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Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research.
مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية

ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة
Subject: Veterinary science

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Abstract

.Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research (Bas.J.Vet.Res.) is the official journal of College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Basrah, Iraq. The Journal is a biannual international peer-reviewed, open access research publication covering all aspects of veterinary science. The journal publishes original papers in English, case reports and reviews relevant to any area of veterinary sciences and veterinary medicine.

تهدف مجلة البصرة للأبحاث البيطرية إلى نشر البحوث العلمية الأصلية والمتميزة والمقالات القصيرة وتقارير الحالات المرضية والمراجعات في النواحي التطبيقية والنظرية من مختلف ميادين العلوم البيطرية وسوف تصدر المجلة مرتين في السنة وتقبل البحوث باللغة العربية والانكليزية


Article
STUDY OF SOME BLOOD NORMAL PARAMETERS OF SHEEP IN BASRAH
دراسة بعض معايير الدم الطبيعيه في الاغنام في البصره

Author: Hassanin Husham Naser Al-Autaish
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 380-385
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was conducted in Basrah at period from September- 2012 throughoutAugust- 2013.Blood samples were collected from 480 sheep in different ages andboth genders. Haematological parameters were estimated and the result revealed that;the sheep included in this study have lower haematological parameters than thestandard ones. Young animals in this study suffering from macrocytic normochromicanaemia

Keywords

sheep --- anemia --- Basrah


Article
STUDY OF CONTAGIOUS ECTHYMA IN LAMBS OF BASRAH PROVINCE , IRAQ
دراسة مرض الحميقاء الساري في حملان محافظة البصرة, العراق

Author: Abdulkadhim Abed Aneed , Kamal M.Alsaad عبد الكاظم عبد عنيد ,كمال الدين مهلهل السعد
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 2 Pages: 56-79
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Contagious ecthyma have been detected and diagnosed in local lamb breeds 3-6 months old of both sexes . The study was conducted to examine 941 local lamb breeds in Basrah, province , Iraq represents eleven (11) flock groups. One hundred (100) local lamb breeds shows different clinical manifestations belong to contagious ecthyma. Twenty five (25) clinically healthy local lamb breeds considered as controls. Diseased lambs show different clinical manifestations such as Anorexia, depression and dullness , Unable to sucking or graze , However, Orf lesions was seen in the form of papules, pustules, vesicles, and scabs which indicated in all diseased animals, Moreover, Orf lesions distributed around mouth commeasure and muzzle , Furthermore, lesions was detected at upper and lower part of the lips , additional, Orf lesions was seen on upper and / or lower eyelids . Fissuring lesions were also detected . Moreover, a slight , lesions were also detected on coronets, ears, anus, and vulva in (6%) of diseased animals. Data concerning clinical examinations of diseased lambs show a significant increase in body temperature, respiratory and heart rate of diseased lambs than in controls. The results of hematological examinations of diseased lambs infected with Orf and controls indicated leuckocytosis due to lymphocytosis, Moreover, the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation of red blood cells indicated a significant increase in diseased lambs than in controls. On the other hands, The results of the acute phase response also indicated a significant increase in both Haptoglobin values and Fibrinogen time in diseased lambs compared with controls. The results of PCR on gel electrophoresis show that the ORFV virus has 147 base-pair specific PCR amplicons were detected, In addition, Sequence analysis of submitted Orf virus amplified GFR gene. The raw nucleotide sequences of all samples were processed by FinchT.V 1-4 version software for trimming the unwanted sequences and bases with low sequence quality (lower than 20% signal intensity). Furthermore, The evolutionary history was inferred using the Neighbor-Joining method, Since, The optimal tree with the sum of branch length = 0.02625234 is shown. (above the branches). The evolutionary distances were computed using the Maximum Composite Likelihood method and are in the units of the number of base substitutions per site. The analysis involved 12 nucleotide sequences. Codon positions included were 1st+2nd+3rd+Noncoding. All ambiguous positions were removed for each sequence pair. There were a total of 79 positions in the final data set. Evolutionary analyses were conducted in MEGA7 . Results of the histopathological examinations show papillomatus hyperplasia of epidermis as well as a numerous immature hair follicles in the proliferation epidermis and proliferation of sebaceous glands, However, an area of apoptosis of structural molecules were also detected , Furthermore, Masses of areas of proliferative sweat glands with large areas of laminated vacuolated structure and deposit tissue like structures in the dermis was determined, However a dark stained blackish deposit hair follicles with some dilated hair follicles and inflammatory cells were also observed, Moreover, scab like formation above the epidermal cells in the upper epidermal layer was seen microscopically. It have been concluded that contagious ecthyma seems to be an endemic viral disease at Basrah providence , Iraq, reflect high morbidity rate which might resulted in a recoded economic losses. However, Secondary bacterial infection or myiasis of affected parts were always follow resulting in more disease complications, Therefore programmed annual vaccination is advised.

