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Article
Characterization of smoker and non smoker human teeth using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
توصيف الاسنان البشرية للمدخنين وعدم المدخنين باستخدام طيف الانهيار المحتث بالليزر

Authors: Ali A-K. Hussain علي عبدالكريم حسين --- Kadhim A. Aadim كاظم عبدالواحد عادم --- Asmaa N. Ahmed اسماء ناجي احمد
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء ISSN: 20704003 Year: 2017 Volume: 15 Issue: 32 Pages: 150-159
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

In this work, the elemental constituents of smoker and nonsmokerteeth samples of human were analyzed by Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy method (LIBS). Many elements have been detected in the healthy teeth samples, the important once are Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Pb and Na.Many differences were found between (female and male) teeth in Ca, P, Mg, Na and Pb contents. The concentrations of most toxic elements were found significantly in the smoker group.The maximum concentrations of toxic elements such as Pb, Cd and Co were found in older male age above 60 year.Also, it was found that the minimum concentrations of trace elements such as Ca, P and Na exist in this age group. From these results it is clear that the LIBS technique is a powerful tool for fast identification of teeth problems.

تم في هذا البحث تحليل مكونات عناصر نماذج من اسنان المدخنين وغير المدخنين بأستخدام طيف الانهيار المحتث بالليزر(LIBS). ثم تشخيص العديد من العناصر في الاسنان السليمة اهمها الكالسيوم والفسفور والمغنيسيوم والحديد والرصاص والصوديوم. تم ايجاد العديد من الفروقات في محتوى عناصرالكالسيوم والفسفور والمغنسيوم والصوديوم والرصاص لاسنان الذكور عن الاناث. وجد ان التركيز لاغلب العناصر السامة يختلف بشكل واضح في الاشخاص المدخنين. اكثر نسبة لتركيز العناصر السامةمثل الرصاص والكادميوم والكوبلت كانت في مجموعة الذكور ضمن العمر اكبر من 60 سنة. كذلك كانت اقل نسبة للعناصر الاساسية الكالسيوم والفسفور والصوديوم في نفس المدى العمري. يظهر بوضوح من هذه النتائج ان LIBS هي طريقة فعالة للتشخيص السريع لمشاكل الاسنان.


Article
Waterpipe Smoking Effect on Clinical Periodontal Parameters, Salivary Flow Rate and Salivary pH in Chronic ‎Periodontitis Patient

Authors: Saif Mohammed T. Al-Mufti --- Saif S. Saliem سيف سهام سليم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-68
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has become common especially among young people, Waterpipe smoking misconcepted as a safer mean of smoking, so in this study we will highlight the effect of Waterpipe smoking ‎on periodontal and oral health.‎Materials and method. The selected ‎‎‎100 male subjects of 30-40 years, ‎categorized into 4 groups (each group ‎‎25 subject): Waterpipe smoker ‎with ‎healthy periodontium, ‎Waterpipe smoker ‎‎with chronic periodontitis, Non-‎‎smoker ‎with healthy periodontium and Non-smoker ‎with chronic periodontitis. Whole ‎unstimulated ‎saliva was collected. Clinical measurements: plaque ‎index, ‎gingival index, ‎bleeding on probing, salivary flow ‎rate ‎and ‎salivary pH were recorded‎.‎ ‎Results. In the healthy groups: plaque index and salivary pH were ‎higher in smokers than non-smokers but with no ‎significant difference (P>0.05). While gingival index and salivary flow rate were ‎higher in smoker than non-smokers and with significant ‎difference (p<0.05). In the chronic periodontitis groups: plaque index, gingival index and salivary flow rate ‎were higher in the non-smokers than smokers and with ‎significant difference (p<0.05). While salivary pH was ‎higher in the non-smokers than smokers but with no ‎significant difference (P>0.05). Correlation between ‎weekly smoking hours with pH and salivary flow rate, in the ‎smoker healthy groups, showed ‎significant negative correlation, while plaque index showed ‎significant positive correlation at (p<0.05). But in the smokers with chronic periodontitis, only gingival index ‎significantly correlated with weekly smoking hours. Conclusion. Waterpipe smoking has a detrimental effect on the periodontium and overall oral health

Keywords

Waterpipe --- smoker --- gingivitis --- saliva


Article
Effect of smoking on maternal serum level of Placental Growth Factor (PlGF) in threatened abortion women

