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Article
Trichomoniasis Among Females WithVaginal Discharge in Baghdad Medical City

Authors: Raja Al-Tikriti , --- Bahjat Al-Janabi --- Aroub Abdul Rahman Al-Kaisi
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 1 Pages: 37-41
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Summary:
Background:
Trichomonas vaginalis is a pear shaped parasite, with a short undulating
membrane, lined with a flagellum and four anterior flagella. It is one of the most
common organisms causing infection in the female genital tract, which is normally
limited to vulva, vagina and cervix. It doesn't usually extend to the uterus. The
mucosal surface may be tender, inflamed and covered with a frothy yellow or
cream colored discharge.
Aim:
To evaluate the infection rate of Trichomonas vaginalis among females
complaining of vaginal discharge with or without pruritis vulvae, and to isolate the
parasite by different laboratory methods, such as wet mount method, culture on
special media and staining by special stains e.g. Leischman's stain, Giemsa's stain
and Papanicolaou's stain.
Fac Med Baghdad
2008; Vol.50,
No.1
Received Feb. 2007
Accepted Setp.2007
Methods:
The study was conducted in the period from November 1992 to August 1993 on
480 female patients presented with vaginal discharge with or without prurits vulvae
attended the Gynecological and Antenatal Outpatient Clinics in Medical City in
Baghdad, compared to 50 females complaining of gynecological problems other
than infection attended the same clinic.
Investigations carried out during this work include:
Wet mount examination ,Culture on artificial media ,Examination of fixed stained
smears with: Gram’s stain , Leishman's stain ,Giemsa's stain, Papanicolaou's
stained smear.
Results:
Among 480 females presented with vaginal discharge with or without pruritis
vulvae, an infection rate of (19.16%) was reported. Females subjected to this study
were classified into different groups, non-diabetics, diabetics, workers in hospital
and control group, giving an infection rates of (20.5%), (2.5%), (33.33%) and (8%)
respectively. Evaluation of the rate of infection among different age groups
revealed that the highest infection rate was in the ages of greatest sexual activities
from (14-39) years old. The signs of Trichomonas vaginalis infection were those of
vulvar, vaginal and cervical erythemae. The presenting symptoms were those of
discharge, discharge & itching, discharge & dysuria, itching, discharge & itching &
dysuria. However (12.5%) of the patients were asymptomatic. The discharge was of
different characters and the patients presented in different stages of the disease.
Conclusion:
Trichomonas vaginalis is a common cause of vaginits , most frequently seen at
the ages of greatest sexual activity where the patient usually presents with vaginal
discharge of different character which may or may not be associated with itching.
It has been noticed that clinical judgement alone is unsatisfactory for the
diagnosis of trichomoniasis and it must be aided by laboratory examination.


Article
Urethral trichomoniasis in Iraqi females

Author: Aroub Abdul Rahman Al-Kaisi, Ph.D Bahjat Al- Janabi, *Ph.D Raja Al-Tikriti Ph.D د. عروب عبد الرحمن القيسي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 3 Pages: 312-314
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Trichomonas vaginalis has long been recognized as a cause of infectious vaginitis in women different studies have demonstrated a significant burden of the parasite to cause urethritis as well. It has been assumed that the localization of parasite in the urethra may be responsible for the recurrence of vaginal infection.Aim: To evaluate the infection rate of urethral trichomoniasis and to evaluate two different laboratory’ methods used in the diagnosis.Methods: The present study consisted of420female patients presented with vaginal discharge with or without itching or disorient, investigated for urethral trichomoniasis who were compared to 50 females represented the control group.Each female M’as asked to collect first 10-20 ml of urine in a sterile screw capped bottle; the deposits were examined microscopically by:. Wet mount method for Trichomonas vaginalis.2.Culture in a specific ready made culture media.At the same time high vaginal swabs were taken and examined by both wet mount and culture methods for vaginal trichomoniasis.Results: Among 420 female patients examined for both urine sediments and vaginal swabs ,80 (19.04%) females were found to be positive for T. vaginalis by vaginal SM'abs. The parasite was seen either in the vagina alone in 39 (9.28%) or in the vagina and urethra in 41(9.76%), but it M’as never isolated from urethra alone.Conclusion: Trichomonas vaginalis is a common parasite offemale urethm as well as of the vagina, the localization of this flagellate in the urethra may be responsible for the recurrence of vaginal infection, since it may survive in the urethra, possibly in the Paraurethral glands (skene's) so when the treatment is limited to the vagina, this will often fail to reach the urethra and the trichomonads may contaminate the vagina following urination or sexual intercourse, that is why systemic rather than local treatment is indicated.Keywords: Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomoniasis. Urethritis.