شخص مرض الحميقاء الساري في الحملان المحلية ومن كلا الجنسين بعمر 3-6 اشهر .أذ شملت الدراسة فحص 941 من الضأن المحلية مثلت احد عشر من قطعان ضأن محافظة البصرة , العراق . عشوائيأ تم اختيار 100 من الحملان المحلية والتي اظهرت علامات سريرية متعلقة بالمرض كما اختير 25 من الحملان المحلية السوية سريريأً عدو كمجموعة سيطرة . اظهرت الحملان المصابة علامات سريرية مثل انعدام الشهية والاكتأب والبلادة,عدم القدرة على الرضاعة أو الرعي,فضلا عن ذلك فقد لوحظت الافات المرضية بشكل حطاطات, بثرات , حويصلات وندب في جميع الحملان المصابة .لوحظت الافات المرضية حول الفم وفي الشفاه العليا والسفلى, وفي الجفون العليا والسفلى, كما لوحظت افات التشقق ايضا في الحملان المصابة وتواجدت افات مرضية بشكل قليل جدا حول الاكليل والأذنين والشرج والفرج (6%).كما عانت الحيوانات المريضة من ارتفاع معنوي في معدلات درجات حرارة الجسم وضربات القلب وترداد التنفس. أوضحت نتائج الفحوصات الدموية ارتفاع معنوي في العدد الكلي لخلايا الدم البيض بسبب الارتفاع المعنوي للعدد المطلق للخلايا اللمفية فضلا عن حدوث ارتفاع المعنوي في سرعة تثفل كريات الدم الحمر في الحملان المصابة بالمرض بالمقارنة مع مجموعة ألسيطرة ومن ناحية أخرى فقد بينت نتائج استجابة الطور الحاد وجود ارتفاع معنوي في معدلات الهابتوكلوبين ووقت منشيء الليفين في الحملان المريضة بالمقارنة مع حملان مجموعة السيطرة . بينت نتائج فحص تفاعل البلمرة المتسلسل في الهلام الكهربائي ان الفيروس المتسبب عن الحميقاء الساري له 147 من القواعد الزوجية .تم اختيار الأنواع المتماثلة / العزلات حسب أعلى نسبة هوية مع تغطية أفضل للاستعلام وأدنى قيمة E.كما تمت معالجة متواليات النيوكليوتيدات الخام لجميع العينات بواسطة برنامج إصدار FinchT.V 1-4 لتقليص المتواليات والقواعد غير المرغوب فيها بجودة تسلسل منخفضة (أقل من كثافة الإشارة بنسبة 20٪). فضلا عن استنتاج التاريخ التطوري باستخدام طريقة الجار - الربط ، حيث يتم عرض الشجرة المثلى مع مجموع طول الفرع = 0.02625234. (فوق الفروع). حساب المسافات التطورية باستخدام طريقة أقصى احتمال مركب وهي بوحدات عدد البدائل الأساسية لكل موقع أذ تظمن التحليل 12 سلسلة من النيوكليوتيدات وتظمنت اتجاهات الكودون الاول+ الثاني + الثالث + غير المرمز . تمت ازالة جميع المواقع الغامضة لكل زوج متسلسل حيث أن هناك مامجموعه 79 وظيفة من مجموع البيانات النهائية .واجريت التحليلات التطورية في MEGA7.بينت نتائج الفحوصات النسجية المرضية تضخم الورم الحليمي للبشرة وكذلك العديد من بصيلات الشعر غير الناضجة في انتشار البشرة وانتشار الغدد الدهنية ، ومع ذلك ، تم اكتشاف منطقة من موت الخلايا المبرمج للجزيئات الهيكلية. فضلا عن تحديد كتل مناطق الغدد العرقية التكاثري مع مساحات كبيرة من هياكل مغلفة وأنسجة رواسب مثل الهياكل في الأدمة, ورواسب داكنة اللون مع بعض بصيلات الشعر المتوسعة والخلايا الالتهابية.وشوهدت مماثلات الندب فوق خلايا البشرة في الطبقة العليا من الجلد . استنتج من هذه الدراسة أن مرض الحميقاء الساري قد يكون متوطناً في محافظة البصرة وقد يعكس اصابات مرضية مرتفعة قد تؤدي الى هلاكات فضلا عن اصابة الحيوانات المريضة بالنغف أو الإصابات الجرثومية الثانوية والذي قد يعقد عملية الشفاء علية ينصح بتباع برامج سنوية ممنهجة للسيطرة على المرض.