Author: Sura Abdul Kareem Esmat
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 168-172
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Threatened abortion can defined as failure of pregnancy and vaginal bleeding and this occur before twentieth weeks of pregnancy Objective: To assess Placental Growth Factor level in smoker mothers with threatened abortion and normal pregnant women.Patients & Method: Case control study on seventy two women were included in this study, all women attended to Obstetrics and Gynecology department / Alyarmook hospital during period from December 2015 to March 2016.Subjects were divided into two groups (1) Normal pregnant women with gestational age between (6-12) weeks: 36 women serve as control group (2) Threatened abortion women with gestational age between (6-12) weeks with vaginal bleeding: 36 women serve as patient group. Women with cigarette smoking were included in this study. Serum samples were analyzed by using (ELISA).Results: There was significantly increasing in mean level of Placental Growth factor in smoker than non-smoker threatened abortion women group (p value <0.05), there was no significantly increasing in mean level of Placental Growth factor in smoker than non-smoker normal pregnant women group (p value >0.05).Conclusion: Increasing gene expression of Placental Growth factor in trophoblast villi by smoking in early pregnancy lead to increase synthesis of PlGF in spite of increase oxygen concentration that leads to increase smoker maternal serum level of Placental Growth factor.


Article
The Frequency of Skin Diseases among Smokers Compared with that of the Non-Smokers Individuals
مدى انتشار الامراض الجلدية بين المدخنين مقارنة مع غير المدخنين

Authors: Fadhil A. AL-Shemary د. فاضل عباس الشمري --- Jamal R. Al-Rawi د. جمال رشيد الراوي --- Khalifa E. Sharquie د. خليفة عبيد الشرقي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 4 Pages: 210-214
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: It is well-known that smoking has hazardous effect on many systems like pulmonary and cardiovascular systems. Also cigarette smoke might affect the skin causing change in patterns of skin diseases.Objectives: The aim of present work is to study the frequency & pattern of skin diseases among smokers and non smokers.Patients & Methods: A cross-sectional study of analytic componant was conducated in the out patient clinic of Dermatology and Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital in the period extending from April 2002 through October 2003. A total of 900 male patients age matched smokers and non-smokers with various skin disease were studied, (452 smokers, 448 non-smokers). Full dermatological & clinical examination was done to establish the correct diagnosis of skin disease. Results: The present work had shown that many skin diseases were significantly more frequent among smokers than non-smokers with (P=0.045-0.003, OR=1.69-2.26) like skin infections, psoriasis, palmoplantar pustulosis, cystic and keloidal acne, scabies and warts. Other diseases such as acne vulgaris, oral aphthous ulceration, vitiligo and pityriasis rosea, showed lower frequency rate among smokers compared with non-smokers, (P=0.044 - 0.01).Conclusion: Cigarette smoking is an important preventable and an associated factor of many skin diseases.Keywords: Skin disease, Smokers, Non-smoker,

تمهيدالتدخين له مخاطر كثيرة وعلى جميع اجهزة الجسم منها الجهاز التنفسي وجهاز الدوران. وكذلك للتدخين تاثير ضار على الجلد وملحقاتهالاهداف:الهدف دراسة تاثير التدخين على الاصابة بالامراض الجلدية بين مجموعتين للمقارنة مجموعه مدخنين واخرى غير ذلكطريقة البحث: دراسة مقطعية لاغراض تحليلية اجريت في العيادة الخارجية للامراض الجلدية في مستشفى بغداد التعليمي للفتر ة من نيسان 2002 الى تشرين اول 2003 . شملت الدراسة 900 من ذكور مدخنين وغير مدخنين متطابقي الاعمار (452 مدخن, 448 غير مدخن). تم اجراء فحوصات جلدية وسريرية شامله للوصوب الى التشخيص النهائي الصحيح.النتائج: اثبتت الدراسة ان هناك امراض جلدية اكثر شيوعا بين المدخنين منها بين غيرهم وبمعنى احصائي دال (باحتمالية 0.003-0.045 وبعامل اود = 1.69-2.26) مثل خمج الجلد, الصدفية, صدفية الكفين والقدمين, حب الشباب الكيسي والتليفي, الجرب والثاليل الجلدية. وعلى الجانب الاخر وجدت امراض جلدية اقل شيوعا نين المدخنين من غيرهم مثل تقرح الفم البهاق التخالية الوردية (باحتمالية = 0.01-0.044)الاستنتاج:التدخين عامل ومسبب مهم ويمكن التوقي منه لكثير من الامراض الجلدية الشائعةالكلمات المفتاحية: الامراض الجلدية, المدخنين, غير المدخنين

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