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Article
Toxic thiocyanate levels in saliva of healthy adult smokers and non smokers from Baghdad city
مستويات تركيز ايون الثايوسيانات في عينات لعاب الاشخاص الاصحاء من المدخنيين وغير المدخنيين من مدينة بغداد

Authors: Eaman A.S. AL – Rubaee --- Nada K. AL – Hussaini --- Huda Ali kadhum
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 5 Pages: 99-103
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

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Abstract

The use of tobacco is a world wide problem and the traditional method of tobacco use is smoking cigarettes. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of cigarettes smoking on toxic thiocynate levels in saliva. Thiocynate levels were determined by spectrophotometic method, for salivary samples collected from 44 healthy adult volunteers salivary thiocyanate (mean ± standard deviation: 2800 ± 1210µM) levels were significantly higher in the group of 29 tobacco smokers than in the group of 15 non smokers (3530 ± 1410, 1070 ± 950 µM). Its concluded that the numbers of cigarettes smoking per day have the real effect on salivary thiocyanate level

يعد التدخين مشكلة عالمية, ويمثل تدخين السكائر الطريقة التجارية الاكثر شيوعا.قدرت في هذه الدراسة مستويات تركيز آيون الثايوسيانات (SCN-) في عينات لعاب الاشخاص الاصحاء من المدخنين وغير المدخنين باستخدام طريقة قياس الامتصاصية في الطول الموجي المرئي. وكانت نتائج عينات (44) متطوع: ( المعدل ± الانحراف القياسي = M µ 1210 ± 2800)وسجلت نتائج المدخنين منهم ارتفاعا ملحوظا (0.001 >P) مقارنة بغير المدخنين، اذ كانت النتائج لـ 29 شخصا من المدخنين (M µ 1410 ± 3530( و 15 شخص من غير المدخنين (M µ 950 ± 1070(.ثبت نتيجة البحث ان عدد السكائر المدخنة في اليوم كمثل العامل الرئيسي المؤثرعلى تركيز ايون الثايوسيانات في لعاب الاشخاص المدخنين.


Article
Smoking and Its Correlates among Secondary School Students in Al‑Hilla City 2018

Author: Roaa Khalid Al‑Murshedi, Hasan A. Baiee
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2018 Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Pages: 326-333
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Although the prevalence of smoking has been decreasing in the developed countries in recent years, the less developed countries,such as Iraq, are facing an impact from smoking prevalence rise. Objective: The study objective was to assess the prevalence of smoking andits correlates among secondary school students. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross‑sectional epidemiological study was conductedon the secondary school students 4th, 5th, and 6th for males and females who were indiscriminately selected from 15 secondary schools locatedin Al‑Hilla cityBabylon ProvinceIraq during the period from March 7 to April 30, 2018. A questionnaire adapted from global school‑basedstudent health survey (2013) was used to collect data. Results: Of 860 students, only 810 responded and completed the questionnaire(response rate 94.2%). The overall prevalence of smoking was 32.0%, and the majority of smokers were male. The dominant type of tobaccosmoking in this study appeared to be a hookah in about two‑thirds (one‑third exclusive hookah smoking and one‑third mixed hookah andcigarette smoking), and multiple reasons have been found to impulse the student to smoking and that the friend was the first tobacco source.A significant association has been found between tobacco smoking and gender, age, grade, income, marital status, having alive parents, abuse,early age work, school performance, having a family member with medical diseases, family relationship, and sleeping difficulties (P < 0.05).Conclusion: The high prevalence of smoking was revealed among secondary school students, especially hookah tobacco smoking, and somefactors appear to play a pivotal role in smoking initiation. Hence, preventive measures need to be applied.


Article
Tobacco smoking habit among Badosh district people
التبغ عادة التدخين بين الناس منطقة بادوش

Authors: Bassam A. Alnimaa --- Muna M. Ahmed --- Waleed G. Altaiee
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2008 Volume: 1 Issue: 141 Pages: 221-227
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Tobacco epidemic is the most prevalent epidemic that can affect negatively the health of individuals and communities in most countries. Accordingly, it can be considered as one of the most important health hazards that face individuals and communities nowadays. However, in spite of the large bulk of information and the strongly available statistics towards smoking causative association with the number of dangerous fatal illnesses to man, tobacco consumption rates are still increasing nowadays. The aim of the study is to examine the effect of smoking on the population of Badosh District as there is cement factory nearby the residence of these population . The present research used cross sectional study design and was conducted on a randomly chosen 350 smoker individuals aged 10 years and above from the population of Badosh district. Special questionnaire form used for data collection , the collected data focused on four main aspects. These are, demographic aspects , habit of cigarette smoking, smoking cessation and the health status. Data collection was done through performing a direct interviewing with each individual. It has been found that one third of the sample were in the age group of (20-29) years. the majority of the studied population are married male individuals and 30.6% of them were at the age of (20-29). On the other hand,70.6% of them tried to quit smoking and more than half of them tried to stop smoking for the sake of their health. However one third of the smokers had smoking related diseases mainly respiratory disorders. Most of the smokers had stressful conditions which were the trigger of starting smoking