Keywords

Contagious ecthyma --- lambs --- Basrah --- Iraq.


Article
17- PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY OF Escherichia coli AND Klebsiella pneumoniae FROM PATIENTS AND ANIMALS IN BASRAH PROVINCE

Author: Roaa A. Sabeeh*, Mazin N. Mousa**, Bassam Y. Khudaier
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 192-208
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

During the period of seven months from October 2016 to May 2017, 299samples were collected, 152(51%) human samples, of which 69 (45.4%) were fromurine and 83 (54.6%) were from children suffering from diarrhea in hospitals in AlBasra governorate. 147 (49.2%) samples were from fecal of animals, of which 82(55.8% ) samples were from buffalo and 65(44.2%) were from cow .A total of 101E. coli serotype O157: isolates out of 299 were suspected E. coli analyzed 52/101(34.2%%) were from human 16 (10.5%) samples were from urine and 36 (23.7%)samples were from stool . and 49/101(33.3%) were from animal 33(22.4%)samples were from buffalo and 16 (10.9%) samples were from cow . On the otherhand 68(22.7%) isolates out of 299 were suspected K. pneumoniae analyzed 41/68(27%)were from human 28/41( 18.4%) isolates were from urine samples and 13/41(8.6%) isolates were from stool samples and 27/68 (18.4%) were from animal 16(10.9%) samples were from buffalo and 11(7.5%) samples were from cow).Allsuspected isolates were subjected to testing biochemical. It was found that 10 out of101 were 4 isolates of animal faeces (2 buffalo and 2 cows).six isolates of 52isolates (4 of the children's stool samples and 2 of the urine samples) 19.5% nonfermented sorbitol (NSFEC).The isolates were tested against 14 different antibiotics

Keywords

Escherichia coli --- patients --- Basrah.


Article
SERO-EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TOXOPLASMOSIS IN SLAUGHTER WORKERS
دراسة مصلية وبائية عن انتشار مرض التوكسوبلازما بين العاملين في مجزرة البصرة-جنوب العراق

Author: Ali R. M. Al-Imara*, Mohammed S. Thamir علي رشيد مكطوف الإمارة , محمود سالم ثامر
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 87-90
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

A sero-epidemiological study was made of detection of toxoplasmosis between slaughter workers in Basrah abattoir city, southern Iraq. A total of (100) blood sample was collected with different ages between (20-50) years. The prevalence of toxoplasmosis was found between (45-48%).

