research centers


Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by

Article
THE VALUE OF WAIST TO HIP CIRCUMFERENCE IN THE ASSESSMENT OF OBESITY IN CHILDREN BELOW 5 YEARS

Authors: Riyadh S. Erhaim --- Ahmed H. Al-Anee --- Modar A. Oqab
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit University المجلة الطبية لجامعة تكريت ISSN: 18131638 Year: 2019 Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 184-196
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT: Background Obese and obesity are terms commonly used in the clinic as well as street corner, often with a wide range of meaning. "Overweight" technically refers to an excess of body weight, whereas "obesity" refers to an excess of fat. The aim of study to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children below five years old and identify some of their possible risk factors. Patients & Methods: The current study represents an observational, cross-section study using a multistage-stratified random sampling technique, which included three hundred children (girls and boys) who aged below 5 years, selected randomly in Primary Health Center and kindergarteners in Tikrit city. The study was conducted from the first of February 2016 to the first of October 2016. Body mass index and weight for age were measured and compared to standard tables using international cut-off points. The presence of obesity is assessed by measuring the circumference of the waist (WC) and comparing it to that of the hip (HC). The relation between the two measurements is referred to as the waist-to-hip ratio (W/H). The Results: Information on possible risk factors were collected by a prepared of questionnaire. The total number of cases was 300 child who aged below 5 years. The prevalence of obesity is 13% (39 cases). There was a significant association between obesity and age, residency (urban-rural), family history, social level and certain dietary practices. Modern dietary habits are an important influence in the development of childhood obesity that should be watched carefully and controlled

Keywords

Waist-to-hip ratio --- Children --- Tikrit --- Obesity


Article
Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Synergetic with Insulin Resistance Potentially Contributes to the Development of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Authors: Noor-Alhuda M. Al-Assadi --- Suhaila* f. AL-Shaikh --- Suhayr A. Al-Qaysi
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 732 -737
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Introduction: polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one from record common endocrine disorders, which is complicated in the multi system disease and its etiology is silent not clearly understood. The environment factors and the genetic factors production a crucial role in the pathogenesis of PCOS. The obesity is android in type with greater waist to hip ratio and obese in posterior abdominal wall and mesentery. Due to that (50%) of women with PCOS are fat, additional the possibility of insulin resistance is the development of type 2 diabetes. Aims of the study to estimate the role of TNF-α and insulin resistance in pathogenesis of PCOs and identify the relationship of obesity with IR and TNF-α in PCOs. IR and TNF-α concentration was assessed by competitive ELISA method. Significant of differences were detected between PCOS patients and controls. Each the PCOS had raised up BMI, WHR, fasting insulin, homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) score, and serum TNF-α when matched with controls (p<0.05). The conducted examination indicated the contribution of TNF-α in path mechanism of PCOS being the basis of increase body weight which lead to development of insulin resistance.

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (2)


Language

English (2)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2017 (1)