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Article
Dental caries and treatment needs of primary and permanent dentition for children attending pedodontics clinic.

Author: Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 80-87
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent dentition (dmft, DMFT) and to investigate the reason for seeking dental treatment and the type of treatment carried out for children. Material and Method: The study includes (1178) case sheets which represent the total number of children attending the Pedodontics Department during the academic year of (2004 – 2005). The WHO methodology was used to assess the individual tooth status. Results: Indicated that the highest percentage group of attends was 11–12 years group, and the children attended to clinic seeking treatment for painful condition had higher percentage (60.10 %). The DMFT for the total sample was 2.68% and increased with increasing age with a statistically significant age differences, the percentage of caries free children for total sample was 10.3 %, while mean dmft for primary dentition was 3.05% and increasing from the first age group till the third age group and then decreased till the last age with no gender variation. Conclusions: The priority of dental health services for children attending Pedodontic clinic is primary prevention (fluoride application, scaling and polishing) followed by tertiary prevention (extraction) and then secondary prevention as a totally (amalgum, light cure and root canal filling).


Article
Gender differences, facial profile and treatment need of malocclusion for a sample of Al-Muthanna governorate students aged 15 years

Author: Hayder S. Al-Atabi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 3 Pages: 142-148
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Survey of the occlusion in population groups usually include in their objections the academicassessment of occlusal feature, the planning resources for public health treatment programmers, the comparison ofdifferent population and the screening of groups for orthodontic treatment. Likewise a thorough investigation of theoccurrence of malocclusions among school–students would be of major importance in the planning of orthodontictreatment in the public dental health services. For this purpose it is necessary to have detailed information on theprevalence of individual malocclusion among boys and girls at different ages distributed regionally, and moreover,an analysis of the need for orthodontic treatment in the different school classes.Materials and methods: This study was conducted from 20th October 2011 to 9th May 2013 on (3424 ) students (1712males and 1712 females); from which 62 students (1.8%) were excluded because of incomplete information (nomolar relation can be attended) giving a valid sample of 3362 (1681 males and 1681 females) aged (15) years oldwere studied with respect to facial profile ,sagittal occlusion according to Angle's classification, overjet, overbite,anterior crossbite , posterior crossbite, scissorsbite, rotation and displacement spacing and crowding.Results: The normal profile were presented in (73.76%) students (74%) males and (73.53%) females. Convex profileswere presented (20.34%) students (20.46%) males and (20.23%) females. A concave profile were presented in (5.9%)students (5.54%) males and (6.24%) females), The malocclusion were presented (73.05%) students (73.46%) malesand (72.64%) females, According to the Dental health component of index of the orthodontic treatment subjectswith no need for treatment were about 44.11% , the subjects who need little treatment were about 26.82%, 13.06% ofthe subjects who need moderate treatment, 10.03% great treatment need and about 5.98% very greatly treatmentneed.Conclusions: Orthodontic treatment need according to IOTN shows that there was no significant difference betweenmales and females in the malocclusion, Facial profile and treatment need


Article
Dental treatment needs and treatment achieved for children attending the clinic of pedodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul

Author: Ban S AL-MUKHTAR
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: S335-S342
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the reason for seekinig dental treatment and the type of treatment carried out for the children attending clinic of pedodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul.The study included (1850) case sheets which represent the total number of children that attend to the pedodotic clinic, during the academic year of 1997-1998.The result show that children with age (9-10) years have higher percent in attending the pedodontic clinic than other age groups.The result indicate that children attended to the clinic Seeking treatment for painful condition have higher percentage (36.11%) than other cases, then check up, esthetic problem, preventive therapy, trauma come in a lower percentage than the pain.The study reveal that the higher percentage of treatment done is extraction (29.06%) followed by scaling and polishing (20.27%), amalgam filling, preventive program, other type of treatment done in a lover percentage.


Article
Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs among Blind Children in Iraq

Author: Dr. Jinan Mohammed Rashad Al-Alousi, B.D.S., M.Sc. د. جنان محمد
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 313-324
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Dental caries is a significant public health problem for a large segment of society. Blind people have been described as those who encounter more visual barriers to the receipt of dental care than other people. They may have greater problems accessing dental care or may be at increased risk from dental disease or its treatment.The present study was conducted to assess the caries prevalence, traumatic injuries, levels of oral hygiene and treatment need, in a group of 58 blind children aged (6-15) years. The results were compared with a control group of 58 age and sex matched normal children. The data were collected using the methods and standards recommended by the WHO for oral health survey, 1997.A highly significant difference between study and controls concerning DMFT and dmft, dental caries was higher among normal students compared to blind one. Where as traumatized teeth were higher among blind compared to normal students with a significant difference, a highly significant difference was seen on comparing between blind and normal students concerning plaque and gingival index, while a significant difference was seen for calculus index, one surface filling was needed by 25.9% of 58 control subjects, while only 5.2% of study group needed this type of treatment, less than 7% of the control group required pulp treatment, while 25.9% needed pulp care in the study group.The findings of this study demonstrate that blind subjects have a low prevalence of dental caries, poor oral hygiene, and extensive unmet need for dental treatment. This highly alarming situation requires immediate attention.