الخلاصةتم اجراء دراسة مصلية وبائية عن انتشار داء التوكسوبلازما بين العاملين من مختلف الاعمار في مجزرة البصرة المركزية/ جنوب العراق. تم جمع 100 عينة دم من العاملين قسم اعمارهم من 20-50 حيث وجدت النسبة المئوية للتوكسوبلازما بين 45-48%


Article
ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF Staphylococcus aureus FROM TICKS ON THE CATTLE IN BASRA CITY
عزل وتشخيص بكتريا المكورات العنقودية الذهبية في القراد المتطفل على الماشيه في مدينة البصره

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Abstract

Ticks are an important external parasite have a mechanical affect through an imbibing blood of the host and transferring a pathogenic bacteria or a virus. The present study was focusing on the isolation of bacteria from the ticks parasitized cattle in north of Basra city,This study was conducted in north of Basrah (Qurna district) from February to July 2017Atotal number of 80cattle parasitized with ticks were samplesIsolated ticks were identified as Hyalomma to recognize what types of bacteria might be existed in these ticks, some of the cultures and biochemical tests were used. As a consequence, Staphylococcus aureus being identified in 14 of cattle sampled that infected with ticks. Regarded to present study, Staphylococcus aureusis one of the most pathogenic bacteria that can have an impact on an animal health production and this study that conducted from little studies in Iraq especially in Basrah about diagnosis of bacterial infection from Ticks.

يعد القراد من الطفيليات الخارجية المهمةوالتي لها تأثيرات ميكانيكية من خلال مص دماءالمضيف وكذلك لها اهميه فينقل البكتيريا المرضية أو نقل الفايروس. وقد تركزت دراستناعلى عزل البكتريا من القراد المتطفل على الماشية في شمال محافظة البصرة اجريت هذه الدراسة في قضاء القرنة ابتداء من شهر شباط الى نهاية شهر تموز ,إجمالي عددالأبقار التي اخذت منها العينات والمصابة بالقرادهي 80 .شخص القراد المعزول بانه تابع الى جنسHyalomma..البكتيرياالتي شخصت في هذا القراد بعد استخدام بعض الاوساط الزرعية والاختبارات الكيميائية الحيوية هي المكورات العنقودية الذهبية والتيتم تحديدها في 14 من الماشية المصابة بالقراد. تعتبر دراستنا والتي من خلالها تم تشخيص المكورات العنقودية الذهبية في القراد تعتبر واحده من معظم انواع البكتيريا المسببة للأمراض والتي يكون لهاتأثير على صحة الحيوان من خلال الاصابة الثانوية ولها تأثير من جانب صحة اللحوم


Article
KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS IN DROUGHT HORSES IN BASRAH, BASRAH-IRAQ
التهاب الملتحمة والقرنية المعدي في خيول السحب في البصرة البصرة- العراق

Author: Kamal M. Alsaad كمال الدين مهلهل السعد
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 155-163
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The objective of the present work was to investigate infectious kerato-conjunctivitis in drought horses in Basrah Province (Basrah-Iraq). The study was conducted on (200) local drought horses (3-10) years old and of both sexes. Animals were brought and examined at the consultant veterinary hospital-college of veterinary medicine-university of Basrah, during the period from July 2007 to June 2008. Result revealed that out of (200) drought horses, (77) animals have been exhibited the clinical sings of keratoconjusnctivitis, with a prevalence rate of (38.5%). Diseased animals show sings of, sever conjunctival hyperemia, serious, mucoid and/or purulent ocular secretions, restless and anxiety, Presence of flies around the eyes, edematous eyes, Photophobia, Blepherospasim, rubbing eyes against hard objects, and corneal opacity. Results were also indicated different causative agents which were responsible for the disease, either in the form of single or mixed infection. Thelazia lacrymalis being the most important nematode detected, moreover Staphylococcus areus, E.coli, Klebseilla spp, Streptococous spp., and pseudomonas arigenosa, were indicated as the main and common bacteria which were isolated from infected eyes of diseased drought horses, Furthermore yeast, Cladosporium cladosporoides, Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger were represent the fungal microorganisms isolated from infected eyes of diseased drought horses. Flies which found congregated around infected eyes were diagnosed as Musca spp.


