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Microfacies analysis and petrographic study of the Mishrif Formation, in selected wells from southeastern of Iraq.

Author: Dr. Afrah H. Saleh د. افراح حسن صالح
Journal: Journal of Petroleum Research & Studies مجلة البحوث والدراسات النفطية ISSN: 22205381 Year: 2019 Issue: 22 Pages: E81-E94
Publisher: Ministry of Oil وزارة النفط

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Abstract

Mishrif carbonates formation, is a major reservoir in southeast of Iraq and is one of the principle carbonate reservoir in central and southern Iraq, which is of Late Cenomanian to Early Turronian. A petrographic and depositional Environment study has been carried out by examining available thin sections in the Ministry of Oil for wells (No-1, No-2 (Noor field), Am-1(Amara field) and Hf-1 (Halfaya field)). The main skeletal grains of the Mishrif formation include coral, Rudist, large and small benthonic Foraminifera & planktonic Foraminifera (Planktonic Foraminifera are common in the lower part of the Mishrif Formation), ostracods, echinoderms, and molluscs. The Rudist were found in small to large fragments; and as a complete fossil covering the whole thin section. The Non-skeletal grains included peloids, and micrite. The most important diagenetic processes affecting on the Mishrif Formation are dolomitization, dissolution, cementation, micritization, recrystallization and Stylolite.Mishrif succession comprises six paleoenvironments which are deep marine, shallow open marine, rudist biostrome, shoal, back shoal, and lagoon.

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