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Article
A STUDY OF SERUM MAGNESIUM AND CALCIUM LEVELS IN MISSED ABORTION

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Abstract

Background:Pregnancy is considered as a physiological stress, normal static metabolism of a woman is changed into dynamic anabolism, calcium (Ca) is the first most abundant cation in the human body, whereas magnesium (Mg) is the fourth most abundant one, role of calcium and magnesium in enzymatic activity of cell to release energy is well established.Objective:To assess the relation of serum magnesium and calcium levels in cases of missed abortion.Methods:Eighty two pregnant women at their 1st and 2nd trimester of pregnancy (before 24 completed weeks of pregnancy), 42 of them with missed abortion compared with 40 normal pregnancies served as a control group. Calcium analysis done using manual colorimetric method while magnesium analysis was done by magnesium calmogite method at the hospital laboratories.Results:Serum calcium was found to be insignificantly altered while serum magnesium was found to be significantly reduced in cases of missed abortion compared with normal pregnancy. Serum Ca/Mg ratio was found to be significantly elevated in cases of missed abortion compared with normal controls.Conclusion:Estimation of serum magnesium and Ca/Mg ratio in selected pregnancies can be valuable parameters for predicting missed abortion.Keywords:Missed abortion, Serum Calcium, Serum Magnesium.


Article
Serum Magnesium Concentration in Patients with Leukemia and Lymphoma

Authors: Munaf S. Daoud --- Ali Y. majid** --- Wafa M. Merza
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 1 Pages: 101-104
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Leukemias and lymphomas are malignant disorders that occur in the blood forming organs and lymphoid tissue respectively. They are classified to types and several subtypes such as acute or chronic, lymphocytic or myelocytic and T-cell or B-cell lymphocytic for leukemias and histologically into Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s for lymphomas. Literatures do not contain many research work on magnesium in patients with these disorders, although this mineral is essential for many metabolic, enzymic, regulatory and immune reactions in the human body. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate the level of magnesium in the sera of patients with different types of leukemia and lymphoma. Patients and Methods: Fifty five patients with leukemia and lymphoma and twenty five healthy controls were studied. The patients were attendants of Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Pediatric Teaching Hospital from September 2006 to January 2007. The diagnosis was confirmed by examination of both peripheral blood, lymph node biopsy and/or bone marrow examination. Patients were categorized according to French-American-British Criteria. Thirty five patients with ALL, one with CLL, six with AML, three with CML, three with HL and seven with NHL. Venous blood was collected from each patient or control person and sera were obtained by centrifugation. S[Mg] was measured by Atomic Absorption Flame Spectrophotometry.Results:The Mean ± SD of S[Mg] in mg/dl of all types of leukemic and lymphomatous patients was lower than the controls. There was a high statistically significant difference (P<0.01) in patients with ALL and significant difference (P<0.05) in patients with AML and NHL and non-significant difference (P>0.05) in patients with CML and HL, compared with the control. Total patients group showed high significant difference (P<0.01) compared with control group. The mean distribution of S[Mg] among total patients indicated decreased (58.2%), normal (38.2%) and increased (3.6%) levels.Conclusion:The present study disclosed the existence of normal to decreased level of S[Mg] in patients with leukemia and lymphoma suggesting an influence of many variable factors. Although the decreased S[Mg] was statistically significant, it was still within lower normal range.


Article
Evaluation of Patients with Liver InjuriesTreated by Perihepatic Gauze Packing

Author: Laith Naef Hindosh
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 35-44
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The liver is one of the most common organs injured after blunt abdominal trauma. The control of severe hemorrhage remains a problem.
Methods: One-hundred thirty-eight patients diagnosed as liver injury between 09/2003 and 08/2006 had been evaluated prospectively in Al- Kindy Teaching Hospital.
A distinction was made between hemodynamically stable and unstable patients. Different modalities of surgical procedures were done concentrating on perihepatic gauze packing.
Results: (60 out of 138) patients included in the study were clinically evaluated as hemodynamically stable. The average abbreviated injury severity score (ISS) was 25. Twenty patients underwent abdominal surgery. In 12 of them additional liver treatment was performed. The mortality was three, all were non-liver related.
Seventy eight patients were considered to be hemodynamically unstable, and had an average ISS of 38. All of them needed abdominal surgery.
Gauze packing was used as initial therapy for bleeding control from injured liver in 34 patients of both hemodynamically stable and unstable groups with a mortality of 11 patients (32.7%).
Conclusion: perihepatic gauze packing is considered as a life saving and a quick method for controlling ongoing hemorrhage in the treatment of liver injuries before undertaking definitive repair under controlled conditions.
Key words: surgery, liver injury, and gauze packing.