Article
A CASE REPORT OF CUTANEOUS MYIASIS BY CHRYSOMYA BEZZIANA (OWS) IN CAMEL AT BASRA PROVINCE
تسجيل حاله تدويد جلدي بيرقات ذبابة العالم القديم Chrysomya bezziana في الجمال في محافظة البصرة

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Abstract

A first case was reported of cutaneous myiasis by old world screw worm Chrysomya bezziana in camels in Basra province south of Iraq in 2006. Camels were brought from Al-Zubair city and then to Basra marshes. Many larvae were isolated from injury in the knee and thigh region which exposed to stress during transportation. Larvae was sent to a laboratory which classified to belong Diptera- Chrysomya bezziana (OWS). The animal was treated by using ammonia 36% , iodine , and antibiotic as spray locally, after that the animal take a rest and the healing occur within three days of treatment. This case considers as the first case report of myiasis by chrysomyia bezziana in camel at Basra province south of Iraq.

Keywords

Chrysomya bezziana --- Camel --- Basrah


Article
ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMICAL STUDY ON OWS (CHRYSOMYA BEZZIANA)VILLENEUVE IN BASRAH PROVINCE SOUTH OF IRAQ
دراسه بيئيه وبائيه لدودة الذبابة الحلزونية في محافظة البصرة – جنوب العراق

Author: Mushtaq A.M Al-Helfi مشتاق عبد المهدي الحلفي
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 307-317
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Study included Basrah provinces ( Fao, Abo-alkhaseib , Shatt –Al-arab, Alzubair , Deir ,Hartha,Alqurna,Almudaina,and center of Basrah)2004-2009.3453 cases ,(217 goats,80 dogs,40 baffalo,658cattle,2432 sheep, 15 horses,1 camel)were diagnosed with OWS. Lesions of myaisis were included ( cutaneous ,uterine, ear, eyes, oral cavity, udder and foot). Myaisis in dogs and buffalos with OWS because of ticks bites or FMD disease lesion. Suitable environment temperatures (30 C) (0 – 60 c). Although humidity (56%)( 22-90 %) as well as wind speed (5,25 m/Se)( 3,8-6,7 m/Se). This study improve that OWS survive in high temperatures ( 30 - 60 C) and low temperature (0 C)and infected all type in different types of animals with different cases of myiasis .Eradication of myaisis in last of that study be sure with use technique new method by vertical and horizontal spray of insecticides material with local treatment take good results healing in short time. No case detected from 2007-2009 with this technique

Keywords

OWS --- Myaisis --- of insecticides


Article
DETECTION OF GIARDIA INFECTION IN DOGS OF BASRAH CITY

Authors: Ali Naser --- Israa abdul wadood
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 159-171
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine detect the infection rate of Giardiasisin local canine breeds of Basrah, Iraq. Two hundred and twenty-five (225) fecalsamples were collected from dogs of both sexes from March to October 2016.Suspected animals either asymptomatic (56.7%) or symptomatic (43.3%) thesuspected dogs show different clinical signs such as diarrhea (6.66%), pasty feces(13.33%), steatorrhea (8.00%), anorexia (10.66%), emaciation (15.55%) andvomiting (0.88%). Diagnosis of Giardia spp was done on basis of microscopicexamination which detects Giardia cyst and trophozoite with infection rate (40 %),moreover, it was confirmed by ELISA technique(Giardia-specific antigen) to detect(75.55%) was infected with G. lamblia with a high infection rate comparison withmicroscopic examination. It had been shown that high infection rate (43.75%) wasdetected in March than the lowest in July (34.78%). Moreover infection with Giardiawas found more common at (1 day to 6 months) of age; furthermore, females showinfection rate more males. It has been concluded that giardiasis affected canine ofBasrah city lead to substantial effect, therefore animals must be screenedperiodically.

Keywords

Giardia --- dogs --- Anorexia.

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