Article
DETECTION OF BOVINE TRICHOMONIASIS OF BULLS IN BASRAH SLAUGHTERHOUSE
الكشف عن الترايكوموناسز البقري في العجول في مجزرة البصرة

Author: Baqer J. Hassan باقر جعفر حسن الحسيني
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 98-103
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Bovine trichomoniasis is a venereal disease of cattle caused by the protozoan Trichomonas fetus . The study based on collection and diagnosis 200 samples of preputial wash from bulls that send to the Al-Tuaisa slaughter house in Basrah private by made a slide smear stained with Gemza stain . The study starts at 2011 and extend to 2012 . The result shows that the percentage of infection in bulls that slaughtered in a slaughter house of Basrah private was 2% .


Article
Factors influencing the Prevalence and pathogenicity

Author: Aroub Abdul Rahman Al-Kaisi*Ph.D د. عروب عبد الرحمن
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 2 Pages: 271-276
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Summary:Background: Trichomonas vaginalis is a common parasite of both male and female genital tracts. Transmission of the infection is mainly by sexual intercourse; however contaminated towels, douche equipments, examination instruments and other objects may be responsible for some infections.Aim: Is to study the influence of some factors that affect the spread of this parasite such as socioeconomic status, marital status, pregnancy and parity …….etc.Methods: The study was conducted in the period from November 1992 to August 1993 on 480 female patients presented with vaginal discharge with or without itching, compared to 50 females complaining of gynecological problems other than infections.Investigations carried out during this study include:.Wet mount examination.,.Culture on artificial media.,Examination of fixed stained smear with:a.Gram's stain.b.Leischman's stain.c.Giemsa's stain.d.Papanicolaou's stained smear.4. Measuring the PH of the vaginal discharge or the PH of the vaginal side wall.Results: The effect of some factors on the prevalence and pathology of Trichomonas vaginalis was evaluated in this study. Among different socioeconomic groups, the higher infection rate (65.22%) was seen in the low socioeconomic group. The infection rate of trichomoniasis was found to be higher among married females (19.81%), than divorced (16.66%), widowed (12.5%) or singles (11.11%). Regarding the menstrual cycle, infection with Trichomonas vaginalis was found to be increasing during the postmenstrual phase of the cycle (24.21%) compared to the infection rate obtained from patients in the premenstrual phase of the cycle (16.09%). A higher infection rate was reported among non pregnant females (20%) than pregnant (9.09%).Females using different contraceptive measures showed an infection rate of (28.88%), which was higher than that reported among those not using any contraceptive measures (18.95%). The PH values of the vaginal discharge were measured in 90 patients and the highest infection were seen at PH values 6.0 (28.88%) and 5.5 (20%) respectively.Conclusion: The spread of Trichomonas vaginalis infection may be affected by many factors such as socioeconomic status, marital status, pregnancy status and parity, phase of the menstrual cycle, the use of different contraceptive measures and the PH values of the vaginal discharge..Key words: Epidemiology of Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomoniasis.


Article
Isolation of birds Trichomoniasis from domesticated and wild pigeon at Al-Diwaniya city
عزل طفيلي داء المشعرات من الحمام المستأنس والحمام البري في مدينة الديوانية

Authors: N. Sabeeh نافع صبيح جاسم --- A. AbdulAziz علاء عبد العزيز عبد
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 101-104
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the incidence and occurence of Trichomoniasis in domesticated and wild pigeon at Diwaniya city and the effect of age on the incidence.traditional techniques for the detection of parasites in the birds were carried out by using a wet amount method for direct diagnosis , the study had been studied the spread of the parasite in tow types of pigeons Columba livia , domesticated and rock pigeon .The results showed that from 130 domesticated pigeons 60birds were positive and 20 positive birds from 65 rock pigeon , the total percentage of positive results were 46%, 30.7%, for the tow birds respectively.Effect of age on the rates of infection were clear as shown in this study as following in domesticated pigeon the percentage 74% in the squabs while in adult 35.3% and the percentage of infection 50% in the squabs and 27.3% in adult rock pigeon respectively.