Article
Evaluation of the Potential Role of Serum Seleniumin Diabetic Patients

Authors: * Abdul Kareem Y. J. Al-Sammraie --- Abbas M. R. Al-Mussawi --- Tawfeeq F. R. AL-Auqbi
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 45-49
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The altered status of some essential trace elements observed in diabetes could have deleterious influences on the health of the diabetics.
Objectives: To estimate and study the potential role of serum Selenium in type 1, type 2 diabetics and healthy subjects; and its relation with lipid profile and glycemic index.
Methods: A case control designed study was carried out at the National Diabetes Center (NDC) / Al-Mustansiria University; on a total of 94 participants formed of 32 type 1 diabetics, 32 type 2 diabetics and 30 healthy control participants. Data collected about age, sex and BMI; also, blood samples examined for FPG, HbA1C, serum total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, serum triglyceride and sera were examined for Selenium by using atomic absorption technique.
Results: Type 1 and type 2 diabetic groups show respectively 75% and 65% decrement in S. Selenium, <70 µg/L. The mean of S. Selenium, age, BMI, waist/hip ratio, FPG, HbA1c, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, Non-HDL and atherogenic index (total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol) for the type 1 and type 2 diabetics shows statistically significant differences from control group. Type 1 diabetics versus type 2 diabetics shows statistically insignificant differences between mean of the S.Selenium, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and atherogenic index (t-test, P > 0.05) while the mean of FPG, HbA1c and triglyceride show highly statistical significant differences (t-test, < 0.001).Simple linear correlation and regression analysis of FPG, HbA1c, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, Non-HDL and atherogenic index of the studied groups shows weak to moderate correlation with their serum Selenium levels.
Conclusions: The inverse relationship between Selenium status and glucose tolerance suggest the potential role of Selenium in diabetics. Serum Selenium levels show high statistically significant differences from healthy subjects; while the differences between type1 and type 2 diabetic groups’ shows no statistically significant differences. Inverse correlations and regression were noticed between S.Selenium levels of all studied groups with their FPG, HbA1c, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, Non-HDL and atherogenic index. Low S.Selenium and HDL-cholesterol plus an increase in total cholesterol, non-HDL and atherogenic index enhance risk of cardiovascular diseases progression among the diabetics.
Key Words: Serum Selenium, diabetes mellitus


Article
A Biochemical Study for Evaluation and Analysis of Serum Protein of Patients with Different Kidney Tumors
دراسة كيموحيوية لتقييم وتحليل البروتينات المصلية لدى مرضى الأورام الكلوية المختلفة

Authors: Majid Kadhum Husain ماجد كاظم حسين --- Hathama Razoki Hasan حذامة رزوقي حسن --- Rasha Hassan Jsiem رشا حسن جاسم
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2012 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 311-321
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The amount of protein in the serum depends on the balance between the rate of its synthesis, and that of its catabolism or loss. Abnormal metabolism may result from nutritional deficiency, enzyme deficiency, abnormal secretion of hormones, or the actions of drugs and toxins. Renal cancer is the third most common malignancy of the genitourinary system, and accounts for 3% of adult malignancies globally. Total serum proteins were measured in malignant kidney tumor, benign kidney tumors, and non tumoral kidney diseases patient groups, as well as in healthy individuals. A significant decrease (p< 0.001) of total serum protein levels in patients with malignant kidney tumors when compared with those of benign tumors, non tumoral diseases, and healthy individuals. The lowest serum protein levels were found in patients with stage IV, regardless their genders. Analysis of total serum proteins using PAGE revealed clear differences in the number and shape of the bands in patients with different kidney diseases compared with healthy controls.

