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Article
Dental Caries Experience and Salivary Elements Among A Group of Young Adults In Relation to Age and Gender

Authors: Samara Faris Abdel Aziz --- Wesal Ali Al-Obaidi وصال علي العبيدي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 188-192
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Dental caries is a most common social and intractable infectious disease in human. Saliva is critical for preserving and maintaining oral health and salivary elements had many effects on caries experience.Aim of study: This study was conducted to assess dental caries severity by age and gender and their relation to salivary zinc and copper among a group of adults aged (19-22) years.Materials and methods: After examination eighty persons aged 19-22 years of both gender. Caries severity was documented according to DMFS index. Stimulated salivary samples were collected and chemically analyzed under standardized condition to detect salivary elements zinc and copper. Concentrations of Zinc and copper were measured by using atomic absorption spectrophotometry.Results: The finding revealed that the total males had higher mean value of DMFS and DS fraction than that of the total females with statistically non-significant differences at p> 0.05 regarding of DMFS, while significant difference was found regarding DS fraction. Frist age group (19-20) had a lower mean value of DMFS than that of the second age group (21-22), while it had a higher mean value of DS fraction with statistically non-significant differences. There were statistically non-significant differences at p> 0.05 between males and females regarding salivary zinc and copper concentrations.Non-significant positive weak correlation between DMFS index and salivary zinc and copper.Conclusion: Saliva is the one of important factors in prevention of dental caries. Therefore, chemical changes in salivary composition play an important role in development and progression of caries


Article
Measles among Adolescents and Young Adults Hospitalized in Merjan Teaching Hospital-Babylon during the 2008-2009 Epidemic
الحصبة عند المراهقين و البالغين الذين أدخلوا مستشفى مرجان التعليمي خلال وباء الحصبة عام 2008-2009

Author: Hasan Alwan Baiee د. حسن علوان بيعي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 7-12
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract Background: Despite the launch of the national plan for measles elimination, in Iraq, immunization coverage remains suboptimal and outbreaks continue to occur. Objectives: To study the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of measles adolescents and adult patients admitted to Medical Merjan City Babylon, Iraq. Patients and Methods: This is a cross sectional study carried out during the last epidemic that took place in Babylon during the year2008- 2009. The study included all patients aged 11 years and above from the first of May 2008, through the end of April, 2009, interviewing of patients were carried out by trained medical staff using a structured questionnaire to collect demographic and clinical data about the cases . Diagnosis was done according to WHO criteria. Results: This study reveals that the overall incidence rate of measles was (59per100000 persons) and the highest incidence (71/100000 persons) was among dwellers in Al-Hilla city (urban area). Most of the cases occurred in winter and spring seasons. The highest proportion of cases was in the age group 21-25 years of age (31.8%). Male to female ratio was 1.1: 1. The most common signs and symptoms among the studied patients were rash, fever and cough which constituted100%, 99, 94%, respectively. Pneumonia and diarrhea were the main complications, 2 pregnant females died with a case fatality rate during pregnancy (1.5%). Among 130 pregnant women three abortions (2.3%) and five women delivered prematurely (3.8%). Conclusions: These cases underline the potential severity of this infection and the difficulty to diagnose measles at the early phase the successful elimination of measles in our country will require additional efforts to immunize low vaccine coverage population groups, including hard-to-reach individuals, adolescents, and young adults and an enhanced surveillance system.Keywords: Epidemiology, measles, Adolescents, young adults, outbreak, Babylon, Iraq.

الخلاصة :خلفية البحث: بالرغم من بدء حملة الحد من ألحصبة في ألعراق لكن التغطية بالتحصين لاتزال غير فعالة لتستمر معها حدوث فوعات أوبئة للمرض الأهداف: دراسة الصفات الوبائية والسريرية للمراهقين والبالغين من مرضى الحصبة الذين ادخلوا مستشفى مرجان ألتعليمي في محافظة بابل – العراقالمرضى وطرائق العمل: دراسة مقطعية لجميع المرضى فوق الحادية عشر من العمر المصابين بمرض الحصبة والذين ادخلوا مستشفى مرجان التعليمي في الوباء ألأخير للمرض للفترة من مايس 2008 لنهاية مايس2009 حيث تم مقابلة المرضى الراقدين من قبل عاملين صحيين تم تدريبهم لهذا الغرض باستعمال ورقة استبانه مهيكلة أعدت لجمع بيانات وبائية ديموغرافية وسريريه عن المرض, وتم التشخيص سريريا وبالفحوص المختبرية وفق معايير منظمة الصحة العالمية المعتمدة .النتائج : أظهرت الدراسة إن معدل وقوع الحصبة الشديدة للمراهقين والبالغين كان (59 لكل 100000 نسمة) و إن سكنه الريف (القرى) هم الأكثر إصابة وبنسبة (69%) مقارنة بسكان مراكز المدن، ان حالات دخول الحصبة كانت الأكثر في موسمي الشتاء والربيع, وكان البالغون من الفئة العمرية 21-25 سنة هم الأكثرية بين المرضى(83,31%), وكان المرضى الذكور هم الأعلى نسبيا حيث كانت النسبة ألإناث: الذكور1:1,1 أهم العلامات والأعراض السريرية للمرض هي الطفح الجلدي وارتفاع درجة الحرارة والسعال وبنسبة 100%، 99% و 94% وكانت اهم مضاعفات المرض هي التهاب الرئة الحاد و الإسهال، توفى اثنان من المرضى الحوامل بمعدل إماتة (1,5%) من بين 130 امرأة حامل مصابة بالحصبة كانت هناك 3 حالات إجهاض (3, 2%) وخمس ولادات مبكرة (8, 3 %). الاستنتاج: دراسة هذه الحالات يؤشر الخطورة الكامنة للعدوى وصعوبة التشخيص المبكر للحالات ,للسيطرة على هذا المرض في بلدنا لابد من زيادة التغطية بلقاح الحصبة وخاصة للجماعات العالية الخطورة والهامشية من الشباب إضافة لتفعيل نظام الترصد الوبائي