أجريت هذه الدراسة لمعرفة نسبة الإصابة و حدوثية داء المشعرات الطيور في أنواع مختلفة من الطيور لمدينة الديوانية وتاثير العمر عليها, حيث أتبعت في البحث طرائق وتقنيات تقليدية للكشف عن الطفيلي في الطيور,ولقد استعملت طريقة المسحة الرطبة للتشخيص من الفم وسائل الحوصلة للطيور وتم دراسة انتشار المرض في نوعين من الحمام Columba livia وتبين من فحص 130 حمامة منزلية و65 حمامة برية أن النسبة الموجبة الكلية كانت 46 % و 30.7 %, على التوالي وبين البحث وجود تاثير واضح للعمر على نسب الاصابة والعزل كانت نسبة عزل المسبب في افراخ الحمام المنزلي من عمر 20-25 يوم تساوي 74% بينما في البالغ وبعمر اكثر من 100 يوم بنسبة35.3% كذلك الحال بالنسبة لحمام الابراج فقد سجلت نسبة 50% في الصغار و 27.3% في الطيور البالغة.


Article
Evaluation the efficiency of Trichomonas vaginalis depending on clinical sings , direct examination ,culturing and serological test
تقييم كفاءة تشخيص المشعرات المهبلية vaginalis Trichomonasبالأعتماد على الاعراض السريرية والفحص المباشر و الزرع والفحص السريرولوجي

Authors: Ali H. Adhiah علي حسين ادحية --- Amna Nsyif Jassim أمنة نصيف جاسم --- Ekhlas mushref اخلاص مشرف
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2011 Volume: 8 Issue: 1عدد خاص بمؤتمر علوم الحياة Pages: 392-399
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The adequacy of diagnostic tests, together with trichomoniasis associated clinical symptoms, were investigated in females suffering vaginitis, and they were referred to the Gynecology Department, Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital during the period December 2004 – June 2005. The total number of patients was 250 cases (age range: 18 - 52 years), and each patient was examined using a sterile speculum to obtain vaginal swabs for examination. The diagnosis with T. vaginalis was done in many methods. The direct methods included wet and stained (Leishman's stain) examinations and cultivation in different culture media (Kupferberg Trichomonas Broth Base;, Trichomonas Agar Base; TAB and Trichomonas Modified CPLM), while the indirect methods were serological detections of anti-trichomonas antibodies in the sera of patients by using of indirect haemagglutination test (IHAT) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results of this profile were as the following:1.Out of 250 females with abnormal vaginal discharges, 15 patients (6%) were infected with T. vaginalis.2.The sensitivity of testing methods was different. It was 66.7 and 13.3% for wet and stained examinations, respectively. In culture examinations, the sensitivity was 60, 80 and 100% for Kupferberg, TAB and CPLM media, respectively, while the sensitivity IHAT and ELISA were 40 and 73.3%, respectively.3.The clinical sings of infection in women were discharge and itching (46.7%), discharge with itching and dysuria (20.0%), discharge only (13.3%), itching only (13.3%) and discharge with dysuria (6.7%).Therefore we can conclude that impossible to the clinical signs in diagnose of Trichomonasis because of the variation and the laboratory diagnosis is necessary especially the cultivation method.