كمية البروتين في المصل تعتمد التوازن بين نسبة التخليق ومقدار ما يؤيض منه هدمياً. الايض غير الطبيعي للبروتين قد يكون ناجماً عن نقص التغذية أو نقصاً إنزيميا أو عن افرازغير طبيعي للهرمونات أو نتيجة لفعل دوائي أو سمي. سرطان الكلية هو ثالث سرطانات الجهاز البولي شيوعاً ويشكل 3% من مجمل حالات السرطان. تم قياس مستويات البروتين الكلي في أمصال مرضى الأورام الكلوية الخبيثة منها والحميدة ومرضى الاعتلالات الكلوية غير الورمية وكذلك لدى الأفراد الأصحاء، وقد لوحظ انخفاض معنوياً(p < 0.001) في مستوى البروتينات المصلية عند مرضى الأورام الكلوية الخبيثة مقارنة مع أفراد باقي المجاميع، وقد سجلت أوطأ مستوياته عند مرضى المرحلة الرابعة من الورم بغض النظر عن جنس المريض.تحليل البروتينات الكلية باستخدام تقنية الترحيل الكهربائي على هلام الاكريل امايد لأمصال مجاميع الدراسة اظهر اختلافاً واضحاً في أعداد وأشكال الحزم عند مرضى الاعتلالات الكلوية مقارنة مع الأفراد الأصحاء.

Keywords

Serum proteins --- Kidney --- Tumors


Article
Complications of High Serum Ferritin Level after Splenectomy in β Thalassemic Patients

Author: Zuhair Omran Easa
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2009 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 243-250
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Objectives: Compare between splenectomized and non splenectomized β -thalassemic patients regarding clinical, biochemical and therapeutic characteristics. Methods: This study was conducted on 140 patients with beta thalassemia major and thalassemia intermedia, expressed as two groups (group I) splenectomized patients and (group II) non splenectomized patients, who were attending Thalassemia Center in Karbala Teaching Hospital for Children from the first of November 2007 through 30th of April 2008. Both groups were studied by physical examination, biochemical analysis, hemoglobin level, serum ferritin, hepatitis C virus antibodies, and hepatitis B surface antigen. Echocardiography was done for most of patients. Results: In group I patients, 82.9% were under transfused and 80% were underchelated, whereas 91.4% of group II patients were under transfused and 74.3% of them were underchelated. Complications including, cardiac complications, diabetes mellitus, bone deformities, and gall stone were higher in group I than group II patients, moreover, only bone deformities was detected in β- thalassemia intermedia patients of both groups. Splenectomy was beneficial in reducing frequency of blood transfusion in 77.1% of group I patients. Conclusions: There is an aggravating effect of splenectomy on hemosiderosis. High serum ferritin level in splenectomized patients is associated with higher incidence of complications.


Article
Serum copper levels in Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

Author: HAZZIM H. EDAN
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 36-41
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: The findings of previous research on the status of trace elements in diabetic patients have been controversial.A comparative study of serum copper in diabetic patients and healthy Iraqi controls is becoming important, particularly after the dietary shortage, as sequel of 13 years of sanctions.Objective: To study the difference of serum copper between the diabetic patients and healthy Iraqi people.Method: This is an outpatient-based study; it was carried out in AL-Rhasid Military Teaching Hospital during a period from March 2002 till February 2003 the study included seventy –four non insulin dependent diabetic patient (NIDDM) aged (40-62) year, forty – four from which have retinopathy and twenty – four have albuminuria (>50 mg/day) other seventy normal healthy control with comparable age (38-65) year. Blood samples were drowning fasting and the blood was left at room temperature for 10 minuets. Centrifuged 3000 rpm for 10 minuets, then serum was separated and stored at –20c0. The urine sample taken freshly, randomly on early morning and urine albumin was measured quantitatively by Lowry method, data were analyzed and compared with previous study resultConclusion: The clinical significance of serum copper in diabetes mellitus remain conflicting as well as controversial and many questions still remain unanswered but the decreased serum copper found in NIDDM in our study may merit further investigation of the relationship between copper and non-insulin dependent diabetes.


Article
THE SERUM COPPER AND ZINC VALUES OF THE SHEEP GROWN UP IN THI_QAR VILLAGES
قياس القيم المصلية للنحاس والزنك للأغنام التي تربى في قرى محافظة ذي قار

Author: Sheren Ali , Jalel abed شيرين علي حسن ,.جليل عبد غباط
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 265-269
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

he present study was planned to determine serum Micro mineral status (copper and zinc) of the sheep grown up in Thi_Qar villages .The serum copper &zinc values of the animals were analyzed .with atomic absorption spectrophotometer . The result showed there were non significant differences in all mean serum values of sheep except the mean serum values for animal which showed clinical sings were decrease significantly when compared with other animal which whereby not shown clinical sings .

