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Article
Restoration rate of waterfowl population in the restored marshes, southern Iraq

Author: J.M. Abed
Journal: Marsh Bulletin مجلة الاهوار ISSN: 18169848 Year: 2008 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 67-80
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Three marshes in southern Iraq (Huwayzah, Suq Shuyukh and East Hammar) were monitored for more than two years (June 04 till August 06). Seventy-eight species were recorded in the three marshes, 69, 60, 59 species were recorded in Huwayzah, Suq Shuyukh and East Hammar respectively, during the first year 64 species was recorded, 58, 46, 30 species in the three marshes respectively, while in the second year 74 species were recorded, 62 species were recorded in Huwayzah marsh and 53 species were recorded in Suq Shuyukh and East Hammar.There was increment in number of birds count between the two year in the three marshes, percentage of increment where 3.51, 3.01, 4.25 respectively, Comparison of total number of waterfowls surveyed between the three marshes, Huwayzah marsh came first followed by East Hammar and Suq Shuyukh, number of birds in Huwayzah marsh was 5.30 time the number of birds in Suq Shuyukh marsh and 3.47 time the number of birds in East Hammar marsh. The restoration index for number of species was 59.5% which means there were more than40% of water birds that did not return, and for number of individuals was 19%.


Article
THE STATUS AND CONSERVATION OF THE VULNERABLE MARBLED TEAL MARMARONETTAANGUSTIROSTRIS, MENETRIS
الوضع الراهن وحالة الصون لطائر الحذف المعرق المهدد في منطقة هور الدلمج، العراق

Authors: Mudhafar A. Salim مظفر عبد الباقي سالم --- Maysoon M. Altaey ميسون مهدي الطائي --- Salwan Ali Abed سلوان علي عبيد
Journal: Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum مجلة متحف التاريخ الطبيعي العراقي ISSN: Print ISSN: 10178678, Online ISSN: 23119799 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 113-120
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

This study is considered the first effort of its kind in Iraq and in the Middle East towards studying the Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris that was carried on in Hor Al-Dalmaj, southern Iraq. The findings of this effort illustrate its importance as it paves the way for further study and observation for the bird and this important wetland itself. This study tackles the all possible aspects of the ecological and biological statuses of Marbled Teal (Threatened - Vulnerable bird species – IUCN Redlist) by means of field surveys and systematic monitoring that were conducted along the four seasons over the years 2013-2014 in one of the ecologically important and prominent and poorly-known wetlands in the Middle Euphrates, that is Hor Al-Dalmaj, as a highly important wetland on the national, regional and global levels that holds Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA), Important Bird Areas (IBA), and Important Plant Areas (IPA).

تعد ھذه الدراسة ھي أول جھد من نوعھ في العراق والشرق الأوسط لطائر الحذف المعرق في منطقة ھور الدلمج جنوبي العراق. وتستمد أھمیة Marmaronetta angustirostrisھذا الجھد لكونھ یمھد الطریق لمزید من الدراسة والمراقبة للطیور والمنطقة. تعرض ھذه الدراسة كل الظروف البیئیة والأحیائیة لطائر الحذف المعرق (من الأنواع المھددة والمعرضة للخطر) بواسطة المسح الحقلي والمراقبة المنتظمة طوال الفصول الاربعة في سنه ٢٠١٣- ٢٠١٤ . أجري المسح في واحد من اھم وابرز الأراضي الرطبة التي لم تأخذ حقھا من الدراسات الكافیة الا وھو ھور الدلمج والذي یعتبر من اھم المسطحات المائیة على مستوى العراق والمنطقة والعالم وفقا لمعاییر مناطق التنوع الأحیائي الرئیسیة والمناطق المھمة للطیور والمناطق المھمة للنبات. یوفر ھور الدلمج موطن طبیعي ومناسب لھذا الطائر على مستوى العراق والشرق الأوسط لكلا المجتمعین: المفرخة والمھاجرة. نتائج الدراسة الحالیة توافق وتؤید بأن ھذه المسطحات المائیة تزود طائر الحذف المعرق البیئة المثالیة إستمراریة الفعالیات الطبیعیة كالتغذیة والتكاثر، على الرغم من أن الطیور تواجھ أنواع مختلفة من التھدیدات، كذلك تم اقتراح جملة من التوصیات نحو إدارة جیدة لمنطقة ھور الدلمج في المستقبل.

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