بحثت الدراسة بيان مدى كفاءة الأختبارات التشخيصية وتحديد طبيعة الأعراض السريرية في الكشف عن الإصابة بداء المشعرات المهبلية (Trichomoniasis) لنساء عانين من التهاب مهبلي (Vaginitis) واللاتي راجعن مستشفى اليرموك التعليمي/ قسم النسائية والتوليد للمدة من كانون الأول 2004 ولغاية حزيران 2005. بلغ عدد العينات المفحوصة 250 عينة لنساء تراوحت أعمارهن مابين 18-52 سنة، وأجري الفحص المهبلي بأستعمال منظار معقم لأخذ المسحات المهبلية ومن ثم شخصت الإصابة بطفيلي المشعرات المهبلية وذلك بعدة طرائق تشخيصية منها المباشرة والتي شملت الفحص الرطب ( (Wet examination والتلوين (Stained examination) بملون لشمان، والأستنبات في أوساط زرعية متباينة (Kupferberg Trichomonas Broth Base وTrichomonas agar base; TAB وTrichomonas Modified CPLM)، وطرائق غير مباشرة (مصلية Serological) والمتمثلة بأختباري التلازن الدمي غير المباشر (Indirect Haemagglutination Test; IHAT) والممتز المناعي المرتبط بالأنظيم (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay; ELISA). وكانت النتائج كما يلي :1.شكلت نسبة النساء المصابات بطفيلي المشعرات المهبلية 6% (15 مريضة) من اصل 250 امرأة عانين من أفرازات مهبلية غير طبيعية. 2.تباينت حساسية الأختبارات التشخيصية بحيث بلغت حساسية أختباري الفحص الرطب والملون 66.7 و13.3% تتالياً، وحساسية الاوساط الزرعية المستخدمة (Kupferberg وTAB وCPLM) 60% و80% و100%، تتالياً. في حين كانت حساسية أختباري التلازن الدمي غير المباشر والممتز المناعي المرتبط بالأنظيم 40 و73.3%، تتالياً.3.تمثلت الاعراض السريرية للإصابة في النسوة المصابات بسيلان افرازي مع حكة (Discharge and Itching) (46.7%) وسيلان مع حكة واحتباس بولي (20.0) وسيلان فقط (13.3%) وحكة فقط (13.3%) وسيلان مع احتباس البول (Discharge and dysuria) (6.7%). ومن ذلك يمكن ان يستنتج بانه لايمكن الاعتماد على لاعراض السريرية في تشخيص الاصابة بالمشعرات المهبلية لتباينها وان التشخيص المختبري ضروري جدا وخصوصا الفحص بطريقة الاستنبات.


Article
Trichomoniasis Vaginalis in Women Attending Family Planning Unit in AL-Liqa'a Hospital
داء المشعرات المهبلية لدى النساء المراجعات لوحدة تنظيم الاسرة في مستشفى اللقاء.

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Abstract

The prevalence and the incidence trichomoniasis and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) correlated with risk factors among women attending family planning unit in AL-Liqa'a Hospital are determined. Two hundred and fifty (250) women complaining vaginal discharge were examined for the period from October 2010 till September 2011. From each women full history was taken including age, duration of marriage, residence, occupation, previous history of vaginal discharge and any history of STIs. Vaginal swabs tested microscopically and cultured on appropriate media. Trichomoniasis was detected in 18 (7.2%) out of 250 women included in this study. STIs were estimated in 58 (23.2%) women, and trichomoniasis represented about 31.0% of them. Forty women (69.0%), out of 58 infected women were found to be infected with other than parasitic pathogens. The highest rate of STIs was found in age between (25-29) years (32.8%). The highest rate of infection with Trichomonas vaginalis was found at two age intervals (25-29) and (30-34) years old (27.8%). There was a significant differences in the marriage age, occupation (house wives vs. employed), and the numbers of the sexual contact / week between the STIs infected women and uninfected women, while there was no significant difference among women infected with T. vaginalis and those infected with other STIs. The effect of other factors was also discussed. Finally Trichomonas vaginalis in women in Baghdad is one of the important STIs with a high prevalence.

