئة مسيطرة عددها خمسون مطابقة من ناحية الجنس والعمر لمرضى الصدفية.النتائج: أظهرت نتائج هذه الدراسة إن 94% من مرضى الصدفية لديهم نسبة منخفضة من السلينيوم في مصل دمهم مقارنة بـ4% من الفئة المسيطرة، وهذا الفرق كان مفيدا إحصائيا (قيمة P =0,0006). إن نوع الصدفية يبدو مهما في تأثيره على مستوى السلينيوم كما أثبتت الدراسة (قيمة P =0,025)، واقل نسبة كانت لدى نوع الصدفية الصفيحية (58% من المرضى). إن سعة انتشار المرض كان مهما في خفض نسبة السلينيوم (قيمة P = 0,0004).الاستنتاج: من هذه الدراسة نستطيع أن نستنتج إن نقص السلينيوم في مصل مرضى الصدفية ممكن ان يلعب دورا مهما في مرض الصدفية لكون أكثر مرضى الصدفية (94%) أظهروا مستوى منخفض للسلينيوم في مصل دمهم.

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (3)


Language

English (3)


Year
From To Submit

2008 (2)

2007 (1)