Article
Periodotnal health status and treatment needs among Iraqi dental students

Author: Abdul- Karim A. A. AL- Muhamadawy* BDS, MSc د. عبد الكريم المحمداوي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 4 Pages: 378-381
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Summary: Background: periodontal disease are the major risk factors for tooth loos in aged persons. Clinically, patients with gingivitis or periodontitis usually suffer from gingival bleeding and periodontal probing. Material and method: The human sample consisted of five hundred and ninety eight students, 208 males and 390 females. Russel's periodontal index (PI) plaque index (PI. I) and the periodental treatment need system (PTNS) were scored. Results: The mean PI and P1.I for males were 1.94, 1.72 respectively. For females the corresponding values were 1.73. 1.49. From the total sample 2.4% males and 6.1% females were in no need of periodontal therapy.A comparison between first and final year students showed for all indices used a statistically highly significant differences (P<0.01).Conclusions: Although an improvement in all indices does occur, but still more emphasis should be placed on prevention through out the dental on curriculum. Key words: Periodontal health status, treatment need, Iraqi.


Article
Occlusal features, perception of occlusion and orthodontic treatment need and demand among 13 years aged Baghdadi students Part II: (Cross sectional epidemiological study)

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Abstract

Background: The present study aimed to assess the distribution, prevalence, severity of malocclusion in Baghdadgovernorate in relation to gender and residencyMaterials and Methods: A multi-stage stratified sampling technique was used in this investigation to make the samplea representative of target population. The sample consisted of 2700 (1349 males and 1351 females) intermediateschool students aged 13 years representing 3% of the total target population. A questionnaire was used to determinethe perception of occlusion and orthodontic treatment demand of the students and the assessment procedures forocclusal features by direct intraoral measurement using veriner and an instrument to measure the rotated anddisplaced teeth.Results and conclusions: The presence of malaligned teeth was reported by 39% of the sample. The most prevalentreported types of malaligned teeth were spaced teeth (26.6%); Of the students who stated that they havemalaligned teeth, 70.3% thought that it affected their appearance, 17.8% affected chewing, and 7.8% affectedspeech; The most common reasons for not seeking orthodontic treatment were the thought that treatment is notimportant or not possible (25.8%) and fear of pain (48.8%).One or more missing teeth due to extraction or traumawere found in 4.9% of the sample,the most common extracted tooth was the mandibular first molar. Crowding wasmore concentrated in the lower anterior segment while the spacing cases were higher and more concentrated inthe upper anterior segment. A maxillary central diastema was found in 18.1 % of the sample with a mean of 0.306mm. Anterior irregularities were found in (18.36 %maxillary and 26.84% mandibular),mean overjet 3.310 mm, meanoverbite was 2.99 mm, Class I Angle class was found in 78.29%, class II in 19.5% and class III in 2.3%. Posterior crossbitefound in 5.6%, anterior openbite (1.7%) and midline shift (54.34 %).Normal lip form was found in 86.6%, soft tissueimpingement in 3.3%.The treatment need according to DAI show that 72.3% of the sample were found to have no orslight treatment need, 15.9% with treatment elective, 7.3% with treatment highly desirable, and 4.5% with treatmentmandatory.Also increase the need and decrease demand for orthodontic treatment among adolescents in theBaghdad commune. This data will be useful for public oral health service and emphasize the need for orthodontictreatment among Baghdadi adolescents


Article
An Oral Health Status and Treatment Needed in Relation to Dental Knowledge, Among a Group of Children Attending Preventive Department, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad

Author: Shahba'a Munther Al-Jorrani شهباء منذر الجوراني
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 4 Pages: 138-142
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Oral health represents an important base for human well-being; the heath of the body begins from oralcavity. Great deal has been applied to increase knowledge in the field of oral health in order to developappropriate preventive program. This study was conducted in order to estimate the percentage and severity ofdental caries and gingivitis among children attending Preventive Department in Collage of Dentistry, University ofBaghdad and to determine dental treatment need for those patients, further more to study the relation of thesevariables with dental knowledge.Materials and Methods: The study group consists of 163 children with an age ranged from 6 to 14 years, whoattended the preventive clinic for the first time to be involved in preventive program. Plaque index and gingivalindex were applied for examination of dental plaque and gingivitis, dental caries and treatment need was recordedaccording to criteria described by WHO. Dental knowledge of each child was evaluated by ten questions preparedfor this reason.Results: The results showed that caries-experience among permanent teeth represented by DS and DMFS were (3.22± 0.31 and 4.09 ± 0.35) respectively, while caries-experience among deciduouse teeth represented by ds and dmfswere (6.79 ± 0.61 and 9.03 ± 0.81) respectively. Analysis of variance (one way ANOVA test-) showed that cariesexperience among permanent teeth increased with age (P < 0.001), while caries-experience among deciduousteeth decreased with age (P 0.001). The majority of studied sample were in need for one surface filling (93%)followed by two or more surface filling (66%). High percentage of children involved in this study had mildaccumulation of plaque and mild gingivitis (69.93% and 83.43%) respectively. Evaluation of dental knowledgeamong those children showed that 67% of them had good dental knowledge (scores 5), but weak correlationswere recorded between good dental knowledge and caries experience for deciduous teeth(r=0.12, P > 0.05) and forpermanent teeth (r=0.22, P<0.05).The same correlation was recorded between dental plaque and dental knowledge(r=0.05, P> 0.05).Conclusion: those children need further motivation and instructions to improve their dental knowledge and toimprove their attitude to change their behavior towards further improvement of oral hygiene and oral health


Article
A comparative study in dental caries prevalence and treatment needs of pregnant women and single females in Mosul City, Iraq

Authors: Tarik Y Khamrco --- Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2003 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 57-64
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

An epidemiological study was carried out to compare the prevalence of dental caries and treatment need of pregnant women and single females in Mosul City, Iraq. A total sample of 666 women (399 pregnant women and 267 single females) selected randomly. Pregnant women were selected from four health care centers, when attending to periodic maternal check up with different stages of pregnancy in Maternal and Child Health Care Center. Single females were selected randomly as control group to compare with pregnant group from health centers. Each group subdivided into 4 subgroups according to the age. Caries experience and the treatment need were diagnosed and recorded according to the criteria suggested by WHO (1997). The results showed a significant difference in the mean Decayed, Missing and Filled Surfaces (DMFS) between pregnant and single females, and the prevalence of dental caries increase with advanced age. The mean DMFS value for pregnant women is 28.78 and for single females 19.09. The study demonstrated that the decay surface component was formed more than the half of DMFS value. Educational programmes to pregnant women through medical and dental centers as well as mass media are suggested to increase the dental awareness and preventive behaviour.


Article
The effect of social class on periodontal condition and treatment needs of 13-15 year old students in Mosul city - Ninevah : Iraq

Authors: Tarik Y KHAMRCO --- Rayia J AL-NAIMI --- Ban S AL-MUKHTAR
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Pages: 78-85
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was carried out on 900 intermediate school students aged 13-15 years from high, middle and low socioeconomic classes in the center city of Mosul in order to determine the prevalence of periodontal disease and treatment need with the three different socioeconomic levels.The CPITN (Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs) was used to asses the periodontal condition and treatment needs. The results showed that the disease was prevalent in 97.6% of the sample, with a slight higher percentage of students with healthy gingiva in high social class group compared to middle and low class (4%, 2% and 1.3%) respectively, but with no statistically significant difference between them.The result indicated that there was statistically significant difference in the mean number of healthy Sextants in the three groups (1.78, 1.32 and 0.91) for high, middle and low class respectively.Results also revealed a significant a healthier gingiva in females compared to males (1.55 for females and 1.12 for males).The periodontal treatment needs for the students were massive with no significant difference between the three socioeconomic level, while there are statistically significant differences between males and females,as more tales need prophylactic scaling and polishing compared to females


Article
Periodontal treatment needs among dental and non dental Iraqi students (A comparative study)

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Abstract

The direct relation between periodontal disease and the oral hygiene level on one hand and the level of education on the other hand were repeatedly proved throughout a large number of epidemiologic periodontal studies. Based on this fact, one can conclude that the periodontal treatment need among highly educated individuals (as university students) seems to be less than that of individuals with low educational level, but a question that may arise in this area is: Does the treatment need among dental students differ from that of their colleagues in other studies or not? The present research aimed at providing an answer for this question. Three hundreds university students (150 dental &150 non dental) were examined by using CPITN and the data were analyzed statistically. Results indicated that in general the periodontal treatment need was comparable between dental and non dental students in this social class. Results also indicated that programs aimed at improvement of oral hygiene of this social class may be applicable in our community, the matter that calls for full cooperation from the health authorities to carry out a national campaign directed toward this social class.

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