تهدف هذه الدراسة الىتحديد مدى انتشار داء المشعرات المهبلية و غيره من الامراض الجنسية والوقوف على بعض عوامل خطورة الاصابة بهذه الامراض بين النساء. تم فحص 250 امرأة لدى زيارتهن لوحدة تنظيم الاسرة في مستشفى اللقاء في بغداد خلال الفترة من تشرين الاول 2010 ولغاية ايلول 2011. تم اخذ مسحات مهبلية من كل امرأة استخدمت للفحص المجهري المباشر و لزراعتها على اوساط زرعية مناسبة. دونت معلومات كاملة عن كل امرأة خضعت للبحث وشملت المعلومات عن العمر , العمر عند الزواج, فترة الزواج, محل السكن, المهنة, التاريخ المرضي لكل امرأة وخصوصا الامراض الجنسية او اي افرازات مهبلية ناتجة عن الاصابة بمرض جنسي. اظهرت الدراسة اصابة 18 امرأة (7,2%) بداء المشعرات المهبلية, فيما كان اجمالي عدد النساء المصابات بالامراض المنقولة جنسيا 58 امرأة (23,2%) من مجموع 250 امرأة خضعن للدراسة. وجد ان 40 امرأة (69,0%) منهن مصابة بامراض منقولة جنسيا مسبباتها غير طفيلية (بكتيرية او فطرية) بينما وجدت الاصابات الطفيلية متمثلة بطفيلي المشعرات المهبلية لدى 18 ا مرأة (31,0% من النساء المصابات). لوحظ حدوث نسبة عالية من الاصابات لدى نساء المجموعة العمرية( 25-29( سنة, اما فيما يخص داء المشعرات فقد وجدت عالية منها في المجموعتين العمريتين( 25-29) و (30-34) سنة. لوحظ وجود فوارق معنوية بين مجموعتي النساء المصابات بالامراض الجنسية والغير مصابات فيما يخص عمر المرأة عند الزواج, المهنة, وكذلك عدد مرات الاتصال الجنسي خلال الاسبوع, بينما انعدمت هذه الفوارق المعنوية اذا ماقورنت مجموعة النساء المصابات بداء المشعرات مع مجموعة النساء المصابات بالامراض الجنسية الغير طفيلية. لم يشاهد اي تاثير لفترة الزواج, عدد مرات الحمل, عدد الولادات, مستوى التعليم او استعمال موانع الحمل على نسب الاصابات. كذلك نوقش نتائج تأثير باقي العوامل. اخيراً ان انتشار داء المشعرات المهبلية كان بنسبة عالية بين نساء بغداد.


Article
The Trichomonasis Spread Between Married Women Revisions to The Health Center in Samarra
انتشار داء المشعرات المهبليةTrichomoniasis بين النساء المتزوجات المراجعات للمركز الصحي في قضاء سامراء

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Abstract

The current study was investigated the prevalence of Trichomoniasis among married women in Samarra city (Alqatoul center health -Samarra) for the period of 5/10/2012 -20/4/2013. The results were indicated that the total infection was 14.76%. The results showed differentiation in the percentage of infection according to the diagnostic methods, higher percentage for prevalence 14.76% and sensitivity 100% was obtained by culture on liquid medium by Diamonds’ TYM medium(Remel) diagnostic method while the prevalence of obtained by direct examination was 3.33% and sensitivity 22.58% .The infection percentages were different among the aged groups in which the highest percentage of infection was 29.03% in the aged group(26-30) year and lower percentage of 6.45% was in aged group (15-20) year. Also the results showed that the percentage of non-pregnant women infection was higher than the pregnant women, reached to 90.48% and 9.52% respectively, symptoms vaginal discharges gave a maximum infection rate reached to 100% while burning feeling lower percentage was 54.83%

تم اجراء دراسة لمعرفة انتشار داء المشعرات المهبلية Trichomoniasis من النساء المتزوجات في قضاء سامراء (مركز القاطول – سامراء) للمدة من /10/52012 ولغاية 2013/4/20 جمعت 210 عينة، أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن نسبة الخمج كانت 14.76%.تباينت نسبة الخمج باختلاف طرق التشخيص وكانت اعلى نسبة 14.76 % وحساسية 100% بالاعتماد على طريقة الزرع السائل باستخدام وسط دايموند TYM في حين سجلت نسبة خمج 3.33 % وحساسية 22.58% بطريقة الفحص المباشر. وتباينت نسبة الخمج باختلاف الفئات العمرية اذ كانت اعلى نسبة 29.03 % ضمن الفئة العمرية(26-30)سنة في حين سجلت الفئة العمرية(15-20)سنة اقل نسبة خمج وبلغت6.45% . كما واظهرت النتائج ان نسبة الخمج في النساء غير الحوامل اعلى من النساء الحوامل وبلغت 90.48% و 9.52 % على التوالي، وشكلت اعراض الافرازات المهبلية اعلى نسبة مئوية اذ بلغت 100% في حين سجل شعور النساء المخمجات بالحرقة اقل نسبة 54.83%.