تهدف الدراسة الحالية إلى تحديد قيم معدلات المصل للنحاس والزنك في ألأغنام التي تربى في قرى محافظة ذي قار ,تم تحليل عينات المصل للزنك والنحاس في جهازالمطياف الضوئي للأمتصاص الذاتي وحيث بينت النتائج بأنه لا توجد أختلاف معنوي في معدل القيم المصلية للنحاس والزنك لمعظم للأغنام ماعدا تلك التي أظهرت عليها بعض العلامات السريرية حيث كانت معدل قيمها المصلية أقل معنويآ .

Keywords

Copper --- Serum --- Sheep


Article
USING SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR L.) AND PEAS (PISUM SATIVUM) AS REPLACEMENT FOR YELLOW CORN AND SOY BEAN AND THEIR EFFECTS ON GROWTH , HEMATOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BROILER CHICKS
استخدام الذرة البيضاء والبازلاء كبدائل عن الذرة الصفزاء وفول الصويا وتأثيرها على النمو والمعايير الدموية والبايوكيميائية المصلية في فروج اللحم

Author: Nawras A. Alwan نورس عبد الاله علوان
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 293-306
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This work was done to investigate the effect of replacing the yellow corn (maize) with sorghum (white corn) and soy bean with peas on body weight, food intake, some hematological (PCV. And Hb) and also on some biochemical parameters (protein and urea). 72 one day old unsexed broiler chicks of average body weight 40-45 gm; they were divided into 3 equal groups of 24 chicks with 3 replicates. The first group were fed a diet containing sorghum ; the second group were fed a diet containing peas while third group fed normal diet. All groups fed on a starter diet for the first 28 days and then fed on growth diet till 49 days of age. Results showed significant increase in food intake, body weight in all experimental groups. Also significant increase were obtained in hematological parameters increased (Hb and PCV)as well as in serum biochemical parameters studied (P<0.05)for protein and urea in first and second groups compared to control group (Group 3).

Keywords

yellow corn --- sorghum --- serum


Article
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF EAR HAEMATOMA IN DOGS
العلاجات الجراحية لورم الأذن الدموي في الكلاب

Author: Mohsin Abdul Jalil Falih محسن عبد الجليل فالح
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 65-70
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The was conducted on 15 dogs of either sex and of different breed presented at my clinic (canine clinic* during a period of sex months.Their ages were ranging between 2-3 years. The dogs showing unilateral or bilateral swollen ear that is Haematoma. The surgical treatment was done by making a longitudinal incision on in entire length of haematoma. After draining the blood or serum, cleaning the debris. Haematoma pocket flushed with saline or week tincture iodine. Horizontal interrupted materess suture placed parallel to the incision, the pinna was dressed with antiseptic then bandaged with compression bandage to keeping the ear in erect position. The suture removed after 9-10 days post operation. Bandaging will continue to 6 more days till the operated ear return to its normal condition.

خلال فترة ستة اشهر اعتبارا من آذار إلى أيلول احضر خمسة عشر كلبا من كلا الجنسين ومن فصائل مختلفة إلى (عيادة الكلاب السريرية) وكانت بأعمار مختلفة تتراوح ما بين 3-2 سنوات جميع الكلاب كانت تعاني من ورم إذني دموي إما أحادي أو ثنائي. عُلِجت جميعها بواسطة عمل جرح طولي على الجلد المغطي للورمة الدموية وبعد سحب الدم ومصل البلازما المتجمع وتنظيف الخثره تم تنظيف المكان مباشرة بمحلول ملحي او محلول ضعيف من صبغة الايوداين وضعت عدة صفوف من الخياطة المتقطعة بموازاة الجرح المعمول ولكلا جانبي الجرح لتغطي صيوان الإذن بأكمله وبعد وضع المراهن المضادة للالتهابات ضمد الجرح بمساعدة قطع من الكارتون المقوى المعمولة بشكل الإذن وشدة بوضع الوقوف. ازيلت الخيوط في اليوم التاسع والعاشر من العملية واستمر التضميد إلى ستة أيام أخرى لوحظ عودة الإذن إلى حالتها الطبيعية بعد ست أسابيع من العملية

Keywords

dogs --- haematoma --- serum.

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