باء التبغ هو وباء الأكثر شيوعا التي يمكن أن تؤثر سلبا على صحة الأفراد والمجتمعات المحلية في معظم البلدان. وفقا لذلك، يمكن اعتباره واحدا من أهم المخاطر الصحية التي تواجه الأفراد والمجتمعات في الوقت الحاضر. لكن، على الرغم من أن معظم كبيرة من المعلومات والاحصاءات المتاحة بقوة نحو التدخين جمعية المسبب للمرض مع عدد من الأمراض المميتة خطرا على الإنسان، ومعدلات استهلاك التبغ لا تزال مستمرة في الوقت الحاضر. والهدف من هذه الدراسة هو دراسة تأثير التدخين على سكان منطقة بادوش حيث يوجد مصنع للاسمنت في مكان قريب من مقر إقامة هؤلاء السكان. هذا البحث عبر استخدام تصميم دراسة مقطعية، وأجريت على أفراد تم اختيارهم عشوائيا المدخن 350 تتراوح أعمارهم بين 10 سنة وما فوق من سكان منطقة بادوش. شكل خاص الاستبيان المستخدمة في جمع البيانات، والبيانات التي تم جمعها تركز على أربعة جوانب رئيسية. هذه هي، والجوانب الديموغرافية، وعادة تدخين السجائر، والإقلاع عن التدخين والحالة الصحية. وقد تم جمع البيانات من خلال إجراء مقابلات مباشرة مع كل فرد. فقد وجد أن ثلث العينة كانت في الفئة العمرية من (20-29) سنة. وتزوج غالبية السكان درس الأفراد الذكور و 30.6٪ منهم في سن (20-29). من ناحية أخرى، حاول 70.6٪ منهم في الإقلاع عن التدخين، وأكثر من نصفهم من حاول التوقف عن التدخين من أجل صحتهم. ومع ذلك كان ثلث المدخنين بأمراض سببها التدخين بشكل رئيسي من اضطرابات في الجهاز التنفسي. وكان معظم المدخنين ظروف ضاغطة والتي كانت على الزناد من بدء التدخينالتراجع عن التعديلات


Article
Autopolymerizing acrylic resin is one of the most frequently used materials in dentistry, but it has relatively poor mechanical properties This study investigated the effect of the addition of poly vinyl pyrrolidone on transverse strength, impact strength and surface roughness of autopolymerzing acrylic resin. A total of 60 specimens were prepared, 30 specimens of each conventional and modified autoplymerizing acrylic.20 specimens of each groups were fabricated with dimensions of (64×10×2.5) mm to conduct the transverse strength and surface roughness tests, while the remaining 10 specimens of each group were fabricated with dimensions of (80×10×4) mm to perform the impact strength test. The results of this study showed that the modified autopolytmerized acrylic had significantly higher transverse strength, and significantly lower surface roughness values while there was no significant differences in impact strength value. It can be concluded that addition of Polyvinylpyrrolidone can improve transverse strength and surface roughness of autopolymerizing acrylic resin.

Author: Ali H. Ataiwi علي حسين عتيوي
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2013 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 145-153
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

This work involves study the effect of tobacco smoking (cigarette, water-pipe smoking) yields on the corrosion of dental alloys (Co-Cr-Mo, Ni-Cr and Ti-Al-V alloy) in artificial saliva with pH=4 and temperature of 37oC. This study was performed with electrochemical technique by using potentiostat to predict the potentiodynamic polarization and cyclic polarization. Some corrosion parameters were measured for comparison among the dental alloys. Generally, the presence of tobacco smoking yields shift the corrosion rate (CR) to higher values, and the data of corrosion rate indicate that the risk of waterpipe smoking more than cigarette smoking for three dental alloys. Increasing of anodic Tafel slopes inferred that the rate of change of current with change of potential was smaller during cathodic polarization than during anodic polarization.

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