Article
Concurrent Infection of Cestodes with Trichomoniasis in Domestic and Wild Columbides Birds in Babylon Province
الإصابة المشتركة لداء المشعرات والشريطيات في الحمام المستأنس والبري في محافظة بابل

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Abstract

The research was carried out in Babylon province on 138 domestic and wild columbide birds were collected during the period from April to June 2012. Fresh saline smears samples (wet mount) were taken from mucosa of buccal cavity, pharynx ,esophagus and crop of each bird, then examined by wet mount looking for Trichomoniasis, then the intestine opened longitudinally examined looking for helminthes which examined grossly and after fixative staining with carmine stain for identification. The results of wet mount for Trichomonus technique revealed that the total rate of infection was 43(31.5%). Asignificant differences were recorded in the rates of infection regarding the species of birds. The highest rate of infection was recorded with Trichomonus gallinae, in wood pigeon 16 (53.33%) followed by Rock pigeon, Domestic pigeon, Collared dove and palm dove 12(40%), 9 (30%), 4(13.34%) and 2(11.12 %) respectively. The results revealed that the total rate of infection was 80 (57.97%), with cestodes parasite. Asignificant differences regarding the type of the birds, the highest prevalence was recorded in wood pigeons 27 (90%) followed by rock pigeon, collared dove and domestic pigeons in prevalence rate 25 (83.34%), 12 (40%) and16 (26.67%) respectively, while no cestods recorded in palm dove. Asignificant differences regarding the type of cestodes parasite. Out of 123 collected cestodes, 79 (64.23%) were geuns Raillietina (18.69%) were geuns Aporina, and (17.07%) were geuns Cotugnia.

تم اجراء البحث في محافظة بابل على 138 من الحمام المستأنس والبري جمعت خلال الفترة من نيسان حتى حزيران للعام 2012. جمعت المسحات الرطبة التى اخذت من التجويف الفمى ,الحنجرة ,المرئ ,الصدروالقانصة وفحصت لاجل البحث عن داء المشعرات ثم فتحت الامعاء طوليا وفحصت للبحث عن الديدان.تم تثبيت الديدان وصبغها بصبغة الكارمين لاجل تميز الديدان . أظهرت نتائج طريقة المسحةالرطبة ان النسبة الكلية للاصابة بطفيلي الترايكومونس كاليني كانت 43(5 .31 %)سجل البحث فرق معنوي في نسب الاصابة بالنسبة لنوع الطيور فقد سجلت أعلى نسبة في الطبان 16(53.33%) ثم الحمام الطوراني ، والحمام المنزلي، الفاخته المطوقة و يمامة النخيل وبمعدل 12(40%)، 9( 30%)، 4( 13.34%) و2 (11.12%) على التوالي. بين البحث ان النسبة الكلية للاصابة بالديدان الشريطية كانت80 (57.97%)، سجل البحث فرق معنوي بالنسبة لنوع الطيور فقد سجلت أعلى نسبة اصابه في الطبان27(90%) يتبعها الحمام الطوراني، الفاخته المطوقة والحمام المنزلي وبمعدل 25( 83.34%)، 12(40%), 16(26.67%) عى التوالى بينما لم تسجل أي إصابة في يمامة النخيل. كما سجل البحث فرق معنوي بالنسبة لنوع الديدان فمن بين 123دودة شريطية عزلت منها79( 64.23%) تمثل جنس الريليتينا و(18.69%) جنس الابورينا و(17.07%) تمثل جنس الكوتكونيا.


Article
Isolation of Candida spp. from Women with Yeast Vaginitis and Study the Effect of Different Types of Douching on Candida spp.

Author: Alaa M. Hasan
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology المجلة العراقية للتقانات الحياتية ISSN: 18154794 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-70
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The interest of current research was to determine the effect of different types of vaginal douching (which are commercially available in pharmacies and legally prescribed by gynecologist to female patients with vaginal yeast candidiasis on Candida species). From ninety seven vaginal swab samples which were collected in the presence of specialized Gynecologist, sixty seven samples were positive, while thirty samples were negative. Candida isolates includes different species as follows, Candida albicans 46 isolates (68.65 %), C. tropicales 11 isolates (16.41 %), C. parasilopses 7 (10.44 %), and C. kyfer 3 isolates (4.47 %). The inhibitory effect (inhibition diameter) of douches was ranged from 50 mm in Gyno Baking Soda to 5 mm in Women Care, while some types of douches had no effect at all. Finally, it was concluded that despite the inhibitory effect for many types of douching on yeast isolates, such douches were cannot be used as a treatment for yeast vaginitis since they may increase the risk of yeast vaginal infection.

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