Article
Dyslipidemia in Young Adults Aged (20-40) Years Attending Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Al-Mansour Primary Health Care Center in Baghdad City

Authors: Hamza A. Al-Sabah --- Nibras H. Hussain --- **, Dalia Tariq Ali
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 320-327
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a condition characterized by high quantities of lipids in the blood stream. Lipids include cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids. Fats and cholesterol are generally processed in the liver and carried on proteins in the blood, forming lipoproteins. Its complications include pancreatitis, atherosclerosis, coronary artery diseases and stroke.OBJECTIVE: Is to estimate the prevalence of hyperlipidemia in the Iraqi young adults aged 20-40 years and to shed a light on any significant association between some socio-demographic and life style variables with hyperlipidemia.SUBJECTS & METHODS :A cross-sectional study was conducted from the first of December 2011 to the first of June 2012. RESULTS :The prevalence rate of any lipid abnormality (at least one abnormality) was 75%.The prevalence rates of elevated serum total cholesterol, low serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol, elevated serum triglyceride and elevated serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol were (32.5%, 38.5%, 29.5%, 30%), respectively. The prevalence rate of elevated TC/HDL ratio was 61%.CONCLUSION : There is a high prevalence of lipid abnormality in young adults of whom males had higher prevalence than females but the difference was not significant.The significant associated risk factors with hyperlipidemia were age, BMI, newly diagnosed or uncontrolled diabetic and hypertensive patients, cholesterol/fat rich diet and type of cooking oil.


Article
Sensebook: A Proposed Social Media Mobil Application Designed to Deal with Teenagers Online
Sensebook: اقتراح تطبيق على الاجهزة الذكية يخدم وسائل التواصل الاجتماعي للمراهقيين

Author: Muhanad A. Abbas Alkhalisy مهند عبد الاله الخالصي
Journal: AL-MANSOUR JOURNAL مجلة المنصور ISSN: 18196489 Year: 2018 Issue: 29 Pages: 117-128
Publisher: Private Mansour college كلية المنصور الاهلية

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Abstract

This paper present mobile social media application planned for high scholars clients “teenager” in place to forestall what's more relieve mean and brutal conduct behavior on the web. The reason for those suggested application is to make a disparaging place environment where teens use an assortment of offers planned on help raise self-awareness of their own web behavior, look for support at needed, and take in should control and right aggressive behavior. The proposed design plan will be outline by four principles: design plan for Reversal, design plan for sympathy, design plan to Authorization, and design plan for those whole. We end by plotting more add-ons our provision on make it serves to enhance the web encounters for teens. The application effort need suggestive for the group of health on account to apply answers for tackle a critical social issue that could influence the wellbeing the health and prosperity about teens. Toward utilizing this application, our pushed should make a nurturing environment, develop beneficial on the online web behavior, also ultimately, relieve and keep mean and sever behavior online.

في هذه الورقة تم تصميم تطبيق يخدم التواصل الاجتماعي على الاجهزة الذكية للمستخدمين المراهقين من أجل منع وتخفيف السلوك العدواني عبر الإنترنت المتوسط والعنيف. والغرض من التطبيق المقترح هو خلق بيئة رعاية حيث يتيح للمراهقين استخدام مجموعة متنوعة من الميزات المصممة للمساعدة في رفع الوعي الذاتي من سلوكهم على الانترنت، والسعي للحصول على الدعم عند الحاجة، وتعلم كيفية السيطرة و تصحيح السلوك العدواني. في التصميم المقترح تم الاعتماد على أربعة مبادئ تصمية: تصميم للتفكير(design for Reversal)، تصميم للتعاطف (design for Sympathy)، وتصميم للتمكين(design for Authorization)، وتصميم للكل (design for the Entire). تم اضافة المزيد من المميزات الى التطبيق لجعله يساعد على تحسين خبرات الشباب عبر الإنترنت. هذا العمل لديه ارتباط مع مجتمع الصحة لأنه يطبق حلول لمعالجة مشكلة اجتماعية حرجة يمكن أن تؤثر على صحة ورفاهية الشباب

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